eSSL Biometric Secuwatch

August 14, 2008

Cyber cafes to be monitored in India

Indian police places biometric systems and CCTV in more than 150 cyber cafes in order to catch cyber criminals in the act

The growing threat from criminals and fraudsters who use cyber cafes has been getting out of control in many parts of the world, but authorities in India have come up with a unique system which they are looking to trial very soon. The system uses a mixture of biometrics to take thumb prints as users log on, live photographs, and the users name and address records to keep track of who is using workstations, and more importantly, when. The Indian Police recently organized a demonstration of the system to more than 150 cyber cafe owners and while it went down fairly well, there are some concerns about privacy. Many cyber cafe owners are aware that some users will log onto view sites of an adult nature, but it is more the criminals and the fraudsters who are the target of the authorities. A number of cafe owners, however, are concerned about the creeping “big brother is watching” scenario, something which some say has long gone beyond the Indian stage in the United Kingdom.

Cyber crime is a growing business around the world but catching the criminals in the act is proving more and more difficult. While this latest move in India has prompted some concerns it seems likely that some kind of compromise will be reached in the end. 

Source: http://hsdailywire.com/single.php?id=6527

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August 12, 2008

Leading player in Attendance, Access, CCTV, Fire Safety Solutions industry

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October 8, 2007

Fingerprint Authentication – The Time Has Finally Arrived

There are several techniques that can be applied for verifying and confirming a user’s identity. They can be broadly classified as something the user knows, such as a password or PIN; something the user has, such as a smart card or ATM card; and something that’s part of the user, such as a fingerprint or iris. The strongest authentication involves a combination of all three. The technology used for identification of a user based on a physical characteristic, such as a fingerprint, iris, face, voice or handwriting is called Biometrics.

It has been more than 15 years since the introduction of commercial fingerprint authentication systems. Yet they are just now gaining broad acceptance. We should not be surprised. Many technologies required several years before the right combination of factors allowed them to become ubiquitous. If one looks back to laptop computers, cell phones, fax machines, pagers, laser printers and countless other everyday devices, one will realize most had long gestation periods. Biometrics is now at the acceptance crossroads. What will propel them into common usage?

October 5, 2007

Biometrics to keep tabs on lazy cops

AHMEDABAD: The days of traffic policemen playing truant while on duty are now numbered. Ahmedabad traffic police will soon install 50 biometric devices to check the ‘lazy’ policemen from dodging duty.

The biometric attendance recording gadgets would be installed at traffic pickets to ensure the punctuality of the staff. The move comes at a time when the city traffic department is looking to add to its staff strength.

“Our proposal has been cleared and the pre-requisite sum has been sanctioned by the state government for acquiring the biometric devices which will be soon in place at traffic pickets in the city,” said additional commissioner of police, traffic, Manoj Agarwal.

The biometrics device uses a touch-screen-based technology which will read thumb impressions and match them with the original records. Each device would cost somewhere between Rs 7,000 to Rs 15,000.

Finally, the long drawn problem of shortage of manpower in traffic police department will also be addressed soon, especially since the state government has sanctioned additional 800 traffic personnel for the Ahmedabad traffic police.

The traffic department already has 50 power bikes and will soon get 50 wireless handsets.Agarwal said, “The state government has approved our proposals for increasing traffic posts given that the city is expanding fast and so is the population.”

Talking about the training schedule for the traffic personnel, he said, “We will be recruiting personnel from police department from constabulary positions. Their traffic management skills will be honed before being posted.”

Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Ahmedabad/Biometrics_to_keep_tabs_on_lazy_cops/articleshow/2239914.cms

Who invented the biometric system?

Filed under: Biometrics, Biometrics FAQ, Biometrics Future, eSSL — secuwatch @ 2:40 pm

The use of biometric technology, which utitilises body characteristics to identify a person, goes back to the ancient civilisations of Egypt and China. However, modern-day biometrics has evolved thanks to the contribution of several minds.

Joao De Barros, a European explorer is credited with recording the first known system of fingerprinting in the 14th century. Alphonse Bertillon, a policeman from Paris, studied body mechanics in an effort to identify criminals.

In recent years, John Daugman, a physicist, has done pioneering work in developing the biometric iris recognition system. Owing to its accuracy, biometric systems are being used to help nab terrorists.

Pakistan recently installed biometric systems at its border to keep a check on cross-border militancy from Afghanistan.

September 23, 2007

Biometric Fingerprint Time Clocks

Buddy punching—not the violent connotation, but equally malicious and punishable under most corporate guidelines on proper employee behavior—is the practice of cheating time clocks by punching in the attendance card or swiping the ID of a co-worker in his absence.

Attendance monitoring used to mean endless paperwork, sifting though documents and manual computation. That has changed with the onslaught of biometric fingerprint time clocks that have high-tech applications but simple implementation.

There are several brands in the market, and they offer basically the same features, although some may be a bit more sophisticated (they allow several program schemes adaptable per employee specifications). A device can be programmed to quickly identify special work-schedule arrangements made for certain employees, for example.

A biometric fingerprint time clock generally is composed of three major components that make it work: scanner (on which one places a finger for the print to be scanned); software (that transforms the scanned information into digital format); and database (where authorized fingerprints are stored in digital format).

Biometric fingerprint time clocks may be installed on each side of a door to facilitate close monitoring of employee ins and outs. The biometric clock is wired into the door latch, allowing it to mechanically open and shut it. But if it’s just attendance monitoring you desire, one unit for your whole office may suffice. A device is capable of storing large amounts of data.

Once installed, you will have to get each employee to register a fingerprint. You may need to have your IT (information technology) employees help you with this. They will create a master list of names and their corresponding fingerprints. Additional programming is needed for flexi-time employees who do not subscribe to the general work-schedule hours.

After completing the database, the device ready. Employees will only need to put a finger on the scanning interface of the time clock. The print will be processed, and if it matches an image stored in the database, the door will open mechanically. If not, access will be denied; there’s no prying open the door or getting around the system.

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September 21, 2007

Biometrics: A Future Identity Solution?

Filed under: Biometrics, Biometrics Future — secuwatch @ 8:53 am

Biometrics – it’s a word you will hear more and more in the future. It is the technology that is available today to identify a person by a fingerprint, eye scan, face or handprint, or voice pattern. The increased emphasis on security in the wake of terrorist attacks, identity thefts, and computer hackers should be fueling huge growth in the sales of biometric technology.

credit card

Unfortunately, that hasn’t happened — yet. A few businesses and government agencies have deployed biometrics or are currently testing. However, skeptics say the technology is still too expensive, not foolproof, is difficult to integrate with other systems, and mandates changes in the way people work.That may explain why the use of biometrics isn’t growing as fast as expected. In a survey of business-technology executives conducted by Information Week earlier this year, only 9% of the 300 executives say biometric deployment is a key business priority, down from 12% in 2002.

Why aren’t businesses embracing biometrics?

On the surface, biometrics has always offered advantages over most authentication services. It can be associated, very specifically, with one person. It tends to be highly resilient to theft, cloning or compromise. “It is unique to the individual, not something that somebody else decides will be your password, shared secret or token,’ says Ant Allan, research director at the Gartner Group. “Passwords can be learned by various means and tokens can be stolen, but biometrics cannot.” Newer generations of fingerprint scanners, for instance, not only include methods of detecting body heat and blood flow, but can scan characteristics of the finger deeper than the surface layer. This renders attacks via gelatin imprint, pork sausage or grisly dismemberment less likely to succeed.Still, there are challenges. While biometrics are supposed to be unique, they are not necessarily stable over time. Face and voiceprints change constantly, and the latter is vulnerable to variations due to factors as simple as a sore throat. Voiceprint technology is a leading choice for existing communication channels, such as telephone. But, while voice recognition is a winning technology for customer service departments, voice validation is a much newer field.

Interest probably won’t start growing until biometric systems overcome certain problems. Last year, researchers in Japan demonstrated they could fool fingerprint scanners with fake fingers made from readily available materials. Cost is still an issue, with fingerprint scanners at the low end and more sophisticated hand-geometry or eyeball scanners at the very high end. Putting one on every door leading into a building or attached to every PC on a network can be expensive for a business.

credit card

Still, companies that have installed biometric systems say they’ve proven their worth. Analysts believe eventually the technology willbe used widespread for controlling access to buildings, computer systems and networks. This will reduce dependency on passwords and other authentication methods. While sales of biometric technology reached only $93.4 million in 2001, research firm Frost & Sullivan predicts the market will hit $2.1 billion by 2006, with the growth coming mostly from government, law enforcement, financial services, and health care.One big biometrics fan is George Kings. The VP for information services at the Los Angeles Firemen’s Credit Union says critics are wrong when they call biometrics too expensive and unwieldy. Last summer, the credit union spent $40,000 on a fingerprint-scanning system. As a result, its 90 employees no longer have to remember up to 10 passwords to access networks and applications. “We made it really simple,” he says. “Each of the employees just touches the [finger reader] pad at each station and they’re in.” One main problem: Fingerprint scanners sometimes can’t scan if a finger is too dry. Other than that, Kings says the system is reliable and easy. “It’s a lot more secure than passwords.” It also has eliminated a lot of calls to the help desk for password resets, he says, which can cost from $50 to $100 a call.

Who is showing the most interest in biometrics?

Despite the benefits, a survey by Forrester Research finds that 58% of companies have no plans to try biometrics. Only 1% has implemented biometric systems, 3% have a rollout in progress, and 15% are merely testing biometrics. “Most of the activity has occurred at government agencies and defense firms,” says analyst Laura Koetzle. “In the private sector, we’re seeing some usage in pharmaceuticals, financial services, and, to some level, health care.” Private companies, healthcare and financial services firms, in particular, are showing the most interest in biometrics as they react to stiff regulations requiring tougher security and audit trails for workers accessing computer files and data. Others, with substantial assets to protect, such as the pharmaceuticals industry, are also deploying biometrics. “They’ve invested heavily in research and development, and they’re willing to invest in security to protect that investment,” Koetzle says.

Fingerprint scanners are the most widely used biometric technology. Some companies use iris scanners and handprint readers to control physical access to restricted areas. Airports have tested facial-recognition software with mixed results. Bernard Bailey, president and CEO of facial-recognition technology vendor Viisage Technology in Massachusetts, says the technology works well in places where people remain still for a period of time, such as playing cards at a casino. “To say it can automatically spot a criminal in a crowd is over-hyping its capability.”

How is the Federal government using biometrics?

Earlier this year, the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) began testing a voiceprint system to control access to its Business Services website, where employers report earnings and withholding information. The goal is to reduce the cost of mailing passwords to site users. “The SSA processed 250 million W-2 forms last year, and 100 million of those were filed electronically,” says Chuck Liptz, the project manager for the voiceprint initiative. When companies want to access the website for the first time, they apply for access. The SSA sends them a personal ID number via snail mail or E-mail, as well as a letter to the employer to verify that the user seeking access to the site has a legitimate reason for doing so. The supervisor is called by a system made by Authentify Inc. in Chicago, and his or her voice is compared with a previously recorded voiceprint. The supervisor orally approves giving the employee access to the site. The Authentify system connects the Web site and the phone system to provide real-time authentication, using the phone system as confirmation. Because voiceprint biometrics can sometimes produce false positives or negatives when cell phones or different phones are used, the SSA also is using voice-authentication software from Nuance Communications in Menlo Park, California, to reduce those problems and provide an extra layer of security. “We’re hoping that this speeds the process and makes it easier for people to work with us,” Liptz says. He likes the biometric approach because it doesn’t require additional hardware such as scanners or readers. Because it works off the phone system, it integrates easily with the Web site.Biometrics also interests the U.S. Department of Defense. It is testing iris-scanning technology for access control at the Pentagon Athletic Club. The project is voluntary and involves capturing information from a club member’s identification card and iris, says Maj. Steve Ferrell, executive officer at the Biometrics Fusion Center, the testing and evaluation center for the office. The process to put a club member into the biometric authentication system takes about two minutes, and the goal is to eventually eliminate ID cards.

How are healthcare organizations using biometrics?

While military personnel may be accustomed to tough security checkpoints, others find biometrics more of an adjustment. St. Vincent Hospitals and Health Care Center has rolled out a fingerprint reader system in its facilities of up to 3,000 staff and physicians. The deployment has been largely successful according to information security manager Bruce Peck. In the past, each application required its own user name and password to gain access. Now, employees use a fingerprint reader from AuthenTec in Florida and software from SAFlink near Seattle to log on to computers for access to everything from E-mail to medical records. Peck says the system has made it easier for busy doctors. It also has increased security and helped St. Vincent comply with new security regulations governing medical records. “It started as a single-sign-on initiative, and it’s definitely raised the security to access applications.”Not everybody is a fan, though. “The nursing staff is tough. They don’t like change,” Peck says. On a typical hospital floor, nurses use PCs placed on mobile carts, which are connected to a wireless network. The computers, which nurses roll from room to room, are used to access patient records. Peck says most nurses still use passwords to log on and off. “They believe it’s faster for them to use user names and passwords than the fingerprint scanner, but it’s not. That’s just their perception.” The fingerprint scanners are effective about 80% of the time, and problems are mostly the result of dry hands. “We have a real dry-hand problem here because doctors and nurses are scrubbing and disinfecting their hands constantly throughout the day.

How are financial service organizations using biometrics?

The Los Angeles County Employees Retirement Association also turned to fingerprint scanners to increase security and reduce the cost of managing passwords. The association manages retirement, disability, and death benefits for tens of thousands of county employees. “It’s a fact that hackers have plenty of tools to easily crack passwords,” says director of technology services James Pu. Moreover, employees had to store multiple passwords, and the employees, like workers at many large companies, started storing their passwords by writing them down. “That’s not the best way to secure systems,” Pu says.The organization turned to the Nsure system created by Novell in Provo, Utah, to provide centralized ID management via a single log on for all its critical applications, such as member services. Employees gain access to data via a fingerprint scan instead of passwords. Pu says the cost of managing passwords has gone down, while security has gone up. “That’s especially important because the association handles people’s retirement money, and security is a top priority.” The Nsure implementation went smoothly, he says, except for a handful of employees whose fingerprints are very faint.

What’s the future of biometrics?

Companies that successfully deploy biometrics may discover there are other uses for the technology, and the systems can become an integral part of the business process. The L.A. Firemen’s Credit Union is exploring whether it can use its biometric system to develop a way for employees to electronically sign documents and improve workflow. The first pilot will be employee time sheets, says George Kings.One of the most promising arenas for biometrics is in thwarting identity theft, which far outstrips other fraud complaints, according to the Federal Trade Commission. “My company very much believes that biometric technology can virtually eliminate ID fraud and assure you that someone representing himself as a certain person is who he says he is,” says Tom Larson, vice president-strategic development of the fingerprint technology company SAGEM Morpho in Tacoma, Washington.

Biometric IDs will also give a huge boost to online financial transactions, helping to shore up consumer trust in e-commerce. By ensuring that an online buyer is legitimate, biometrics will reduce the risks and costs to sellers. You can expect credit card issuers and e-tailers to encourage the use of biometric identifiers by rewarding purchasers who present biometric ID data online with discounted prices and interest rates.

That same verification capability is leading two states to adopt biometric systems to rein in driver’s license fraud. Georgia has encoded fingerprint data into bar codes on 8 million driver’s licenses. Odds are good that Oklahoma’s legislature will require fingerprint data on licenses later this year. Arkansas, California, Texas, Hawaii and Colorado already collect fingerprints from applicants even though they don’t yet embed the data on licenses. “A biometric scan can’t confirm the identity of a person it is initially registering into a system, but it can prevent multipleregistrations of the same person under different names,” says Dennis Carlton, a director for the consulting firm International Biometric Group in Washington, D.C.

As the availability of biometric databases grows, biometric scans will increasingly be used by employers to check the credentials of prospective employees. At first, it’s likely that prospective employers will use biometrics to determine if a job candidate is on a law enforcement list. Eventually, however, driver’s license databases and voluntary databases assembled by credit reporting agencies, employers and independent ID verification services, will let companies quickly determine whether a candidate is the “real McCoy.”

Of course, several technical and policy hurdles remain to be overcome. Worries about a Big Brother-like database and the lack of technical standards will complicate the compilation and broad use of biometric databases. But mandates included last year in the Patriot Act are beginning to impose standards on the industry. The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology recently recommended the use of fingerprint and facial pattern data for the biometric passports and visas that will be required of all foreign travelers to the U.S. beginning in October 2004. That same combination of biometrics is likely to be adopted for other government and security-related uses, including military IDs and transportation worker IDs that will speed travelers with established risk-free profiles through security checkpoints.

Still, Bruce Peck of St. Vincent’s thinks it will take time before biometrics is widely used, even though he’s happy with his deployment. “The costs are just too high for general acceptance,” he says. In the meantime, Peck has a plan for those change-resistant nurses. “We’re going to eliminate those user names and passwords,” he says. “They’ll have no choice.”

source: http://www.identitytheft911.org/articles/article.ext?sp=71

September 15, 2007

UK Requires Compulsory Fingerprints from Visa Applicants

BANGALORE: Every person seeking to enter the UK from countries outside the European Union, including India, will be fingerprinted prior to being issued a visa, if a proposed law that aims to tighten UK’s borders is passed by British MPs.

A Bill stipulating this and other immigration reforms — the UK Border Bill — is pending before the British Parliament and there’s an urgency now to clear it after the botched terror strikes in London and Glasgow involving foreign nationals.

When it’s in place, the fingerprint of anyone seeking to enter the UK — for work or as a tourist — will be scanned at visa issuing offices and put through criminal/terrorist databases, before clearance.

“UK has introduced biometric fingerprinting as identification in passports to make immigration at entry points easy. Now, plans are to extend it to those applying for visas,” sources said. But there is a silver lining: There has been no knee-jerk reaction or official slowdown on Indian citizens getting UK visas, so far.

Despite UK PM Gordon Brown’s statements over background checks, a British high commission source said: “No changes have been brought in following the recent events in the UK.” On average, 700 to 1,000 visa applications from India are being processed and cleared every day.

Sources said if the applicant has the specified documents outlining purpose of travel, financial position of the person/sponsor and so on, there is no need for even a personal interview for visa. In most cases, if documents are in order, the visa is issued.

Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/UK_plans_to_make_fingerprinting_a_must/articleshow/2205666.cms

UK to outsource biometric visa checks to Mumbai

The UK is to outsource visa application checks “wherever there is an outsource partner”, following trials in its largest visa posts in Mumbai, Delhi and Islamabad. This process, which will be implemented alongside the introduction of biometrics for all visa applications, is intended to cover at least 60 per cent of an annual total of 2.5 million applications by 2008, saving £3.7 million via a reduction of “46 staff years per year”.

The cunning outsourcing plan by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, which handles overseas visa applications, will be implemented as the UK Passport Office tightens security via the introduction of biometrics and by requiring new (and subsequently all) passport applicants attend a personal interview. Which could, one speculates, result in a country it was a hell of a lot easier to get into than out of, but the outsourcing partners will, we feel sure, be thoroughly vetted.

The process, the FCO tells us, “cost just £35,000 to develop” (did they outsource this too?) and allows UK visa staff to advise the outsourcing partner what information is needed. The partner then collects this from the application, puts it into electronic format and passes it on to the British Mission. As biometrics are rolled out, outsourcing partners are likely to deal with this too. “From our experience of fingerprinting in a variety of posts in East Africa,” says the FCO, “we have learned that we can safely scan fingerprints within our outsourced operations.”

The decision to fingerprint all visa applicants was taken after “the success of the Colombo fingerprinting trial in 2003”, which as we noted at the time was so ‘successful that it caught a maximum of xxx fraudsters. In common with other UK Government departments, the FCO claims that the UK “is committed by EU regulations to introducing biometrics into the worldwide visa operation” – as far as the FCO is concerned this is sort of, nearly true, but not quite, and the FCO’s current visa plans are rather different from what it will have to do if it ever really is “committed by EU regulations”.

The EU’s visa plans aren’t directly connected to its biometric passports ones, nor do they directly connect to the FCO ones. European ministers intended to have a blueprint for the introduction of biometric visas in place by the end of last year, but the discovery that the plans didn’t work put things up in the air. Ministers still intend to go ahead with biometric visas, and a trial of a separate visa card is commencing, but as far as we’re aware the European Parliament hasn’t yet been blackmailed into rubber-stamping a firmed-up scheme.

That however is neither here nor there as far as what the FCO is doing is concerned. The European system is intended to be part of the Schengen II/Visa Information System database network, with the biometric visa itself available for checking via standard border control equipment on entry to the EU. The FCO system fingerprints visa applicants in order to give the UK the capability to check for duplicate applications. The EU system means the subject of the visa carries their biometric data with them, whereas the UK’s doesn’t. If the UK is to participate in the EU system then the FCO will have to upgrade (if that’s the word) its plans and issue whatever the EU decides on, either a sticker in the passport or a separate card, probably the latter.

The FCO’s claim to be committed by regulations therefore appears to be based on its pretending that the UK is a signatory to Schengen when it really isn’t. The FCO explains the Schengen position here, so we don’t have to, but the UK’s attitude to Schengen can probably best be summed up as one of being in for the bits we like, but out for the bits we don’t. How ‘in’ we are on this one might turn out to be less clear than is immediately apparent.

Matters will be further complicated if the UK ID scheme flies. Those resident in the UK for over three months will be required to register for a card, so might this process take place via an overseas office on the granting of visas for over three months? How, if at all, will the current/planned FCO system intersect with the ID scheme, or with Europe’s VIS or a European ID card for non-EU residents?

The FCO claims it will cost £77 million to handle 2.5 million biometric visa applications, and our anonymous tipster for this story suggests this might imply a one-off cost of around £1.8 billion for biometric capture of the entire UK, but we’re not so sure. It’s not clear how much of the FCO cost is capital investment or the annual cost of the system, and what the FCO is planning isn’t necessarily comparable to the Home Office’s ID plans. Unless the FCO intends to maintain its own system in splendid, stripped-down isolation, however, we’d expect the actual cost to climb as the need for compatibility with the other systems increases.

Foreign Minister Jack Straw did not however like the ID scheme in the first place, so may not be willing to bust a gut to keep step with it now, particularly given heartening news that Ireland (another non-Schengen country) may junk biometric passports, and that the US might be about to conclude that biometric passports aren’t nearly as much fun as it initially thought.

Source: http://www.theregister.co.uk/2005/06/27/bio_visa_check_outsource/

September 13, 2007

40,000 Schools fingerprint system project – India

“40,000 Schools fingerprint system pilot project (eSSL) inauguration by Hon. Chief Minister of Gujarat, Shri Narendra Modi”

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The Gujarat state government has initiated a pilot project to ensure full enrolment of all eligible students and to reduce dropout rate in primary schools.

The pilot project covers 680 primary schools, 70 Cluster Resource Centres (CRCs) and 4 Block Resources Centres (BRCs) in Narmada district, one of the most backward districts of Gujarat having predominant tribal population and low literacy. It will cover around 2,508 teachers and 76,000 students.

The pilots being implemented by Bangalore based enterprise Software Solutions Lab (ESSL).

In 2003, Gujarat Government had launched “Shala Praveshotsav” (Enrolment Drive) and “Kanya Kelavani Rath” (Girl Child Education Campaign), which has been very successful and is achieving full enrolment of all the eligible students.

However, while the extent of coverage of primary education in the state has been satisfactory, the high rate of dropout is a matter of serious concern.

Having achieved the successful enrolment, the challenge facing the Government is to improve retention and reduce the dropout.

It was discovered that apart from socio-economic reasons, absenteeism of teachers, particularly in tribal areas and remote villages is one of the most important reasons for high dropout rates,

“ All noble initiatives of the State Government lose effectiveness and seriousness, when teachers remain absent without due permission, for a long period. It was, therefore, urgently needed to have a strong and reliable mechanism to monitor attendance of teachers and students,” said a senior official.

A standalone fingerprint biometric machine with external uninterrupted power supply up to 12 hours will be installed in each primary school for recoding attendance of teachers as well as students. At the end of the month, the attendance data is transported to the taluka (Block) HQ in a portable memory device like a pen drive. This attendance data is processed with the help of a software application for getting pay rolls of teachers and other various reports.

The pilot project has great scope of further expansion depending upon its success in Narmada district. The pilot model of biometric attendance system is most likely to be replicated in all other districts of Gujarat if it is tested successfully in district like Narmada.

The expanded project is expected to cover around 40,000 schools, which are to be covered, in a phased manner, in the coming 2-3 years. 

Lift a Finger(print) to Track Employee Time

Automate hourly paid employee timekeeping with eSSL Biometric Time and Attendance System.

“Eliminate Buddy Punching” 

RFID based time and attendance systems have a big loophole: buddy punching. For example: Ram Come Lately, delayed on his way to work, can ask fellow employee Sunil Buddy to swipe Lately’s RFID employee badge through the time clock. The time clock will faithfully record Lately’s attendance before he arrives, and the employer will pay Lately for time that he didn’t work..

Biometric time systems eliminate buddy punching because they are inextricably linked to the employee, not to a token such as an employee badge or a time card.

eSSL eBiome time clock

The eSSL  eBiome time clock is a wall-mountable box with a optical fingerprint scanner, a monochrome backlit four-line LCD, and a numeric keypad with five menu-control buttons. The clock can be directly hooked up to a PC using a serial port, USB connection, or (the way I tested it) connected to a network via ethernet.

Once eSSL eBiome is installed, operations are fairly straightforward. You set up new employees using the eBiome software on the PC. Their fingerprints are then scanned and enrolled using a password-protected administration menu on the eBiome time clock.

“Easy Time Tracking”

The timekeeping process is simplicity itself. To record the start of work, an employee rests the enrolled finger on the eBiome time clock’s fingerprint sensor until it’s recognized. This requires just a second or two and is acknowledged with both a message on the display and an audio tone. To sign out from work, the employee repeats the fingerprint scan.

eSSL Logo - enterprise Software Solutions Lab

Is the eSSL eBiome Biometric Time and Attendance System worth it?

It’s certainly faster and more efficient to use than paper-based manual time tracking systems, and it’s probably more accurate than nonbiometric time systems. If you have five or more hourly paid employees, the system is cost-effective. While the ease of installation and the quality of documentation could be improved, once set up the system is simple enough to use–and it can save your business money by tracking time automatically and accurately.

September 9, 2007

Municipal employees use the fingerprint machine for attendance


A NEW METHOD: Alandur municipal employees use the machine installed by the civic body on Wednesday. TAMBARAM: A Bio Metric Finger Print Attendance Machines each for five locations in Alandur Municipality were installed on Wednesday.

This is the first of its kind in any local body in the southern suburb of Chennai.

The move is aimed at regulating the attendance of employees of the health department and also the general staff.

Municipal chairman R. S. Bharathi, vice-chairman A. Duraivelu and Commissioner N. S. Prema were present during the inaugural function near the Hindu Colony Bus Stand.

The new equipment has been installed at a cost of Rs. 4.5 lakhs from the Municipality’s general funds.

The system was launched to check the roll of attendance of around 300 staff and to ensure that they reported for duty on time. Further, it would also be easier for the municipal staff to prepare pay-rolls.

It would be foolproof, they added.

Initially it was decided to allow only 10 minutes for staff to register their attendance between 6 a.m. and 6.10 a.m., but on request, it was extended till 6.30 a.m.

Officials said the equipment used fingerprint recognition technology to record the attendance of staff.

source: http://www.hindu.com/2007/07/06/stories/2007070654590300.htm

September 6, 2007

India – Sixth Central Pay Commission: Suggestions – should biometric entry/exit be introduced?

source: http://www.india.gov.in/govt/questionreport_printentire.php?qid=16&cat=0&group=G&grptype=G&rpttype=Q

Sixth Central Pay Commission:Suggestions

   
 
  1. New concepts
    • For improving punctuality/introducing new concepts like flexi time, should biometric entry/exit be introduced?We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organisations. On the Basis of the experience drwan from such practice it may be decided whether this system may be general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. to us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Central Food Laboratory Employees Association)

      Honest, sincere and strict supervision can improve the punctuality. Flexi time may create unnecessary hazards. (A.K. Saxena Joint Secretary Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation New Delhi)

      Present system may continue. (Central Government Engineering Drawing Staff Confederation New Delhi)

      Yes, for Improving punctuality/ introducing new concepts like flexi-time, biometric entry/ exit*as one of the reliable enforcing factors may be introduced. (All India Federation of Superintendents of Customs Mumbai)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Joint Platform of Action of Government and Associate Services Employees’ Organisations All India Committee Kolkata)

      On this issue it is suggested that govt and nongovt committee to be formed and both the committee examine the issues, merits and demerits to be check and on the common opinion of the committee, decision will be more beneficial by all aspect. (Loco Running Welfare Association Nagpur)

      We agree with the contents in this para. (Kanpur South Central Govt. Pensioner Welfare Association Kanpur)

      This association feels that biometric entry/exit should be introduced so as to ensure timely attendance and exit. (ALL INDIA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SERVICE ASSOCIATION)

      In Order to ensure punctuality and proper discharge of working any step including introduction of bio-metric entry/exit is welcome. (All India Central Council of Trade Unions (AICCTU) Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organizations. Electronic system introduced by DARPG (formally introduced from 01 July 2001 with the help of REIL) may be introduced (in case of such office where more than 100 employees are working in a building). (All India EDP Employees Group ‘C’ Association Kolkata)

      This is not required if flexi-timings are not to be introduced, however, steps may be taken to improve punctuality. (Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service Direct Recruit Gazetted Officers Association)

      Yes (Aviation Technical Personnel Aviation Research Centre New Delhi)

      Ans. Yes, these systems should be introduced. (Indian Forest Service Association Dehradun Unit Forest Research Institute Dehradun)

      Yes, but for Group ‘B’, ‘C’&’D’ employees only. Group ‘A’ should be excluded due to 24 hours duties & responsibility system and also to meet the disaster management system. (All India Radio & Doordarshan Engineers Association)

      By persuasion and ensuring discipline punctuality can be improved. (National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation Employees’ Association Kolkata)

      This concept is not acceptable to Staff Union. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employees concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospital etc. (India Security Press and Currency Note Press Staff Union Nasik)

      We are given to understand that the system of biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organisations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. (Association of Radio and Television Engineering Employees (ARTEE) New Delhi)

      Punctuality is of paramount importance and can easily be achieved through proper awareness and team participation/counseling. (All India DGMS Stenographers’ Association Dhanbad)

      Yes, such system should be introduced for maintaining punctuality. (All India Medical Laboratory Technologists Association New Delhi)

      Contractual employment may be tried step by step without reducing the security/ commitment etc. (Indian Naval Civilian Design Officers Association)

      Yes. (Central Ordnance Depot Jabalpur)

      Only Nation mindedness and dedicated service to Nation can solve this. (All Pensioners Association and Senior Citizen Council Chennai)

      No comment (Bihar Sahakarita Padhadhikari Sangh Patna)

      This question is so vague in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the respective organisations to whom it relates. (All India Railwaymen’s Federation)

      Yes, they should be introduced. Biometric entry /exit will ensure discipline at all levels of Government servants. (Federation of Railway Officers’ Association New Delhi)

      Yes (Drawing Staff Association Central Electricity Authority)

      In our department, it is not a major problem. If any steps would be taken to improve the punctuality may be acceptable on the basis ground reality. (All India Customs Ministerial Officer’s Association Kolkata)

      Punctuality and flexi time are two different issues. Flexi time is good concept if we work in a corporate way. There has to be value of time. Eight hour should mean strictly eight hour constructive work and not just sitting in the office. Sitting for eight hours in a government office, out of which chatting for six hours cannot be a concept of flexi time. Defined working hours have to be constructively utilised. No body should be under worked. Maintaining punctuality in a government Offices is a Herculean task. Only an attitude towards positive work culture can enforce punctuality. Strict discipline has to be enforced for punctuality. In government offices in general a employee thinks that it doesn’t matter if he is coming late or going early from the office. He thinks that he can finish his work in two hours indicating that he is highly under worked. Besides, no punishment is generally awarded to late comers or early goers. For this a radical change in the work culture of the government offices has to be introduced. Employees should have a fear that action can be taken if they are unpunctual. Besides if an employee is fully loaded with work from the day one he joins the service, he cannot think of being unpunctual. (Geological Survey of India Group A Geology Stream Specific Problems Lucknow)

      yes, Electronic Access System may be workable. Flxi-time may also be workable. (CPWD Architects Association New Delhi)

      For improving punctuality, rules need to be more strict as after a specified number of late comings or early goings from the offices, the proportionate deduction in the pay of concerned employee be allowed. (Central Council of Homoeopathy Anusandhan Bhawan Janak Puri New Delhi)

      May be introduced. (All india EME Civilian Personnel Association Secunderabad)

      Yes. (The Ministerial Staff of CBI ACB Patna)

      New concepts like biometric entry/exit should be introduced in addition to taking disciplinary action under CCS Rules. Suitability of flexi time in Govt offices is questionable. Scientific community may be allowed to have flexi time but not for others. (All India MES Barrack and Stores Cadre Association New Delhi)

      Yes. (All India Central Government Employees Association Mumbai)

      Yes (Geological Survey of India Staff Union Kolkata)

      17.2 Theory of Biometric entry /exist although looks third grade concept, may be introduced by the by , from Top to toe , if punctuality is not improved . (A.I.R.P. Association (BXR Branch) Buxar)

      No comment (Scientific Service Association New Delhi)

      17.2 No. There is no need to introduce flexi time, biometric entry/exit for improving punctuality. Only time bound work with better pay package as of M.P.s1 and Judges’ are required essentially for total improvement and solving all problems. (India Stationery Office Mazdoor Union Kolkata)

      The strict maintenance of attendance registers, which should be on the tables of the heads of offices, in which each and every staff member should sign marking the time of his entry in the office for work and going out even for lunch and tea etc. For violations in respect of strict attendance, a deduction in the number of eligible leave days like earned leave should be prescribed. Even in these matters surprise checks by high officers of the departments or offices is necessary like the surprise checks made by hon’ble Gundu Rao, the Karnataca Chief Minister in the past should be done. (All Bharat Confederation of Senior Citizens & Pensioners)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Central Secretariat Official Language Service Federation New Delhi)

      Not at all, the Government is not temporary and contractual in nature. (All India Federation of Senior Audit Officers and Audit Officers Allahabad)

      Yes (Burdwan University Officers’ Association)

      The system of biometric entry /exist may be introduced ensuring the punctuality of time. (K.V.S Retired Employee’s Society Jaipur)

      There is certainly a need for punctuality and this should again be based on the requirements of any particular department. (Survey of India Stenographers’ Forum New Delhi)

      This concept is not acceptable to GENC. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employees concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospital, etc. (Bhartiya Postal Administrative Offices Employees Union Group C&D New Delhi)

      We are given to understand that the system of biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained for all officers from top-most to the bottom-most levels. To us, it is a question of ethics and morality. (Central Secretariat Clerks’ Association New Delhi)

      Ans: Yes (Central Excise Mangalore)

      These concepts are new in Indian scenario. This require enough study and after studying all points of view only this kind of system may be considered. (Central Govt Non Gazetted Employees Union Shastri Bhavan New Delhi)

      No comments (A G Chacko General Secretary AIFPA Chennai)

      No Comments. (Central P.W.D. Staff Association Kolkata)

      Flexi time may be introduced. (Zoological Survey of India Gazetted Officers’ Association Kolkata)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done win vary from organizations to organization. The respective anizations will formulate their views in this regard.’ (All India Defence Accounts Employees’ Association (HQ) Kolkata)

      Yes, as above, but the biometric entry/exit only for the Group ‘B’, ‘c’ &’D’ employees. The Group ‘A’/Executive officers/employees should be excluded for the biometric entry/exit due to their 24 hours duties & responsibility system and also to meet the disaster management system at any time. (Air and Doordarshan Engineers Association New Delhi)

      This Association agrees with the view that in order to improve productivity as also to suit employee requirements, biometric entry/exit system should be introduced, which will ensure that each employee puts in the prescribed minimum hours at work or get penalized financially. (Railway Board Secretariat Service Group ‘A’ Officers’ Association New Delhi)

      Appropriate importance can be given. (Federation of All India Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Employees Jamia Osmania Hyderabad)

      Applicable to civil services. (VIth Pay Commission Cell (Army) New Delhi)

      Yes. To ensure punctuality biometric entry and exit should be introduced and followed strictly. (Postal and Railway Mail Service Supervisors Association Madurai)

      In government setup the proposed system may not work. (Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training Kochi)

      Human of the era should be ruled with sophisticated system. (The Senior Core of ISRO Satellite Centre Bangalore)

      There is certainly a need for punctuality and this should again be based on the requirements of any particular department. (The Survey of India Stenographers’ Forum Hyderabad)

      17.2 For improving punctuality a new concept like leave encashment every year and change of ACR process should be introduced. (All India Defence Employees EME Technical Association New Delhi)

      New concepts like flexi time and freedom to perform from a place other than office with the aid of the modern IT gadgets may also be required to improve performance rather emphasising on a concept of punctuality which has proved to be elusive as far as government offices are concerned. Hence, the introduction of biometric entry/exit is redundant as long as it does not require an employee to work on machines and plants. (Consumers Investors and Commuters’ Welfare Association Ghaziabad)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. However, punctuality should be uniformly applicable from top to bottom. (Non Gazetted Govt. Officers’ Association Andaman and Nicobar)

      Better administration at all levels will ensure the punctuality. (Statistical and Scientific Employee’s Association New Delhi)

      In case of paramedical employees flexi time concept maybe introduces conditionally but biometric attendance Is not always thought to be helpful as this kind of work has some modulation of time according to load of work. (Medical Staff Association Kolkata)

      For improving punctuality, new concepts like flexi time and biometric entry/exit will be very useful and drawal of salary should be linked to the attendance recorded as per these biometric entry/exit as in private sector. Flexi time will ensure that government employees are able to take care of their families and children in their growing years without compromising their work as government servants. (Indian Postal and Telecom Accounts and Finance Service Group A Officers Association New Delhi)

      Punctuality in Govt offices must be maintained by introducing advanced technology machines like thumbing impression sensors, eyeing sight sensors. It should also be taken into account that, punctuality at entry and exit alone will not streamline the organization and it should be adopted irrespective of any rank / status / cadre. (Draughtsmen Association of Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA) Ministry of Defence Chennai)

      Time bound work should be imposed, and to ensure the time bound program the responsibility is to be fixed on the head of the office. Biometry entry should be made compulsory wherever it is possible. (Andaman & Nicobar Islands State Forest Service Association Andaman & Nicobar Islands)

      17.2 Implementation of biometric entry / exit may be useful in Institutes of high security and organizations of high stature, where the threats of terrorism are on higher end. Where as flexible timing concept is not elaborate as to what way this is perceived. The need of work completion in time and with quality is always held high. (All India Defence Employees EME Technical Supervisors Association New Delhi)

      Response: Biometric or similar exit/entry is a must in the light of above mentioned suggestions. However, in addition, accountability in terms of work output is equally important. (Defence Electronics Applications Lab. Ministry of Defence Dehradun)

      Ans: We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Delhi Nurses Union Delhi)

      All the Government employees should be directed to mark their attendance through Biometric Machines. (Government of India Department of Publication Delhi)

      Yes! Strict measure to improve punctuality be introduced. Flexi time should be at the discretion of the Head of this Estt. (Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) All India Administrative Officers Association Pune)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Delhi Administration Stenographers’ Welfare Association Delhi)

      Yes, for improving punctuality biometric entry and exit may be introduced. (Geological Survey of India Scientific Officers Association (GSISOA) Marine Wing Mangalore)

      Yes (Jharkhand State Stenographers Association Jharkhand)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. The respective organization will formulate their views in this regard. (Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Staff Association)

      Yes (Defence Quality Assurance Officers Association (DGQA))

      No recruitment for fixed time period with very low fixed emoluments is desirable if govt. want its existence in delivery of services. Contracts offered are pretty high. Where the contractors do not pay more. This results into generation of creamy middle agency amounting to the equal fiscal a burden with less equality and integrity & responsibility. This should not be allowed to exist. Contract system leads to vested interests, which decline the efficiency of goods delivery system. Target oriented results in a time bound framework is not achieved. (All India Census Employees Association New Delhi)

      This system would not work in front-line field organizations. However, this can be adopted in a pooled work environment (SRFMT TI STAFF Association A.P)

      A. For keeping up the punctuality, specific provisions have been provided in CCA (Conduct) Rules, 1965. However, new concept for punctuality is a welcoming factor. (Deputy Salt Commissioner (DSC) Salt Department Chennai)

      Introduction of any new concepts is welcome. but it should be transparent, once for all and would be ready to withdraw it at once if it is not accepted by the people. It should keep in mind, alike political leaders, general people of any country think for betterment of his mother land. (Track Engineers (Group C) Eastern Railway Kolkata)

      This again will not be feasible, where it involves interaction with the public. However, the concept of bio-metric entry / exit can be explored. (All India Customs Preventive Service Federation)

      Yes new concepts like flexi time, biometric entry/ exit be introduced to every employee despite his/ her grade/ group. (Himalayan Forest Research Employees Union Shimla)

      Be introduce the new system of biometric entry for the better service to the citizen of India. (Delhi Government Stores and Purchase Officers Association)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Inservice Doctors Federation Gujarat)

      Yes (Ganga Flood Control Commission Ministry of Water Resources)

      Yes. (Akashvani and Doordarshan Library Staff Association Cuttack)

      This is not required if flexi-timings are not to be introduced, however, steps may be taken to improve punctuality. (AFHQ Civil Service (DRG) Officers Asssociation (Recognised) Delhi)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (All India Government Nurses Federation New Delhi)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may he decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a quest. • of ethics and morality. (Group D Staff Association Kolkata)

      Yes (Uttar Pradesh Forest Range Officers Association Lucknow)

      For improving punctually and introducing new concept like flexi time, the biometrics entry/ exit should be introduced for jobs, having no direct with public. (Pensioners Association Madhya Pradesh Bhopal)

      Yes, except in cases where employees are required to be away from their normal place of duty i.e. when people are on tour in the interest of public work. (Geological Survey of India Scientific Officers Association Pune)

      Honest, sincere and strife suspension can improve punctuality. Flexi time will create unnecessary hazards towards the people. However the recommendation of the Vth CPC can be introduced for maintaining punctuality. (All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. The respective organizations should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees organizations. (Class III Service Association Survey of India New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. Honest, sincere and strict supervision can improve it. The respective organisations should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees associations. (National Federation of Technical Railway Employees Ambala Cantt.)

      May be introduced .There are so many factors including transport, political agitations, human & unexpected happenings which also adversely effect the punctuality in attendances of the employees. (Government of India Stationery Office Ministry of Urban Development Kolkata)

      Should be introduced in view of improving punctuality. (Government of India Press Non-Industrial Employees’ Association Howrah)

      No comments. (Indian Railways Technical Supervisors Association Chandigarh)

      Punctuality should be maintained and performance based promotion should be introduced. (The All India Army Ordnance Clerks’ Association 11 Field Ordnance Depot)

      Not required in all Government offices. More appropriate with the safety and security issues. For the offices which include public handling and public services, flexi time will be a good idea with overall increase in the working hours (such as 12 hours per day for all seven days). (Coordination Committee of All IIT Employees Union /Associations)

      Ans: We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (All India Central Labour Welfare Organisation Staff Association Bangalore Regional Committee Mysore)

      Yes, may be introduced. (IFS Association Assam)

      Yes, may be introduced. (Public and Other Interest Group)

      Flexi time for improving punctuality may not be applicable in most cases. However, the system of biometric entry/ exit may impose a stricter discipline amongst the staff with regard to punctuality. The system has been successfully implemented in many leading companies. But the cost implications are enormous. Flexi time however, may be applicable in educational and research oriented organisations where, projects are specifically close-ended and does not depend on day to day, hour to hour progress. (Coast Guard Headquarters National Stadium Complex New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organization to organization. The respective departments should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees organizations. (Income Tax Employees Federation New Delhi)

      Yes, It may improve performance & punctuality (Grade Four Employees Association Delhi)

      Yes (Pondicherry Labour Department Officials Association)

      yes, (All India C.P.W.D. Engineers Association New Delhi)

      Yes biometric entry/exit should be introduced for improving punctuality. But proper and specific job description would also have to be introduced so that in the given time period in the office the employee’s potential is optimally utilized. Just mere presence in the office with under utilized work force would be a total waste of government resources. (IPS Association New Delhi)

      No. (Technical Employees Association of Railway New Delhi)

      Yes, but slowly. (All India Pensioners’ Association Delhi)

      This concept is not acceptable to BCCKM. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employees concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospitai, etc. (Bhartiya Currency and Coins Karamchari Mahasangh Paharganj New Delhi)

      Yes (National Library Gazetted Officers’ Association Kolkata)

      Fixing responsibility to the concerned is more suitable than introducing biometric entry/exit system. (All India Wireless Staff Association Ministry of Water Resources Central Water Commission New Delhi)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology Employees Association Delhi)

      Yes, we are in favor of it. (DRDO Civilian MT Drivers Association Metcalfe House Delhi)

      Not necessary. (Postal Printing Press Employees Union Orissa)

      The punctuality can be enforced by imposing severe penalty so that the improvement can be achieved through this new system suggested. Biometric entry/exit monitoring is long overdue. (Association of Citizens Charter Empowerment and Social Service Delhi)

      Yes (All India Training Officers Federation Chennai)

      Yes. (Ministerial Employees Association Karaikal Distt. Puducherry)

      Yes, it should be introduced. (Bank Note Press Gazetted Officers’ Association M.P.)

      Central Government Office is not a Private agency. (Rashtriya Bhartiya Khani Vibhag Karmachari Sangh Nagpur)

      This concept is not acceptable to BPEU Class-III. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employee concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospital, etc. (BPE Union (Class III) New Delhi)

      Yes (Income Tax Appellate Tribunal Registry Officers Association Jabalpur)

      This concept is not acceptable to NFCMS. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employees concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospital etc., (N.F.C. Mazdoor Sangh)

      New methods for improving punctuality may be considered where ever possible but at the same time employees should have flexibility in their working conditions then only such a concept will be more successful (All India Military Engineering Services (MES) Clerical Cadre Group ‘D’ Employees Association Kanpur)

      17.2 Biometric entry/exit may be successful in some organization, it may not be workable/successful in media organization of the Government / public sector keeping in view the journalistic nature of the work carried out by the personnel employed in such it However, the same may be tried on experimental basis. The concept of flexi-time and part-time job is very constructive and positive one. But the media organization can not be wholly dependent on it. To avoid the break-down in services, specially in broadcasting services, , some regular staff need to be appointed on regular basis. (All India Radio Foreign Language Translators & Broadcasters Association Haryana)

      Use of biometric entry and exit system should be introduced for improving punctuality and proper attendance in the office. (Director General CRPF New Delhi)

      All the Government employees should be directed to mark their attendance through Biometric Machines. (All India Association of Assistant Managers of Government of India Presses and Assistant Controllers of Department of Publications New Delhi)

      New concept like flexi time can help in making employees result oriented. (Krishna Murari General Secretary All India National Savings Gazetted Officers Nagpur)

      Time bound work should be imposed, and to ensure the time bund program the responsibility is to fixed on the head of the office. (Forest Executive Staff Association South Andaman)

      It may not be feasible. (Indian Revenue Service Association (All India Body) New Delhi)

      Yes, but slowly (All India Civilian Store Keeping Personnel Association New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. The respective organizations should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees organizations. (The All India Central Ground Water Board Employees Association Ministry of Water Resources Faridabad)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Indian Museum Employees Welfare Association Kolkata)

      Introduction of these concepts is highly appreciated. (Epidemiology Section Staff National Tuberculosis Institute Karnataka)

      For punctuality at entry/exit most of the establishment had been updated with electronic punching/scanners. Therefore, advanced technology should be introduced such that, thumb impressions sensors, eye sight sensors along with password entries to each employees lime PIN using at ATMs. This will also increase the security aspects. It should also be taken into account that, punctuality at entry and exit alone will not streamline the organization. Officers in most of the formations does not keep their timings. For example when the office begins at 08.00am, the officer arrives at 09.00 am, which means, the miss-guidance of punctuality begins at that point. Therefore, the officer should identify such that, they are among staffs who all are servants to Govt. only then the real punctuality begins. If an officer steps as an example, the punctuality within the staff begins on its own. (All India DGQA Clerical Association Madras)

      No Comments (Executive Officers’ Association Rajasthan)

      No comment. (All India Federation of Central Excise Gazetted Executive Officers Bhubaneswar)

      Comments: Like earlier said, the basic function of any unit is to get the job done. If the supervisory staff is given free hand regarding flexibility of timing, no doubt, ouput will be there which will be advantageous to both i.e. employee as well as employer i.e. Govt. At the same time, it is necessary that staff who is needed for public timing, should follow the norms. So flexibility and punctuality go together depending upon the nature of work assigned to them. (India Meteorological Department Association)

      This concept is not acceptable to BPMS. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employee’s concerned and it should convince the employee’s concerned. Flexi¬time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependent family members in hospital etc. (Bhartiya Pratiraksha Mazdoor Sangh Association Kanpur)

      As in some private sectors, working hours is fixed to allow margin of late coming due to traffic or other hazards but to stay late and complete the job requirements for an 8 hour schedule from the time of arrival. (Kendriya Vidyalaya Retired Employees Forum Chennai)

      Yes (Atomic Minerals Directorate Scientific Officer’s Association New Delhi)

      Present system to be continued (Stevedoring Unit General Employees Association Andaman and Nicobar Islands)

      Yes. (Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Coimbatore)

      This question is so vague in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the respective organisations to whom it relates. (South Western Railway Mazdoor Union Hubli)

      Yes. (The Ministerial Employees Association Karaikal)

      Bio-metric entry/exit system should be introduced for improving punctuality. (Central Water Commission (CWC) New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity for improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organization to organization. The respective organizations should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees’ organizations. Thus by persuasion and ensuring discipline punctuality can be improved. (Pondicherry State Government Employees Association Pondicherry)

      Due to interdependent type of jobs in Government offices, the concept of flexi time with biometric entry/exist is not feasible and may create more problems for the system. (Association of Assistant Directors-II New Delhi)

      Yes, biometric entry/exit concept has been introduced in DRDO Labs. (The Department of Defence Research and Development)

      This to be left to each Department/Organisation on their feasibility. (All India Defence Civilian Clerks’ Association New Delhi)

      Yes, but slowly. (All India Defence Employees Civilian Motor Drivers ‘B’ Vehicle Association (AOC) Delhi)

      Yes, it is required. (Research Centre Imarat Vignyana Kancha Hyderabad)

      This can be introduced on experimental basis and seen how it works. (Save Grain Campaign Regional Office Deptt of Food and Public Distribution Hyderabad)

      We are given to understand mat the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the bash of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Institute of Serology Staff Association 3 Kyd Street Kolkata)

      Any scheme for imparting punctuality is welcome. As said earlier, this aspect should also be taken while imparting training. (All India Federation of Pensioners’ Association Chennai)

      Yes. (Society of Retired Forest Officers Lucknow)

      Yes, as above, but the biometric entry/exit only for the Group ‘B’, ‘C’&’D’ employees. The Group ‘A’/Executive officers/employees should be excluded for the biometric entry/exit due to their 24 hours duties & responsibility system and also to meet the disaster management system at any time. (All India Federation of Engineers New Delhi)

      With flexi-timings, the introduction of recording entry-exit timings would be required. And, the same can be monitored through punching machines log-books etc. (Central Soil and Materials Research Station Engineering Officer Grade A Association)

      This again will not be feasible, where it involves interaction with the public. However, the concept of bio-metric entry / exit can be explored. (All India Postal Officers (Accounts) Association Kolkata)

      Yes. These concepts may be adequately adopted. (Ministry of Urban Development New Delhi)

      Yes, they should be introduced. Biometric entry /exit will ensure discipline in all levels of Government servants. (IIS Group ‘A’ Officers’ Association New Delhi)

      No (Central Excise Gazetted Executive Officers’ Association Lucknow)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Jamia Administrative Staff Association New Delhi)

      no comments (Central Excise Executive Officers Association Nasik)

      The basic function of any unit is to get the job done, if supervisory staff is given free hand regarding flexibility of timing, no doubt, output will be there which will be advantageous to both i.e. employee as well as Govt. At the same time, it is necessary that staff needed for public timing should follow the norms. So flexibility and punctuality go to gather depending upon the nature of work assigned to them. (CPWD Junior Engineers’ Association(India) New Delhi)

      Flexihours : Flexitiming is not workable in a govt set-up. Use of Biometric System for entry/exit is recommended. (Directorate of Architecture Integrated HQ of MoD New Delhi)

      Introduction of biometric entry / exit be welcomed. As it would promote punctuality and discipline among employees. Further, there will be no bias in implementing these measures. Also, information about the extent of compliance will be readily and easily available to enforcing authority. (Mechanical Engineers Association Ministry of Defence Kolkata)

      Yes. Flexi time with biometric entry/exist can be thought of. However, care should be taken to avoid contradictin in application of flexi time vs. punctuality and output/performance of workforce. (Indira Gandhi National Open University Officers’ Association New Delhi)

      Let pay commission not bother about it. Let it ensure just the performance is demanded both by the administration and the public. (NGNUF All India Association)

      Yes. However, the some of the revenue department where the mobility of the officers are essential such system are of no avail. Further today in the age of mobile Internet the concept of OFFICE are getting blurred. (The All India Association of Central Excise Gazetted Officers Rajkot)

      Yes, it is required. (Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) Technical Officers Association Pune)

      Central Government Office is not a Private agency. (Indian Bureau of Mines Scientific Officers Association Nagpur)

      Yes, agreeable to limited extent, but to be adhered into oneself, before it is exercised as lesson. The flexi-time can be attempted in disciplined order in Government. (All India Akashvani & Doordarshan Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Employees Welfare Association)

      There is no second opinion that punctuality is required to be improved. As fas as the employees working in i8ndustries are concerned there is full proof system for maintaining this through recording of entry/exit time. The process is required to be devised/ streamlined for all group of employees working in offices. (ordnance factory)

      Yes new technology should be introduced (Indian Foreign Service Association Ministry of External Affairs)

      Yes, for improving punctuality/introducing new concepts like flexi may be introduced. (All India Association of Central Excise Gazetted Executive Officers Unit Indore)

      Yes. (A.G.U.P Pensioners Association Allahabad)

      Yes. Apart from that all Gazzetted officers and above, must be brought under this system. Presently all such officers not covered under this system. Unless and until all Gazetted Officers and above are not made essential to mark attendance the punctuality could not be maintained. (Technical Executive Officers’ Association Delhi)

      Yes. It is suggested instead of mere punctuality, efficiency and quick disposal of work should be given preference. (Govt. of NCT Employees Welfare Association New Delhi)

      Yes. (Centre for Advanced Technology Scientific Officer’s Association Indore)

      Flexi time may lead extra expenditure of the Department. (All India Postal Accounts Officers Association Kolkata)

      No. Mere talking of punctuality will not deliver the goods unless the State provide sufficient transport for commutation. (AFHQ ISOs Association New Delhi)

      There is no second opinion that punctuality is required to be improved. As far as the employees working in industries are concerned there is full proof system for maintaining this through recording of entry/exit time. The process is required to be devised /streamlined for all group of employees working in offices. (All India Association of Non-Gazetted Officers of Ordnance & Equipment Factories and Quality Assurance Organisations Jabalpur)

      No recruitment for fixed time period with very low fixed emoluments is desirable if govt. want its existence in delivery of services. Contracts offered are pretty high. Where the contractors do not pay more. This results into generation of creamy middle agency amounting to the equal fiscal a burden with less equality and integrity & responsibility. This should not be allowed to exist. Contract system leads to vested interests, which decline the efficiency of goods delivery system. Target oriented results in a time bound framework is not achieved. (All India Census Employees’ Association Ahmedabad)

      For employees demonstrating better attendance and punctuality some form of incentive may be considered. (Central Water and Power Research Station Pune)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Stenographers Association CPWD Sewa Bhawan R K Bhawan New Delhi)

      Not only the flexi time and biometric entry / exit system is very much required in all government offices to increase the punctuality but also the impartial attitude of work managers. (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Officers Association Tarapur)

      Suitable system but effective implementation required. (Central Government Fishing Seamen Association F S I Complex Cochin)

      Yes, strict punctuality requires to be maintained. (All India Training Officers Federation New Delhi)

      Yes. (Atomic Centralised Administrative Cadre Officers Association Mumbai)

      Please see para 17.1. Biometric logging-in and out may still be introduced to ensure that the employee is at his/her workplace/station for the duration specified till means to quantify outputs – both qualitatively and quantitatively -are put in place and streamlined (Defence Service Officers’ Institute Kerala)

      Punctuality is not a question. An individual can be punctual but what matters is that at the end of the day what is the output, the individual has delivered. (Chief Port Administrator Port Management Board A&N Islands)

      No. If the top officials maintain the punctuality, those under them will also perform well. (Central Institute of Brackishwater Aqaculture Chennai)

      Yes, it should be introduced where needed. (Indian Ex Services League Punjab and Chandigarh)

      Introduction of flextime is not desired biometric entry/exit may introduced. (Central Action Committee Highly Skilled Grade-I Jabalpur)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. The respective organization will formulate their views in this regard. (Central Staff Association of DGE & T (CSAD) Kolkata)

      Mere introduction of flexi time, biometric entry/exit is not going to improve punctuality. Accountability will automatically improve punctuality. (Madras Export Inspection Agency Employees Association Chennai)

      17.2 Honest, sincere and strife suspension can improve punctuality. Flexi time will create unnecessary hazards towards the people. However the recommendation of the Vth CPC can be introduced for maintaining punctuality. (Prosthetic and Orthotic Workshop Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation(PMR) AIIMS New Delhi)

      No (Commercial Intelligence and Statistics Employees Association Kolkata)

      This question is so vague in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the respective organisations to whom it relates. (Joint Consultative Machinery for Central Government Employees New Delhi)

      Concept of contractual appointment is considerable in following area (i) in case of group ‘D’ employees who are supposed to serve as security guard, peon and non-technical helper. (ii) other area of contractual appointment may be the project for specific period. (iii) In place of permanent appointment for all posts some posts can be filled by deputation amongst the interested/willing Central Govt. Deptt/State Govt. employees of the state, the deputation is needed. It may increase the punctuality up to some extent. (The Indian Hospital Pharmacists Association New Delhi)

      AS DECIDED BY THE COMMISSION (Civil Aviation Department Employees Union Chennai)

      No, there is no need to do this. (Ministry of Railways Delhi)

      A|is, This again will not be feasible, where it involves interaction with the public. However, the concept of bio-metric entry / exit can be explored. (Confederation of the Central Government Workers & Employees Kolkata)

      This again will not be feasible, where it involves interaction with the public. However, the concept of bio-metric entry / exit can be explored. (Confederation of Central Government Gazetted Officers Organisations)

      Yes. This can be introduced in all Government Offices. (Ministerial Staff of Metropolitan Transport Project (Railway) Chennai)

      Improving punctuality, uniform civil service duty hours to be introduced either peoples are working in industrial sector or purely working in office side. Computerized Punching system for attendance is to be introduced for the timely delivery of service to the Indian public. (India Clerical Employees Association Ambarnath)

      Yes. (Group B Association)

      Yes, may be introduced. (Paschim Railway Sthaniya Lokadhikaar Samiti Mumbai)

      17.2 New concept like flexi time should be introduced. (Association of Civilian Class Gr A Officers Survey of India Dehradun)

      The questions is very vague in the light of varied types of employees we represent all over the country. Various employees organisations would reply it. (All India State Employees Coordination Committee Central Office Chandigarh)

      Yes. (National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped Mumbai)

      yes (All India Passport Employees Association New Delhi)

      This could be discussed. (CSSS Gazetted Officers’ Association New Delhi)

      Yes, biometric entry/exit with flexi time system may be introduced (Directorate General Factory Advice Services and Labour Institutes (DGFASLI) Gazetted Officers Association Mumbai)

      We must introduce proper enforcement of punctuality in public office so that public is assured of availability of a public authority when they try to approach them. A system of Monday a public day and Tuesday a day for public representatives adopted in Gujarat is proving very useful there. It needed to be adopted every where. (Indian Administrative and Civil Service (Central) Association New Delhi)

      The time for flexi- office time has not yet arrived in our country; biometric entry/exit may be introduced for all employees in government. (The UP IAS Retired Officers Association Lucknow)

      New ways should be devised in such a manner that an employee does not feel harassed and punctuality is improved. (All India Narcotics Department Ministerial Officers Association Rajasthan)

      Yes (All India Association of Civilian Assistant Security Officers)

      AIOTA recommends application of new concepts as biometric entry/exit, flexi time etc. (All India Occupational Therapists’ Association New Delhi)

      Yes it will be difficult to monitor and need extra staff. (Senior Citizens Welfare Society Patiala)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Madhya Pradesh Sahayak Pashu Chikitsa Shetra Adhikari Sangh Bhopal)

      We are given to understand that the system of Bionieiric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it mav be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should he maintained. To us it is a question of etl , and morality, (All India Civil Accounts Employees Federation Calcutta)

      The existing system may be continued, as the new concept requires huge fund which is useless in small unit like Post office. (All India Savings Bank Control Employees’ Union West Bengal)

      Yes. Flexi time with biometric entry/exist can be thought of. However, care should be taken to avoid contradiction in application of flexi time vs. punctuality and output/performance of workforce. (Central University Employees Co-Ordination Committee New Delhi)

      This again will not be feasible, where it involves interaction with the public. However, the concept of bio-metric entry / exit can be explored. (All India Accounts & Audit Officers’ Association Mumbai)

      We have been feeling earlier also that technical staff may be given additional emoluments for their qualifications and the linked odd duty hours. As a first step, we must ensure their promotion inter alia maintaining their social status vis-a-vis their counterparts in Administrative Services by providing in-cadre scales or by such other methods. Secondly, there should be even a requisite non-practicing allowance to the extent of 30 to 40% of their basic pay, etc. (Central Electrical Mechanical Engineers Group A (DR) Association of CPWD)

      Punctuality needs very considerable improvement, Biometric entry/exit method would be useful. However, a lot more strict supervision, personal example by senior officers and, in suitable cases appropriate punishment may also be useful. (Retired Senior Police Officers’ Association Uttar Pradesh)

      Biometric entry/ exit may be introduced for improvement of punctuality. (National Test House Kolkata)

      Please call it anything – bio-metric, time-monitored etc. There must be’ a device and a register, to check/monitor the outside movement of every member of the staff every day. The man-hours loss this way in different departments in every place in the country has been very high. This must be first checked. No amount spent on this requirement would be a waste, as the return is oriented towards work-discipline and office-image. (The Karnataka Government Pensioners’ Association Bangalore)

      • We may suggest later. (All India Railway Protection Force (RPF) Association New Delhi)

      Yes. Depending on the specific functioning of the office. As to be decided by the Scientific Organizations/Advisory set up at highest level. (Government of India Directorate of Estates New Delhi)

      There are no views furnished. (All India Central P.W.D. Office Staff Association New Delhi)

      No comments. (Indian Meteorological Department Non Gazetted Administration Staff Association New Delhi)

      Yes (Technical Gazetted Officers Association New Delhi)

      We are given to understand the system of Biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (All India Malaria Workers Association Delhi)

      This question is so vague in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the respective organisations to whom it relates. (South Central Railway Mazdoor Union 7C Railway Building Secunderabad AP)

      Yes (Sardar Sarovar Construction Advisory Committee Ministry of Water Resources)

      Introduction of punching / swipe card for mustering will help to retain the good punctuality of biometric entry / exit. (Technical Assistants’ Association)

      Yes. (Indian Telecom Service Association New Delhi)

      Be introduce the new system of bipmetric entry for the better service to the citizen of India. (Member of Delhi Radiographers Welfare Association Shahadra)

      Flexi time is not advisable but biometric entry/exit should be introduced it should include all from low level till head of the Company. So as close monitoring of employees is appreciated. (Hyderabad Security Printing Press Mazdoor Union Hyderabad)

      There is no time of working of Revenue Staff at the call cf circumstances, we have to work. (All India Land and Revenue Employees Welfare Association Delhi)

      For improvement in punctuality new concepts like flexi time and biometric entry/exit be introduced. But grant of any kind of leave should not be refused. When 08 days Casual Leave & 30 days Earned Leave are authorized to the employees, they should be allowed liberty to avail leave stands in their leave account. Necessary amendment in the leave rules be proposed in this regard. (All India NCC Defence Employees Association Maharashtra)

      Yes. (Scientific Officers Association Geological Survey of India Cochin)

      Yes. (N.T.C. Employees Association Indore)

      Flexi time concept with result oriented output may be desirable (EEPZ Ministry of Commerce & Industry Mumbai)

      Electronic card access systems are already in use in many of the government offices. Though it started with security as prime objective, it is capable of serving the above needs. This can be promoted in more offices. (Scientist / Engineer-SC (Electronics) India Space Research Organisation Ahmedabad)

      Persuasion and ensuring discipline can improve punctuality. (National Library Employees Association Kolkata)

      17.2 Strict measures should be adopted to maintain the punctuality (Central Pension Union Kanpur)

      It may be introduced to some sectors. (All India Defence Accounts Association Pune)

      If flexi time concept is introduced then only it is possible to introduce biometric entry/ exist. Otherwise it is not fair to introduce such type of entry/exist system, as the employees face a lot of problems in coming to office as most of them are living far away from office premises mainly in metropolitan cities and townships as they are not capable of paying the high rent for accommodation nearest to office area. (Armed Forces Headquarters Employees Association New Delhi)

      For improving the punctuality it is not fair & affective to introduce the new concept of flexi time and biometric entry / exit as it will lead to inefficiency red tapism and hardship in the office working. It would be difficult in this system to access the dealing personnel. This will adversely effect the coherent and co-ordinate working. (All India Federation of Diploma Engineers)

      Efforts must be made to improve punctuality (Anthropological Survey of India Ministry of Culture Kolkata)

      Yes, if necessary. (WPC & Monitoring Group ‘A’ Officers’ Association Delhi)

      Only responsible empolyees should be employed as regular Govt. servants/officers and rest may be on contractual appointments as per requirements time to time. (Uttrakhand Pradesh Congress Committee Dehradun)

      Entrance gates should be closed to introduce punctuality in attendance. No concession for those who could not enter due to controllable reason. (Association of Retired IAS Officers Bihar)

      Yes, but slowly. Monthly apprisal report system, with copy endorsement to employees. (All India MES Civilian Engineers Association New Delhi)

      Yes, should be introduced with adequate monitoring mechanism in place. (Indian Forest Service Association New Delhi)

      Yes (All India Association of Clerical Employees of Ordnance Factories Ishapore West Bengal)

      This union agrees with the concept of flexi time. (WPC and Monitoring Non Gazetted Staff Union Madangir New Delhi)

      The new concept of flexy time could be introduced Introducing new concept- flexi time can improve functionality and time bared completion of job* There is no harm to introduce bio-matric entry/exit time to ensure proper puncuality but any system introduced in the Country must be applicable for the entire lot. Humbly submitted, if i?WA- TJAJA PARK -25 -ever you have/seen the availability of ‘MPs/MLAs/Councillors in the Houses, which is the highest Forum of India but there in seen very thin, presence of MPs/MLAs. In the absence of verification of the records, it cannot be said whether the Hon’ble Commission will be able to tight the puncu&lity position in the houses too. (Welfare Association Residents of Raja Park(Regd.) Delhi)

      Same as above. (Association of Scientific Assistants National Test House Kolkata)

      We agree with your suggestion in question No. 17.2 that punctuality is a pre¬requisite essence for survival and growth of any organization and hence welcome your suggestion to introduce biometric entry/exist system. (National Defence Non Gazetted Staff Association Lourdes Bldg Rambaug Lane No 6 Murbad Road Kalyan)

      Yes (Association of DAVP Professionals Soochna Bhawan CGO Complex Lodhi Road New Delhi)

      17.2 Introducing concepts like flex-time will improve punctuality and productivity. (spices board)

      This system would not work in front-line field organizations. However, this can be adopted in a pooled work environment (Staff Association (NGO))

      Ans: Punctuality is a required thing but the same is not synonymous with efficiency. Bio-metric entry/exit is not a panacea which may cure the illness afflicting the Governmental organ. Strict enforcement of the existing rules and regulations and a dedicated cadre is what is required for improving Government services. (All India Railway Accounts Staff Association Mumbai)

      Flexi time and bio -metric entry/exit can be experimented in some technical areas where continuous engagements is not required. (All India Station Masters Association New Delhi)

      Yes, it can be done. (Indian Civil Accounts Officer’s Association New Delhi)

      It is suggested that a national level convention may be called for discussion on the above subject. (All India Association of Statistical Investigators Delhi)

      Yes. (Hanuman Nagar Colony Hyderabad)

      Honest, sincere and strict supervision can improve punctuality. Flexi time will create unnecessary hazard towards the people. However, the recommendation of Vth CPC can be introduced for maintaining punctuality. (National Sample Survey Employees Organisation Kolkata)

      Present system may continue. (All India Engineering Drawing Staff Association New Delhi)

      Strict sense of discipline and motivation for work to be developed at all level of administration. (All India State Government Employees’ Federation Kolkata)

      There is a necessity of improving the punctuality. what should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organizations. The respective organizations will formulate their views in this regard. (Confederation Of Central Government Empolyees and Workers New Delhi)

      Yes (Defence Research and Development Organisation Vechicles Research and Development Establishment Ahmednagar)

      17.2. There is no compromise in maintaining punctuality in the office. Web camera can be installed in office to see the movement of employee in the office. (All India Census Electronic Data Processing Staff Association Ministry of Home Affairs)

      Punctuality in Govt. offices must be enforced with all the strictness and for that any modern measures like biometric/ entry / exit must be introduced. (MK Bakshy Air Force Association)

      Yes. New concepts like flexi time and biometric entry/exixt may be introduced for improving punctuality. (Civil Engineering Draughtsmen Welfare Association Civil Construction Wing Delhi)

      No. (Industrial Employees Union Kolkata)

      Concept of flexi time can be experimented as it appear to be quite practical in most Govt. offices in the present socio-economic setup. (Draughtsmens’ Cartographic Association Dehradun)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. In our opinion, persuasion and ensuring discipline and punctuality can be improved. Honest, sincere and strict supervision can improve it. (All India Association of Ministerial Staff (Group C) Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation Bhopal)

      Biometric entry – exit system must be introduced in all offices. This will greatly reduce late coming of staff. (Association of Retired Forest Officers Andhra Pradesh)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a quest of ethics and morality. (Central Drugs Laboratory Staff Association KYD Street Kolkata)

      Yes. (Arunachal Pradesh Secretariat Employees Association (APSEA) Itanagar)

      Yes. (Eastern Railway Engnieers’ Association Kolkata)

      Not advisable /Fair. (Indian Railway Singal and Telecommunication Staff Association Gorakhpur)

      Desirable provided they are strictly implemented for all levels of organisation. (Indian Forest Service Association Maharashtra)

      Biometric machines should be installed in all larger organizations to improve the punctuality. (Town and Country Planning Organisation)

      It depends upon the nature of work carried out by the departments (Federation of Puducherry Government Employees Associations Puducherry)

      This question is so vogue in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the relates. respective organisations to whom it (Geological Survey of India Employee’s Association Hyderabad)

      • We may suggest later. (All India Railway Protection Force (RPF) Association Railway Board Rail Bhawan New Delhi)

      Punctuality is one thing which has to be strictly enforced at each level and by what ever means. Punctuality is the key to Discipline and good governance. (Indian Defence Service of Engineers Association)

      This concept is not acceptable to GENC. The pre¬ condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employees concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospital, etc. (Postal Employees Federation New Delhi)

      Yes, it is required. (DRDO STAs Association ADE Branch Navin Market Kanpur)

      This would adversely affect the morale of Govt. Servants, hence this should be discouraged. (Civil Accounts Association Category III (Group C & D) Patna)

      Yes (Federation of U.P. Pensioners Lucknow)

      For us understanding of work biometric is very difficult. If it is concerned with mustering in and out of personnel even during normal time using computer, such system already functional in an establishment like ours and may be in existence elsewhere also. However, introduction of such system now gives to us an impression that such system is introduced without the force of law. In any case, no importance need be given to this concept now. (GTRE Employees Union Gas Turbine Research Establishment CV Raman Nagar Bangalore)

      Performance linked service conditions for which every person is accountable for their targets will definitely make the person punctual. In addition introduction of biometric entry/exist will yield better result. (NBCC Limited Agartala)

      This question is so vague in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the respective organizations to which it relates. (N.F.Railway Mazdoor Union Guwahati)

      Should be re-evaluated. However, the status quo should be maintained till reevaluation. (All India National Cadet Corps Defence Civilian Employees Association Lucknow)

      Punctuality should be improved and maintained. For this chip based card system, which is required for entry and exit should be introduced. The concept of flexi-time is neither practicable nor justified. (All India Central P.W.D. Employees’ Union New Delhi)

      Yes, excluding the group A service officers as they are more mobile in view of their job requirements and any Entry/ Exit record may necessitate more paper work for explanations and substantiating their movements. (Power Engineers Association Central Electricity Authority)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Gujarat State Employees Confederation Gandhinagar Gujarat)

      We understand that the system of Biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be considered whether the system could be introduced in general. (AIR and Doordarshan Stenographers Association New Delhi)

      In order to ensure punctuality and proper discharge of worker any step including introduction of bio-metric entry/ exit is welcome. (All India Central Govt. Health Scheme Employees Association New Delhi)

      No (All India Central Labour Welfare Staff Association)

      As mentioned above. (E.S.I.S. Hospital Worli Mumbai)

      Yes, but slowly. (Confederation of Defence Recognised Association (CDRA) Delhi)

      Yes (Income Tax Appellate Tribunal Bar Association Maharishi Karve Marg Mumbai)

      Family Pension : On the death of the employee the spouse should not receive less pension but should continue to receive same pension and allowances until the youngest child is 25 years of age. (Air Force Association (Western Zone) Pune)

      By persuasion and ensuring discipline punctuality can be improved. (Zoological Survey of India Staff Association Gr C and D (Regd) Kolkata)

      Yes, it should be introduced. (Northen Railway Mens Union New Delhi)

      Now new tactics is required to be introduced as the government employees are already punctual. There is already the provision of maintaining an attendance register in the supervisor of a Gazetted officer as per Office Procedure Manuel. The higher authorities may also check the attendance by surprise/regular personal visits and also call the attendance register. Moreover, the tactics of biometric entry/exit can’t be applied in the case of the field offices. Actually, it is devised for the industrial labour class engaged in the true sense productivity of the goods. The productivity produced by the Govt. employees is, actually, in the field of the services and they can never be given a treatment like an industrial labour. Even more, the reporting officers would not be able to assess the punctuality of the officers under them to fill up the said column in the ACR from by the use of the biometric system of entry/exit. Now, they are able to do it very well because of the attendance register being in their direct custody & regular supervision. It is also well pertinent to mention that the Govt. employees are already doing work rather beyond the duty hours due to being over work-loaded & facing acute shortage of the staff with the lack of basic amenities and other requirements. Such tactics can never be applied in the case of the Superintendents of Central Excise as they are the field works already doing their duties in the oddest hours of the day as well as night. They are working in the early hours of the morning, late hours in the night and the midnight without taking rest irrespective of the weather either it is severe cold or acute heat or high rains. Actually, they are already performing their duties beyond the prescribed duty hours. (All India Federation of Central Excise Gazetted Executive Officers Delhi Unit)

      Bio-metric attendance machines may be introduced to monitor the attendance of officers/staff. This should be enforced strictly. (Foreign Trade Employees Union)

      Fixed the responsibility and get the work. (GEODESY Kolkata)

      Biometric entry/exit for all officers and staff. Discharged armed forces personnel should be recruited through exams in Central Sectt. (Ishwar Datt Charitable Trust Delhi)

      May be introduced at selective cases. (Indian Forest Service Association Tripura Unit)

      Bio metric entry/exit should certainly be introduced wherever possible. (Securities Appellate Tribunal Mumbai)

      Yes. (Nagarik Hakka Samrakshan Manch Pune)

      Yes. (Senior Citizen Resident Welfare Association Delhi)

      Yes. (Animal Welfare Board of India Chennai)

      This could be specified by the proposed study group as suggested above. (Commercial Intelligence Union Kolkata)

      Sufficient transportation facility is to be provided. (Kendreeya Sarkar Hindi Karmachari Sangh Kerala)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry / exist has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Rastriya Natya Vidhayalaya Workers Union)

      Yes. This will improve the delivery of service and waiting time for the public to get any service from Govt. departments. (National Productivity Council New Delhi)

      No. (Uttariya Railway Mazdoor Union Ludhiana Branch)

      Yes. (Union Territory of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli)

      The flexi time is a good concept but not only the entry and exit time control is sufficient to improve the Govt. Sector working. It is widely seen that some one, who is a good worker having rush of work where as those who are getting pay as pension having on burden being not sincere. The system not want to waste its energy to tight up such employee, who are neither good worker nor sincere to their assigned work. It is there fore suggested to provide out put generating system and an individual should be analyzed periodically not yearly and grading system of performance(A to E) should be introduced in place of ACRs, which should not be confidential but be circulated quarterly by the controlling officer so that efforts can be made to improve the working. (All India Railway Engineers Federation Jhansi)

      No. (Scientific Officers Association Geological Survey of India Jabalpur Unit)

      Yes, biometric (use of this technology). (DANICS Association Delhi)

      Yes, Biometrice entry/ exit should be introduced. (Western Railway Engineers Association Valsad Branch)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. The respective organizations should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees organizations. (The Association of Junior Engineers Central Water Commission Ministry of Water Resources Faridabad)

      YES. (Universities Officers Association West Bengal)

      For improving punctuality, strict and quick disciplinary action is required. (Office of the Supdt of Police Neemuch Bhopal)

      ANS: Should be left to organizations to decide. (National Human Rights Commission New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organisation to organisation. The respective organizations will formulate their views in this regard. (Commercial Audit Association of Assistant Audit Officers and Section Officers)

      May be tried. (CRI Employees Union Kasauli)

      By introducing flexi time. (Ministry of Health Family Welfare Department of Ayush Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine)

      For improving punctuality, rules need to be more strict as after a specificied number of late comings or early goings from the offices, the proportionate deduction in the pay of concerned employee be allowed. (Central Council of Homoeopathy)

      yes, biometric entry should be introduced in the Govt. Offices. (Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha Janakpuri New Delhi)

September 5, 2007

Automated Time & Attendance Systems – A better approach

Companies of all sizes use time and attendance processes to gather information about the amount of time employees spend on the job. The most common tracking is the capture of an accurate time each employee reports to work and the actual hours they spend on the job. Other companies track detailed information on each work task or job that is performed during the day.

Time tracking devices were invented many years ago to help ease the burden of manually recording time and attendance data on paper. IBM was originally called International Time Recorder, located in Endicott, NY. Antique pendulum based wall clocks can be found in today’s market that were adapted to manually record data to paper based cards.

Small companies still utilize time clock systems because they are economical and easy to use. Just plug the clock into the wall, set the time and start recording work hours. No special computer skills are required to utilize the equipment. Several leading American manufacturers still produce these clocks which are sold in the office products retail market.

Automated Time & Attendance Systems provide an alternative to mechanical time clock systems or paper-based timesheets.

The time punch clock, or paper timesheet, is replaced with an electronic badge reader. The employee swipes an ID badge through the reader at the beginning and end of the work period. The badge reader data is copied regularly to a PC running a Time Attendance Software application that will automatically create timesheets for each employee.

Other alternatives for tracking time and attendance are biometric time clocks, web-based computer login stations, Interactive voice response (IVR) – telephony, and portable devices such as barcode scanners.

Time & Attendance Software allows companies to track and evaluate the performance and work activities of employees using a single software application. Time & Attendance Software enables employers to store, track and organise the most important employee time related information in one place. Everything needed to track and monitor employee activities and management processes is available on a computer.

Companies with large number of employees usually need to install severall Time & Attendance machines. In this case, networking becomes important. RS-485 and RS-422 network protocol is commonly applied for Time & Attendance networking. Some systems use more robust and friendly networking technology such as Ethernet and WiFi.

Prices vary depending on needs, with a small business system costing a few hundred dollars/pounds and larger systems supporting many complex functions costing several thousands of dollars/pounds. A Time & Attendance System will protect a company from potential payroll fraud, provide electronic data and will give employees confidence in the accuracy of salary payments.

September 4, 2007

Biometrics and “Return On Investment”

 

At this time of tight budgets, the mantra of business is “Return On Investment!” With few exceptions, expenditures are measured against the bottom line. Outlays for capital expenses are strictly evaluated in terms of profitability and the total cost of ownership. The era of purchasing new gadgets due to their “whiz-bang” factor is long gone. How can biometrics provide the sought after “R.O.I.” in this environment?

A biometric hand reader prevents a felon from entering your office or warehouse. Can this preventive measure be assigned a dollar amount? A fingerprint scan stops an unauthorized person from gaining access to your computer system. Can a value be determined?

Confusion about the cost benefits of implementing biometric technology has several origins. For example, a business may have never conducted an audit of its critical data and physical assets. This lapse may cause them to have no idea of their value if those assets are lost or compromised. A company may also be unaware of its down-stream liability if their negligence results in damage to other firms or individuals. The costs of the resulting legal consequences and liability can often be overlooked.

In fairness to many businesses, it is difficult to assign a cost to these types of issues because they represent an uncertain, and hopefully unlikely, eventuality. However, as remote as that eventuality may seem, every day many firms face stunning financial losses due to theft, fraud and legal settlements.

Are there areas of the enterprise that can clearly show the profitability of adopting biometric solutions? Predictably, the greatest profits are realized in the applications that are considered the strongest for biometrics: “system access.”

High on the list of frustrations for many companies is the plague of password problems surrounding their information systems. Denial of access, expired and forgotten passwords, log-on failures and other fiascos affect productivity and consume help desk resources. Biometrics can offer a cost effective cure for this dilemma. A formula for evaluating the R.O.I. can be roughly determined using a simple legal pad. A survey is conducted to determine the amount of time the help desk spends on password and access problems during the course of their day. After collecting this data for 30 days, calculate the percentage of hours spent on access issues against the total hours of help desk operation. This will provide a general baseline for determining the cost of these issues. For some firms it will be miniscule, but for other companies it may loom large and need attention. Surprisingly, many surveys reveal that approximately 30% of help desk resources are devoted to access and authentication issues. Estimated costs can then be calculated by evaluating the help desk’s time spent addressing these problems. If it is 20% of daily activity, for example, calculate that percent as a dollar amount of the total help desk cost. Over the course of a year, it would not be uncommon to have an annual recurring charge of $200 to $300 per employee for access issues. This dollar drain does not even consider that the hours dedicated to these repetitive tasks could be better spent elsewhere by the I.T. staff. This diversion of time and talent results in a double impact on the bottom line.

The introduction of a biometric access solution can provide benefits on different levels often resulting in reduced expenses and stronger authentication. For example, fingerprint-scanning devices for access to data and computer systems are now being adopted in greater numbers. The costs of this hardware and its supporting software can vary from an inexpensive simple fingerprint pad reader or biometric mouse to more comprehensive enterprise solutions involving the use of resident servers or licensing arrangements. A key factor in the business decision to install these technologies is to consider carefully the one-time expense for these applications and hardware versus the ongoing costs of maintaining a current system of access support with its annual and repetitive expenses.

In summary, by utilizing biometric technology to effectively deal with the issue of control and access, the enterprise may create a system that provides safer and more secure authentication at a greater savings to the bottom line- a true case of a better “R.O.I.”

Terrence F. DohenyPresident/CEOBeyond If Solutions, LLC

www.beyondifsolutions.com

Terrence Doheny is President and CEO of Beyond If Solutions which provides advanced technologies for access control and information security for the individual and the enterprise.

Source: http://www.managementhelp.info/Biometrics-Return-On-Investment/69 

August 29, 2007

Andhra Bank gives thumbs up to biometric ATMs

Source: http://infotech.indiatimes.com/Enterprise/Security/Andhra_Bank_gives_thumbs_up_to_biometric_ATMs_/articleshow/1642747.cms

Capitalising on one of the most fool-proof identification marks (the thumb impression), Hyderabad-based Andhra Bank is looking at rolling out more biometric-based ATMs.

“A thumb impression can’t be copied or stolen and is highly individualistic. It thus forms a good basis for us to launch ATMs using biometrics,” said Andhra Bank CMD K Ramakrishnan.

Mr Ramakrishnan said the bank intended to have as many as 150 biometric ATMs in place during the next fiscal. The bank has already having three biometric ATMs

“Our studies have revealed it is not just the rural/semi-urban branches where such biometric ATMs would be needed but even our customers in metro/urban centres have evinced interest in such machines,” he added.

He said that the cost of such a roll-out (of biometric ATMs) would be low given the decreasing price of hardware and ATMs.

Another area of focus was on mobile ATMs, Mr Ramakrishnan said. The bank was open to having more such mobile ATMs which double as mobile branches besides offering customers the facility of using their debit/ATM cards at the ATMs installed in these mobile vans.

Andhra Bank which ended (as of December 31, 2006) with a total business of Rs 61,689 crore was hopeful of ending the current fiscal with a volume of Rs 67,000 crore comprising Rs 39,000 crore of deposits and Rs 28,000 crore of advances. On credit cards, Mr Ramakrishnan said the bank was drawing up plans to issue more credit cards and was keen to tap its existing customer base.

“With a monthly interest of 1.8% to 2% Andhra Bank’s credit cards are most competitively placed compared with its peers. Our monthly outstanding card portfolio ranges anywhere between Rs 140 crore to Rs 180 crore,” he added.

Although Andhra Bank is one of the pioneers in the Indian credit card market, its credit card base is pegged around 1.5 million cards compared with 2.23 million debit/ATM cards.

He said that while credit cards was a key asset segment, the bank was keen to focus on areas such as priority sector lending, agri and education loans. Andhra Bank’s net non-performing assets stood at 0.44% as of December 31, 2006.

Biometrics India – E-passports

The Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs, Shri E. Ahamed informed the Lok Sabha today in a written reply to a question that the Government have decided to introduce e-passports, also known as bio-metric passports, initially for diplomats and officials as a pilot project by the end of 2007. Based on the experience gained from this pilot project, it is proposed to start issuance of e-passports in the ordinary category by the end of 2008. A Technical Committee has been constituted to finalise the technical specifications of the e-passports and this matter is under examination.The cost of converting ordinary into bio-metric passports will be worked out on the basis of the technical specifications that are finalised.

The Government have been continually taking a number of steps to bring about more transparency in Passport Offices. These include computerisation of all Passport Offices, introduction of on-line registration, tele-enquiry, passport adalats, strengthening of grievance redressal mechanism, etc. The National Institute of Smart Government (NISG), Hyderabad has prepared a comprehensive study on passport issuance system. The implementation of this report will, inter alia, enhance further transparency in the functioning of Passport Offices.

Source: Government of India Press Information Bureau

August 28, 2007

Biometric cash machines bring joy

Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/6478627.stm

Mahendra Sahni

Mahendra Sahni can now collect his money without wasting time [Pics: Prashant Ravi]

These days Mahendra Sahni, a daily wage worker in India’s most backward state of Bihar, struts up to a gleaming new cash machine in his village to withdraw his hard earned money.

The middle-aged, illiterate fish farmer from Vaishali district makes about 2,000 rupees a month ($44).

For years he used to waste nearly a day getting to the bank and queuing up to get his wages.

Now, when he inserts a cash card into the machine, he is greeted with an voice instruction in Hindi: “Please put your thumb on the specified space.”

When he does that, crisp currency notes roll out of the machine with the voice saying, “Your cash is ready. Please accept it.”

Sahni and 14 other poor daily wage workers from Vaishaligarh and neighbouring areas are among the first villagers in Bihar to have access to biometric cash machines to withdraw their money.

“This shows how science has made progress and can be used for poor village people like us,” says Sahni.

The biometric cash machines are custom-made for people who cannot read or write and use features like fingerprint verification and voice guided animated screens and easy navigation.

The federal government has now announced that everybody in Vaishali employed under its ambitious new National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme will get their wages through these new cash machines.

The scheme promises some 60 million households in India a level of financial protection through guaranteed work or unemployment benefit.

Banking made easy

For the moment, the cash machine run by the state-run Central Bank of India, is targeting some 210 daily wage workers in the area.

“It is basically for poor workers like Sahni who cannot read or write their names. Banking for them will become easy with these cash machines,” says the bank’s local manager Pranay Kumar.

Biometric cash machine in Vaishali, Bihar

Biometric cash machines promise to change banking in rural India

The biometric cash machines work through a series of processes.

First, the fingerprint of an account holder is captured through a scanner at the time of the opening of the account.

A template is created for each fingerprint and stored in the cash card given to the customer.

When Sahni goes to the cash machine and inserts the cash card, his fingerprint is captured using an inbuilt scanner and it is matched with the impression stored in the cash card.

Central Bank’s executive director K Subramanyam says biometric devices will go a long way in offering banking services in India’s villages where 70% of its people live.

Payment through cash machines will also protect the workers from local contractors who routinely extract a cut from their wages in return of getting them on the list of government employment schemes.

For the moment, Sahni and his neighbours are happy to have discovered a hassle-free way of withdrawing their meagre savings.

The entire procedure of cycling to the branch and going through the paperwork with help from others and waiting in the queue for the money took up valuable work time.

The other day, he picked up 1,000 rupees in five minutes flat from the cash machine and cycled back home to begin work again.

“Withdrawing money couldn’t be a better experience,” he says.

August 25, 2007

Biometric IDs for Slum Dwellers – Biometrics Fingerprint solution in Maharastra Mumbai Pune India

 Source: http://www.techtree.com/India/News/Biometric_IDs_for_Slum_Dwellers/551-81605-547.html

Land sharks in this city don’t spare even slum dwellers it seems…

Which explains why the Maharashtra government has decided to bring in a biometric ID system specially for slum dwellers, to protect them from the greedy bunch.

Reportedly, the identification system is meant for only those slum dwellers in Mumbai, who come under the purview of the state-sponsored slum re-development project.

The government has taken the decision subsequent to receiving several complaints that alleged slum dwellers being enticed into giving up their property to real estate developers, looking to start illegal construction on these plots of land.

Swadhin Kshatriya, Principal Secretary of the State Housing Department, said, “The move to bring in the biometric identification system comes in the wake of several cases filed by slum dwellers, who have complained that their plots are being developed without their consent.”

“Initially, the identification process will be introduced in schemes approved by the state Slum Re-development Authority (SRA). This will help us reduce the number of complaints to a great extent,” Kshatriya said.

Under the biometric ID system, a unique number will be created for each beneficiary. And the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has reportedly already started digitizing city maps to ascertain the authenticity of slum dwellers’ claims for accomodation under the SRA scheme.

In future, the biometric system will be introduced for the Dharavi Redevelopment Scheme, and redevelopment of BDD ‘chawls’ spread across South Central Mumbai.

August 24, 2007

Biometrics in 40,000 Schools of India

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Project Titled : “Fingerprint Biometric Attendance System for Primary Schools in Narmada District (Gujarat)”.

Brief Description:

Supply, installation and commissioning of 600 numbers of standalone Fingerprint Biometric Machines in various primary schools in Narmada District (Gujarat)

Tender Ref.: DPN/FBAS/01/2006

District Panchayat – Narmada
Jilla Panchayat Bhawan-Narmada,
Near Karjan Irrigation Project Office,
Rajpipla, Dist. Narmada (Gujarat) 393 145

Background:

To ensure full enrolment of all eligible students and to reduce drop-out rate in primary education, Government of Gujarat launched “Shala Praveshotsav” (Enrolment Drive) and “Kanya Kelavani Rath” (Girl Chid Education Campaign) from the year 2003. This programme has been very successful and is achieving full enrolment of all the eligible students. 

The extent of coverage of primary education in the state has been satisfactory but high rate of drop-out is a matter of serious concern. In the last three years, the Primary Education Department of Government of Gujarat has introduced several schemes to address the problem of drop-outs.

While lots of initiatives are being taken to improve primary education, it is equally important to sustain and deepen these reforms. After the success of enrolment drives with the achievement of full enrolment, the challenge now is to improve retention and reduce the drop-out.

Apart from socio-economic reasons, absenteeism of teachers, particularly in tribal areas and remote villages is one of the most important reasons for high dropout rates. All noble initiatives of the State Government lose effectiveness and seriousness, when teachers remain absent without due permission, for a long period. Above entioned areas, which are also the areas of lowest female literacy rates are suffering a lot because of this problem. It is urgently needed to have a strong and reliable mechanism to monitor attendance of teachers and students.

In order to have strict watch on the attendance of the teachers and the students, a Fingerprint Biometric School Attendance System was proposed for Narmada District. Government of Gujarat has accepted the proposal and has sanctioned a pilot project of a Fingerprint Biometric Attendance System for all primary schools in Narmada District to be implemented by the District Panchayat – Narmada (Rajpipla). After implementation, Narmada probably will become the first district in the country to cover all primary schools by a Fingerprint Biometric Attendance System.

Pilot Project:

The pilot project is planned to cover 680 primary schools, 70 Cluster Resource Centres (CRCs) and 4 Block Resources Centres (BRCs) in Narmada District. It will cover around 2508 teachers and 76,000 students. A stand alone fingerprint biometric machine with external un-interrupted power supply upto 12 hours will be installed in each primary school for recording attendance of teachers as well as students. At the end of the month, the attendance data will be transported to the taluka (Block) HQ in a portable memory device like a pen drive. This attendance data will be processed with the help of a software application for getting pay rolls of teachers and other various reports.

The pilot project has a great scope of further expansion depending upon its success in Narmada district. Narmada district is one of the most backward districts of Gujarat having predominant tribal population and low literacy indicators. The pilot model of biometric attendance system is most likely to be replicated in all other districts of Gujarat if it is tested successful in a district like Narmada. The expanded project is expected to cover around 40,000 schools, which are to be covered, in a phased manner, in the coming 2-3 years.

Pilot Project Implementation:

As an implementing agency District Panchayat – Narmada (Rajpipla) has decided that the procurement of the standalone Fingerprint Biometric Machines (FBMs) along with accessories would be through National Competitive Bidding while the software application would be developed by the NIC-Gujarat. To carry out this objective, District Panchayat – Narmada proposes to finalise a rate contract with only manufacturers of Fingerprint Biometric Machines (FBMs) in India for supply, installation and commissioning of standalone FBMs as per specifications given in the tender document.

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