eSSL Biometric Secuwatch

August 12, 2008

Leading player in Attendance, Access, CCTV, Fire Safety Solutions industry

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October 5, 2007

Biometrics to keep tabs on lazy cops

AHMEDABAD: The days of traffic policemen playing truant while on duty are now numbered. Ahmedabad traffic police will soon install 50 biometric devices to check the ‘lazy’ policemen from dodging duty.

The biometric attendance recording gadgets would be installed at traffic pickets to ensure the punctuality of the staff. The move comes at a time when the city traffic department is looking to add to its staff strength.

“Our proposal has been cleared and the pre-requisite sum has been sanctioned by the state government for acquiring the biometric devices which will be soon in place at traffic pickets in the city,” said additional commissioner of police, traffic, Manoj Agarwal.

The biometrics device uses a touch-screen-based technology which will read thumb impressions and match them with the original records. Each device would cost somewhere between Rs 7,000 to Rs 15,000.

Finally, the long drawn problem of shortage of manpower in traffic police department will also be addressed soon, especially since the state government has sanctioned additional 800 traffic personnel for the Ahmedabad traffic police.

The traffic department already has 50 power bikes and will soon get 50 wireless handsets.Agarwal said, “The state government has approved our proposals for increasing traffic posts given that the city is expanding fast and so is the population.”

Talking about the training schedule for the traffic personnel, he said, “We will be recruiting personnel from police department from constabulary positions. Their traffic management skills will be honed before being posted.”

Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Ahmedabad/Biometrics_to_keep_tabs_on_lazy_cops/articleshow/2239914.cms

September 23, 2007

Biometric Fingerprint Time Clocks

Buddy punching—not the violent connotation, but equally malicious and punishable under most corporate guidelines on proper employee behavior—is the practice of cheating time clocks by punching in the attendance card or swiping the ID of a co-worker in his absence.

Attendance monitoring used to mean endless paperwork, sifting though documents and manual computation. That has changed with the onslaught of biometric fingerprint time clocks that have high-tech applications but simple implementation.

There are several brands in the market, and they offer basically the same features, although some may be a bit more sophisticated (they allow several program schemes adaptable per employee specifications). A device can be programmed to quickly identify special work-schedule arrangements made for certain employees, for example.

A biometric fingerprint time clock generally is composed of three major components that make it work: scanner (on which one places a finger for the print to be scanned); software (that transforms the scanned information into digital format); and database (where authorized fingerprints are stored in digital format).

Biometric fingerprint time clocks may be installed on each side of a door to facilitate close monitoring of employee ins and outs. The biometric clock is wired into the door latch, allowing it to mechanically open and shut it. But if it’s just attendance monitoring you desire, one unit for your whole office may suffice. A device is capable of storing large amounts of data.

Once installed, you will have to get each employee to register a fingerprint. You may need to have your IT (information technology) employees help you with this. They will create a master list of names and their corresponding fingerprints. Additional programming is needed for flexi-time employees who do not subscribe to the general work-schedule hours.

After completing the database, the device ready. Employees will only need to put a finger on the scanning interface of the time clock. The print will be processed, and if it matches an image stored in the database, the door will open mechanically. If not, access will be denied; there’s no prying open the door or getting around the system.

eSSL

September 15, 2007

UK Requires Compulsory Fingerprints from Visa Applicants

BANGALORE: Every person seeking to enter the UK from countries outside the European Union, including India, will be fingerprinted prior to being issued a visa, if a proposed law that aims to tighten UK’s borders is passed by British MPs.

A Bill stipulating this and other immigration reforms — the UK Border Bill — is pending before the British Parliament and there’s an urgency now to clear it after the botched terror strikes in London and Glasgow involving foreign nationals.

When it’s in place, the fingerprint of anyone seeking to enter the UK — for work or as a tourist — will be scanned at visa issuing offices and put through criminal/terrorist databases, before clearance.

“UK has introduced biometric fingerprinting as identification in passports to make immigration at entry points easy. Now, plans are to extend it to those applying for visas,” sources said. But there is a silver lining: There has been no knee-jerk reaction or official slowdown on Indian citizens getting UK visas, so far.

Despite UK PM Gordon Brown’s statements over background checks, a British high commission source said: “No changes have been brought in following the recent events in the UK.” On average, 700 to 1,000 visa applications from India are being processed and cleared every day.

Sources said if the applicant has the specified documents outlining purpose of travel, financial position of the person/sponsor and so on, there is no need for even a personal interview for visa. In most cases, if documents are in order, the visa is issued.

Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/UK_plans_to_make_fingerprinting_a_must/articleshow/2205666.cms

UK to outsource biometric visa checks to Mumbai

The UK is to outsource visa application checks “wherever there is an outsource partner”, following trials in its largest visa posts in Mumbai, Delhi and Islamabad. This process, which will be implemented alongside the introduction of biometrics for all visa applications, is intended to cover at least 60 per cent of an annual total of 2.5 million applications by 2008, saving £3.7 million via a reduction of “46 staff years per year”.

The cunning outsourcing plan by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, which handles overseas visa applications, will be implemented as the UK Passport Office tightens security via the introduction of biometrics and by requiring new (and subsequently all) passport applicants attend a personal interview. Which could, one speculates, result in a country it was a hell of a lot easier to get into than out of, but the outsourcing partners will, we feel sure, be thoroughly vetted.

The process, the FCO tells us, “cost just £35,000 to develop” (did they outsource this too?) and allows UK visa staff to advise the outsourcing partner what information is needed. The partner then collects this from the application, puts it into electronic format and passes it on to the British Mission. As biometrics are rolled out, outsourcing partners are likely to deal with this too. “From our experience of fingerprinting in a variety of posts in East Africa,” says the FCO, “we have learned that we can safely scan fingerprints within our outsourced operations.”

The decision to fingerprint all visa applicants was taken after “the success of the Colombo fingerprinting trial in 2003”, which as we noted at the time was so ‘successful that it caught a maximum of xxx fraudsters. In common with other UK Government departments, the FCO claims that the UK “is committed by EU regulations to introducing biometrics into the worldwide visa operation” – as far as the FCO is concerned this is sort of, nearly true, but not quite, and the FCO’s current visa plans are rather different from what it will have to do if it ever really is “committed by EU regulations”.

The EU’s visa plans aren’t directly connected to its biometric passports ones, nor do they directly connect to the FCO ones. European ministers intended to have a blueprint for the introduction of biometric visas in place by the end of last year, but the discovery that the plans didn’t work put things up in the air. Ministers still intend to go ahead with biometric visas, and a trial of a separate visa card is commencing, but as far as we’re aware the European Parliament hasn’t yet been blackmailed into rubber-stamping a firmed-up scheme.

That however is neither here nor there as far as what the FCO is doing is concerned. The European system is intended to be part of the Schengen II/Visa Information System database network, with the biometric visa itself available for checking via standard border control equipment on entry to the EU. The FCO system fingerprints visa applicants in order to give the UK the capability to check for duplicate applications. The EU system means the subject of the visa carries their biometric data with them, whereas the UK’s doesn’t. If the UK is to participate in the EU system then the FCO will have to upgrade (if that’s the word) its plans and issue whatever the EU decides on, either a sticker in the passport or a separate card, probably the latter.

The FCO’s claim to be committed by regulations therefore appears to be based on its pretending that the UK is a signatory to Schengen when it really isn’t. The FCO explains the Schengen position here, so we don’t have to, but the UK’s attitude to Schengen can probably best be summed up as one of being in for the bits we like, but out for the bits we don’t. How ‘in’ we are on this one might turn out to be less clear than is immediately apparent.

Matters will be further complicated if the UK ID scheme flies. Those resident in the UK for over three months will be required to register for a card, so might this process take place via an overseas office on the granting of visas for over three months? How, if at all, will the current/planned FCO system intersect with the ID scheme, or with Europe’s VIS or a European ID card for non-EU residents?

The FCO claims it will cost £77 million to handle 2.5 million biometric visa applications, and our anonymous tipster for this story suggests this might imply a one-off cost of around £1.8 billion for biometric capture of the entire UK, but we’re not so sure. It’s not clear how much of the FCO cost is capital investment or the annual cost of the system, and what the FCO is planning isn’t necessarily comparable to the Home Office’s ID plans. Unless the FCO intends to maintain its own system in splendid, stripped-down isolation, however, we’d expect the actual cost to climb as the need for compatibility with the other systems increases.

Foreign Minister Jack Straw did not however like the ID scheme in the first place, so may not be willing to bust a gut to keep step with it now, particularly given heartening news that Ireland (another non-Schengen country) may junk biometric passports, and that the US might be about to conclude that biometric passports aren’t nearly as much fun as it initially thought.

Source: http://www.theregister.co.uk/2005/06/27/bio_visa_check_outsource/

September 13, 2007

40,000 Schools fingerprint system project – India

“40,000 Schools fingerprint system pilot project (eSSL) inauguration by Hon. Chief Minister of Gujarat, Shri Narendra Modi”

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The Gujarat state government has initiated a pilot project to ensure full enrolment of all eligible students and to reduce dropout rate in primary schools.

The pilot project covers 680 primary schools, 70 Cluster Resource Centres (CRCs) and 4 Block Resources Centres (BRCs) in Narmada district, one of the most backward districts of Gujarat having predominant tribal population and low literacy. It will cover around 2,508 teachers and 76,000 students.

The pilots being implemented by Bangalore based enterprise Software Solutions Lab (ESSL).

In 2003, Gujarat Government had launched “Shala Praveshotsav” (Enrolment Drive) and “Kanya Kelavani Rath” (Girl Child Education Campaign), which has been very successful and is achieving full enrolment of all the eligible students.

However, while the extent of coverage of primary education in the state has been satisfactory, the high rate of dropout is a matter of serious concern.

Having achieved the successful enrolment, the challenge facing the Government is to improve retention and reduce the dropout.

It was discovered that apart from socio-economic reasons, absenteeism of teachers, particularly in tribal areas and remote villages is one of the most important reasons for high dropout rates,

“ All noble initiatives of the State Government lose effectiveness and seriousness, when teachers remain absent without due permission, for a long period. It was, therefore, urgently needed to have a strong and reliable mechanism to monitor attendance of teachers and students,” said a senior official.

A standalone fingerprint biometric machine with external uninterrupted power supply up to 12 hours will be installed in each primary school for recoding attendance of teachers as well as students. At the end of the month, the attendance data is transported to the taluka (Block) HQ in a portable memory device like a pen drive. This attendance data is processed with the help of a software application for getting pay rolls of teachers and other various reports.

The pilot project has great scope of further expansion depending upon its success in Narmada district. The pilot model of biometric attendance system is most likely to be replicated in all other districts of Gujarat if it is tested successfully in district like Narmada.

The expanded project is expected to cover around 40,000 schools, which are to be covered, in a phased manner, in the coming 2-3 years. 

Lift a Finger(print) to Track Employee Time

Automate hourly paid employee timekeeping with eSSL Biometric Time and Attendance System.

“Eliminate Buddy Punching” 

RFID based time and attendance systems have a big loophole: buddy punching. For example: Ram Come Lately, delayed on his way to work, can ask fellow employee Sunil Buddy to swipe Lately’s RFID employee badge through the time clock. The time clock will faithfully record Lately’s attendance before he arrives, and the employer will pay Lately for time that he didn’t work..

Biometric time systems eliminate buddy punching because they are inextricably linked to the employee, not to a token such as an employee badge or a time card.

eSSL eBiome time clock

The eSSL  eBiome time clock is a wall-mountable box with a optical fingerprint scanner, a monochrome backlit four-line LCD, and a numeric keypad with five menu-control buttons. The clock can be directly hooked up to a PC using a serial port, USB connection, or (the way I tested it) connected to a network via ethernet.

Once eSSL eBiome is installed, operations are fairly straightforward. You set up new employees using the eBiome software on the PC. Their fingerprints are then scanned and enrolled using a password-protected administration menu on the eBiome time clock.

“Easy Time Tracking”

The timekeeping process is simplicity itself. To record the start of work, an employee rests the enrolled finger on the eBiome time clock’s fingerprint sensor until it’s recognized. This requires just a second or two and is acknowledged with both a message on the display and an audio tone. To sign out from work, the employee repeats the fingerprint scan.

eSSL Logo - enterprise Software Solutions Lab

Is the eSSL eBiome Biometric Time and Attendance System worth it?

It’s certainly faster and more efficient to use than paper-based manual time tracking systems, and it’s probably more accurate than nonbiometric time systems. If you have five or more hourly paid employees, the system is cost-effective. While the ease of installation and the quality of documentation could be improved, once set up the system is simple enough to use–and it can save your business money by tracking time automatically and accurately.

September 9, 2007

Municipal employees use the fingerprint machine for attendance


A NEW METHOD: Alandur municipal employees use the machine installed by the civic body on Wednesday. TAMBARAM: A Bio Metric Finger Print Attendance Machines each for five locations in Alandur Municipality were installed on Wednesday.

This is the first of its kind in any local body in the southern suburb of Chennai.

The move is aimed at regulating the attendance of employees of the health department and also the general staff.

Municipal chairman R. S. Bharathi, vice-chairman A. Duraivelu and Commissioner N. S. Prema were present during the inaugural function near the Hindu Colony Bus Stand.

The new equipment has been installed at a cost of Rs. 4.5 lakhs from the Municipality’s general funds.

The system was launched to check the roll of attendance of around 300 staff and to ensure that they reported for duty on time. Further, it would also be easier for the municipal staff to prepare pay-rolls.

It would be foolproof, they added.

Initially it was decided to allow only 10 minutes for staff to register their attendance between 6 a.m. and 6.10 a.m., but on request, it was extended till 6.30 a.m.

Officials said the equipment used fingerprint recognition technology to record the attendance of staff.

source: http://www.hindu.com/2007/07/06/stories/2007070654590300.htm

September 6, 2007

India – Sixth Central Pay Commission: Suggestions – should biometric entry/exit be introduced?

source: http://www.india.gov.in/govt/questionreport_printentire.php?qid=16&cat=0&group=G&grptype=G&rpttype=Q

Sixth Central Pay Commission:Suggestions

   
 
  1. New concepts
    • For improving punctuality/introducing new concepts like flexi time, should biometric entry/exit be introduced?We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organisations. On the Basis of the experience drwan from such practice it may be decided whether this system may be general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. to us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Central Food Laboratory Employees Association)

      Honest, sincere and strict supervision can improve the punctuality. Flexi time may create unnecessary hazards. (A.K. Saxena Joint Secretary Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation New Delhi)

      Present system may continue. (Central Government Engineering Drawing Staff Confederation New Delhi)

      Yes, for Improving punctuality/ introducing new concepts like flexi-time, biometric entry/ exit*as one of the reliable enforcing factors may be introduced. (All India Federation of Superintendents of Customs Mumbai)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Joint Platform of Action of Government and Associate Services Employees’ Organisations All India Committee Kolkata)

      On this issue it is suggested that govt and nongovt committee to be formed and both the committee examine the issues, merits and demerits to be check and on the common opinion of the committee, decision will be more beneficial by all aspect. (Loco Running Welfare Association Nagpur)

      We agree with the contents in this para. (Kanpur South Central Govt. Pensioner Welfare Association Kanpur)

      This association feels that biometric entry/exit should be introduced so as to ensure timely attendance and exit. (ALL INDIA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SERVICE ASSOCIATION)

      In Order to ensure punctuality and proper discharge of working any step including introduction of bio-metric entry/exit is welcome. (All India Central Council of Trade Unions (AICCTU) Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organizations. Electronic system introduced by DARPG (formally introduced from 01 July 2001 with the help of REIL) may be introduced (in case of such office where more than 100 employees are working in a building). (All India EDP Employees Group ‘C’ Association Kolkata)

      This is not required if flexi-timings are not to be introduced, however, steps may be taken to improve punctuality. (Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service Direct Recruit Gazetted Officers Association)

      Yes (Aviation Technical Personnel Aviation Research Centre New Delhi)

      Ans. Yes, these systems should be introduced. (Indian Forest Service Association Dehradun Unit Forest Research Institute Dehradun)

      Yes, but for Group ‘B’, ‘C’&’D’ employees only. Group ‘A’ should be excluded due to 24 hours duties & responsibility system and also to meet the disaster management system. (All India Radio & Doordarshan Engineers Association)

      By persuasion and ensuring discipline punctuality can be improved. (National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation Employees’ Association Kolkata)

      This concept is not acceptable to Staff Union. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employees concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospital etc. (India Security Press and Currency Note Press Staff Union Nasik)

      We are given to understand that the system of biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organisations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. (Association of Radio and Television Engineering Employees (ARTEE) New Delhi)

      Punctuality is of paramount importance and can easily be achieved through proper awareness and team participation/counseling. (All India DGMS Stenographers’ Association Dhanbad)

      Yes, such system should be introduced for maintaining punctuality. (All India Medical Laboratory Technologists Association New Delhi)

      Contractual employment may be tried step by step without reducing the security/ commitment etc. (Indian Naval Civilian Design Officers Association)

      Yes. (Central Ordnance Depot Jabalpur)

      Only Nation mindedness and dedicated service to Nation can solve this. (All Pensioners Association and Senior Citizen Council Chennai)

      No comment (Bihar Sahakarita Padhadhikari Sangh Patna)

      This question is so vague in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the respective organisations to whom it relates. (All India Railwaymen’s Federation)

      Yes, they should be introduced. Biometric entry /exit will ensure discipline at all levels of Government servants. (Federation of Railway Officers’ Association New Delhi)

      Yes (Drawing Staff Association Central Electricity Authority)

      In our department, it is not a major problem. If any steps would be taken to improve the punctuality may be acceptable on the basis ground reality. (All India Customs Ministerial Officer’s Association Kolkata)

      Punctuality and flexi time are two different issues. Flexi time is good concept if we work in a corporate way. There has to be value of time. Eight hour should mean strictly eight hour constructive work and not just sitting in the office. Sitting for eight hours in a government office, out of which chatting for six hours cannot be a concept of flexi time. Defined working hours have to be constructively utilised. No body should be under worked. Maintaining punctuality in a government Offices is a Herculean task. Only an attitude towards positive work culture can enforce punctuality. Strict discipline has to be enforced for punctuality. In government offices in general a employee thinks that it doesn’t matter if he is coming late or going early from the office. He thinks that he can finish his work in two hours indicating that he is highly under worked. Besides, no punishment is generally awarded to late comers or early goers. For this a radical change in the work culture of the government offices has to be introduced. Employees should have a fear that action can be taken if they are unpunctual. Besides if an employee is fully loaded with work from the day one he joins the service, he cannot think of being unpunctual. (Geological Survey of India Group A Geology Stream Specific Problems Lucknow)

      yes, Electronic Access System may be workable. Flxi-time may also be workable. (CPWD Architects Association New Delhi)

      For improving punctuality, rules need to be more strict as after a specified number of late comings or early goings from the offices, the proportionate deduction in the pay of concerned employee be allowed. (Central Council of Homoeopathy Anusandhan Bhawan Janak Puri New Delhi)

      May be introduced. (All india EME Civilian Personnel Association Secunderabad)

      Yes. (The Ministerial Staff of CBI ACB Patna)

      New concepts like biometric entry/exit should be introduced in addition to taking disciplinary action under CCS Rules. Suitability of flexi time in Govt offices is questionable. Scientific community may be allowed to have flexi time but not for others. (All India MES Barrack and Stores Cadre Association New Delhi)

      Yes. (All India Central Government Employees Association Mumbai)

      Yes (Geological Survey of India Staff Union Kolkata)

      17.2 Theory of Biometric entry /exist although looks third grade concept, may be introduced by the by , from Top to toe , if punctuality is not improved . (A.I.R.P. Association (BXR Branch) Buxar)

      No comment (Scientific Service Association New Delhi)

      17.2 No. There is no need to introduce flexi time, biometric entry/exit for improving punctuality. Only time bound work with better pay package as of M.P.s1 and Judges’ are required essentially for total improvement and solving all problems. (India Stationery Office Mazdoor Union Kolkata)

      The strict maintenance of attendance registers, which should be on the tables of the heads of offices, in which each and every staff member should sign marking the time of his entry in the office for work and going out even for lunch and tea etc. For violations in respect of strict attendance, a deduction in the number of eligible leave days like earned leave should be prescribed. Even in these matters surprise checks by high officers of the departments or offices is necessary like the surprise checks made by hon’ble Gundu Rao, the Karnataca Chief Minister in the past should be done. (All Bharat Confederation of Senior Citizens & Pensioners)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Central Secretariat Official Language Service Federation New Delhi)

      Not at all, the Government is not temporary and contractual in nature. (All India Federation of Senior Audit Officers and Audit Officers Allahabad)

      Yes (Burdwan University Officers’ Association)

      The system of biometric entry /exist may be introduced ensuring the punctuality of time. (K.V.S Retired Employee’s Society Jaipur)

      There is certainly a need for punctuality and this should again be based on the requirements of any particular department. (Survey of India Stenographers’ Forum New Delhi)

      This concept is not acceptable to GENC. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employees concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospital, etc. (Bhartiya Postal Administrative Offices Employees Union Group C&D New Delhi)

      We are given to understand that the system of biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained for all officers from top-most to the bottom-most levels. To us, it is a question of ethics and morality. (Central Secretariat Clerks’ Association New Delhi)

      Ans: Yes (Central Excise Mangalore)

      These concepts are new in Indian scenario. This require enough study and after studying all points of view only this kind of system may be considered. (Central Govt Non Gazetted Employees Union Shastri Bhavan New Delhi)

      No comments (A G Chacko General Secretary AIFPA Chennai)

      No Comments. (Central P.W.D. Staff Association Kolkata)

      Flexi time may be introduced. (Zoological Survey of India Gazetted Officers’ Association Kolkata)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done win vary from organizations to organization. The respective anizations will formulate their views in this regard.’ (All India Defence Accounts Employees’ Association (HQ) Kolkata)

      Yes, as above, but the biometric entry/exit only for the Group ‘B’, ‘c’ &’D’ employees. The Group ‘A’/Executive officers/employees should be excluded for the biometric entry/exit due to their 24 hours duties & responsibility system and also to meet the disaster management system at any time. (Air and Doordarshan Engineers Association New Delhi)

      This Association agrees with the view that in order to improve productivity as also to suit employee requirements, biometric entry/exit system should be introduced, which will ensure that each employee puts in the prescribed minimum hours at work or get penalized financially. (Railway Board Secretariat Service Group ‘A’ Officers’ Association New Delhi)

      Appropriate importance can be given. (Federation of All India Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Employees Jamia Osmania Hyderabad)

      Applicable to civil services. (VIth Pay Commission Cell (Army) New Delhi)

      Yes. To ensure punctuality biometric entry and exit should be introduced and followed strictly. (Postal and Railway Mail Service Supervisors Association Madurai)

      In government setup the proposed system may not work. (Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training Kochi)

      Human of the era should be ruled with sophisticated system. (The Senior Core of ISRO Satellite Centre Bangalore)

      There is certainly a need for punctuality and this should again be based on the requirements of any particular department. (The Survey of India Stenographers’ Forum Hyderabad)

      17.2 For improving punctuality a new concept like leave encashment every year and change of ACR process should be introduced. (All India Defence Employees EME Technical Association New Delhi)

      New concepts like flexi time and freedom to perform from a place other than office with the aid of the modern IT gadgets may also be required to improve performance rather emphasising on a concept of punctuality which has proved to be elusive as far as government offices are concerned. Hence, the introduction of biometric entry/exit is redundant as long as it does not require an employee to work on machines and plants. (Consumers Investors and Commuters’ Welfare Association Ghaziabad)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. However, punctuality should be uniformly applicable from top to bottom. (Non Gazetted Govt. Officers’ Association Andaman and Nicobar)

      Better administration at all levels will ensure the punctuality. (Statistical and Scientific Employee’s Association New Delhi)

      In case of paramedical employees flexi time concept maybe introduces conditionally but biometric attendance Is not always thought to be helpful as this kind of work has some modulation of time according to load of work. (Medical Staff Association Kolkata)

      For improving punctuality, new concepts like flexi time and biometric entry/exit will be very useful and drawal of salary should be linked to the attendance recorded as per these biometric entry/exit as in private sector. Flexi time will ensure that government employees are able to take care of their families and children in their growing years without compromising their work as government servants. (Indian Postal and Telecom Accounts and Finance Service Group A Officers Association New Delhi)

      Punctuality in Govt offices must be maintained by introducing advanced technology machines like thumbing impression sensors, eyeing sight sensors. It should also be taken into account that, punctuality at entry and exit alone will not streamline the organization and it should be adopted irrespective of any rank / status / cadre. (Draughtsmen Association of Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA) Ministry of Defence Chennai)

      Time bound work should be imposed, and to ensure the time bound program the responsibility is to be fixed on the head of the office. Biometry entry should be made compulsory wherever it is possible. (Andaman & Nicobar Islands State Forest Service Association Andaman & Nicobar Islands)

      17.2 Implementation of biometric entry / exit may be useful in Institutes of high security and organizations of high stature, where the threats of terrorism are on higher end. Where as flexible timing concept is not elaborate as to what way this is perceived. The need of work completion in time and with quality is always held high. (All India Defence Employees EME Technical Supervisors Association New Delhi)

      Response: Biometric or similar exit/entry is a must in the light of above mentioned suggestions. However, in addition, accountability in terms of work output is equally important. (Defence Electronics Applications Lab. Ministry of Defence Dehradun)

      Ans: We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Delhi Nurses Union Delhi)

      All the Government employees should be directed to mark their attendance through Biometric Machines. (Government of India Department of Publication Delhi)

      Yes! Strict measure to improve punctuality be introduced. Flexi time should be at the discretion of the Head of this Estt. (Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) All India Administrative Officers Association Pune)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Delhi Administration Stenographers’ Welfare Association Delhi)

      Yes, for improving punctuality biometric entry and exit may be introduced. (Geological Survey of India Scientific Officers Association (GSISOA) Marine Wing Mangalore)

      Yes (Jharkhand State Stenographers Association Jharkhand)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. The respective organization will formulate their views in this regard. (Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Staff Association)

      Yes (Defence Quality Assurance Officers Association (DGQA))

      No recruitment for fixed time period with very low fixed emoluments is desirable if govt. want its existence in delivery of services. Contracts offered are pretty high. Where the contractors do not pay more. This results into generation of creamy middle agency amounting to the equal fiscal a burden with less equality and integrity & responsibility. This should not be allowed to exist. Contract system leads to vested interests, which decline the efficiency of goods delivery system. Target oriented results in a time bound framework is not achieved. (All India Census Employees Association New Delhi)

      This system would not work in front-line field organizations. However, this can be adopted in a pooled work environment (SRFMT TI STAFF Association A.P)

      A. For keeping up the punctuality, specific provisions have been provided in CCA (Conduct) Rules, 1965. However, new concept for punctuality is a welcoming factor. (Deputy Salt Commissioner (DSC) Salt Department Chennai)

      Introduction of any new concepts is welcome. but it should be transparent, once for all and would be ready to withdraw it at once if it is not accepted by the people. It should keep in mind, alike political leaders, general people of any country think for betterment of his mother land. (Track Engineers (Group C) Eastern Railway Kolkata)

      This again will not be feasible, where it involves interaction with the public. However, the concept of bio-metric entry / exit can be explored. (All India Customs Preventive Service Federation)

      Yes new concepts like flexi time, biometric entry/ exit be introduced to every employee despite his/ her grade/ group. (Himalayan Forest Research Employees Union Shimla)

      Be introduce the new system of biometric entry for the better service to the citizen of India. (Delhi Government Stores and Purchase Officers Association)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Inservice Doctors Federation Gujarat)

      Yes (Ganga Flood Control Commission Ministry of Water Resources)

      Yes. (Akashvani and Doordarshan Library Staff Association Cuttack)

      This is not required if flexi-timings are not to be introduced, however, steps may be taken to improve punctuality. (AFHQ Civil Service (DRG) Officers Asssociation (Recognised) Delhi)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (All India Government Nurses Federation New Delhi)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may he decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a quest. • of ethics and morality. (Group D Staff Association Kolkata)

      Yes (Uttar Pradesh Forest Range Officers Association Lucknow)

      For improving punctually and introducing new concept like flexi time, the biometrics entry/ exit should be introduced for jobs, having no direct with public. (Pensioners Association Madhya Pradesh Bhopal)

      Yes, except in cases where employees are required to be away from their normal place of duty i.e. when people are on tour in the interest of public work. (Geological Survey of India Scientific Officers Association Pune)

      Honest, sincere and strife suspension can improve punctuality. Flexi time will create unnecessary hazards towards the people. However the recommendation of the Vth CPC can be introduced for maintaining punctuality. (All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. The respective organizations should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees organizations. (Class III Service Association Survey of India New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. Honest, sincere and strict supervision can improve it. The respective organisations should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees associations. (National Federation of Technical Railway Employees Ambala Cantt.)

      May be introduced .There are so many factors including transport, political agitations, human & unexpected happenings which also adversely effect the punctuality in attendances of the employees. (Government of India Stationery Office Ministry of Urban Development Kolkata)

      Should be introduced in view of improving punctuality. (Government of India Press Non-Industrial Employees’ Association Howrah)

      No comments. (Indian Railways Technical Supervisors Association Chandigarh)

      Punctuality should be maintained and performance based promotion should be introduced. (The All India Army Ordnance Clerks’ Association 11 Field Ordnance Depot)

      Not required in all Government offices. More appropriate with the safety and security issues. For the offices which include public handling and public services, flexi time will be a good idea with overall increase in the working hours (such as 12 hours per day for all seven days). (Coordination Committee of All IIT Employees Union /Associations)

      Ans: We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (All India Central Labour Welfare Organisation Staff Association Bangalore Regional Committee Mysore)

      Yes, may be introduced. (IFS Association Assam)

      Yes, may be introduced. (Public and Other Interest Group)

      Flexi time for improving punctuality may not be applicable in most cases. However, the system of biometric entry/ exit may impose a stricter discipline amongst the staff with regard to punctuality. The system has been successfully implemented in many leading companies. But the cost implications are enormous. Flexi time however, may be applicable in educational and research oriented organisations where, projects are specifically close-ended and does not depend on day to day, hour to hour progress. (Coast Guard Headquarters National Stadium Complex New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organization to organization. The respective departments should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees organizations. (Income Tax Employees Federation New Delhi)

      Yes, It may improve performance & punctuality (Grade Four Employees Association Delhi)

      Yes (Pondicherry Labour Department Officials Association)

      yes, (All India C.P.W.D. Engineers Association New Delhi)

      Yes biometric entry/exit should be introduced for improving punctuality. But proper and specific job description would also have to be introduced so that in the given time period in the office the employee’s potential is optimally utilized. Just mere presence in the office with under utilized work force would be a total waste of government resources. (IPS Association New Delhi)

      No. (Technical Employees Association of Railway New Delhi)

      Yes, but slowly. (All India Pensioners’ Association Delhi)

      This concept is not acceptable to BCCKM. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employees concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospitai, etc. (Bhartiya Currency and Coins Karamchari Mahasangh Paharganj New Delhi)

      Yes (National Library Gazetted Officers’ Association Kolkata)

      Fixing responsibility to the concerned is more suitable than introducing biometric entry/exit system. (All India Wireless Staff Association Ministry of Water Resources Central Water Commission New Delhi)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology Employees Association Delhi)

      Yes, we are in favor of it. (DRDO Civilian MT Drivers Association Metcalfe House Delhi)

      Not necessary. (Postal Printing Press Employees Union Orissa)

      The punctuality can be enforced by imposing severe penalty so that the improvement can be achieved through this new system suggested. Biometric entry/exit monitoring is long overdue. (Association of Citizens Charter Empowerment and Social Service Delhi)

      Yes (All India Training Officers Federation Chennai)

      Yes. (Ministerial Employees Association Karaikal Distt. Puducherry)

      Yes, it should be introduced. (Bank Note Press Gazetted Officers’ Association M.P.)

      Central Government Office is not a Private agency. (Rashtriya Bhartiya Khani Vibhag Karmachari Sangh Nagpur)

      This concept is not acceptable to BPEU Class-III. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employee concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospital, etc. (BPE Union (Class III) New Delhi)

      Yes (Income Tax Appellate Tribunal Registry Officers Association Jabalpur)

      This concept is not acceptable to NFCMS. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employees concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospital etc., (N.F.C. Mazdoor Sangh)

      New methods for improving punctuality may be considered where ever possible but at the same time employees should have flexibility in their working conditions then only such a concept will be more successful (All India Military Engineering Services (MES) Clerical Cadre Group ‘D’ Employees Association Kanpur)

      17.2 Biometric entry/exit may be successful in some organization, it may not be workable/successful in media organization of the Government / public sector keeping in view the journalistic nature of the work carried out by the personnel employed in such it However, the same may be tried on experimental basis. The concept of flexi-time and part-time job is very constructive and positive one. But the media organization can not be wholly dependent on it. To avoid the break-down in services, specially in broadcasting services, , some regular staff need to be appointed on regular basis. (All India Radio Foreign Language Translators & Broadcasters Association Haryana)

      Use of biometric entry and exit system should be introduced for improving punctuality and proper attendance in the office. (Director General CRPF New Delhi)

      All the Government employees should be directed to mark their attendance through Biometric Machines. (All India Association of Assistant Managers of Government of India Presses and Assistant Controllers of Department of Publications New Delhi)

      New concept like flexi time can help in making employees result oriented. (Krishna Murari General Secretary All India National Savings Gazetted Officers Nagpur)

      Time bound work should be imposed, and to ensure the time bund program the responsibility is to fixed on the head of the office. (Forest Executive Staff Association South Andaman)

      It may not be feasible. (Indian Revenue Service Association (All India Body) New Delhi)

      Yes, but slowly (All India Civilian Store Keeping Personnel Association New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. The respective organizations should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees organizations. (The All India Central Ground Water Board Employees Association Ministry of Water Resources Faridabad)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Indian Museum Employees Welfare Association Kolkata)

      Introduction of these concepts is highly appreciated. (Epidemiology Section Staff National Tuberculosis Institute Karnataka)

      For punctuality at entry/exit most of the establishment had been updated with electronic punching/scanners. Therefore, advanced technology should be introduced such that, thumb impressions sensors, eye sight sensors along with password entries to each employees lime PIN using at ATMs. This will also increase the security aspects. It should also be taken into account that, punctuality at entry and exit alone will not streamline the organization. Officers in most of the formations does not keep their timings. For example when the office begins at 08.00am, the officer arrives at 09.00 am, which means, the miss-guidance of punctuality begins at that point. Therefore, the officer should identify such that, they are among staffs who all are servants to Govt. only then the real punctuality begins. If an officer steps as an example, the punctuality within the staff begins on its own. (All India DGQA Clerical Association Madras)

      No Comments (Executive Officers’ Association Rajasthan)

      No comment. (All India Federation of Central Excise Gazetted Executive Officers Bhubaneswar)

      Comments: Like earlier said, the basic function of any unit is to get the job done. If the supervisory staff is given free hand regarding flexibility of timing, no doubt, ouput will be there which will be advantageous to both i.e. employee as well as employer i.e. Govt. At the same time, it is necessary that staff who is needed for public timing, should follow the norms. So flexibility and punctuality go together depending upon the nature of work assigned to them. (India Meteorological Department Association)

      This concept is not acceptable to BPMS. The pre-condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employee’s concerned and it should convince the employee’s concerned. Flexi¬time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependent family members in hospital etc. (Bhartiya Pratiraksha Mazdoor Sangh Association Kanpur)

      As in some private sectors, working hours is fixed to allow margin of late coming due to traffic or other hazards but to stay late and complete the job requirements for an 8 hour schedule from the time of arrival. (Kendriya Vidyalaya Retired Employees Forum Chennai)

      Yes (Atomic Minerals Directorate Scientific Officer’s Association New Delhi)

      Present system to be continued (Stevedoring Unit General Employees Association Andaman and Nicobar Islands)

      Yes. (Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Coimbatore)

      This question is so vague in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the respective organisations to whom it relates. (South Western Railway Mazdoor Union Hubli)

      Yes. (The Ministerial Employees Association Karaikal)

      Bio-metric entry/exit system should be introduced for improving punctuality. (Central Water Commission (CWC) New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity for improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organization to organization. The respective organizations should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees’ organizations. Thus by persuasion and ensuring discipline punctuality can be improved. (Pondicherry State Government Employees Association Pondicherry)

      Due to interdependent type of jobs in Government offices, the concept of flexi time with biometric entry/exist is not feasible and may create more problems for the system. (Association of Assistant Directors-II New Delhi)

      Yes, biometric entry/exit concept has been introduced in DRDO Labs. (The Department of Defence Research and Development)

      This to be left to each Department/Organisation on their feasibility. (All India Defence Civilian Clerks’ Association New Delhi)

      Yes, but slowly. (All India Defence Employees Civilian Motor Drivers ‘B’ Vehicle Association (AOC) Delhi)

      Yes, it is required. (Research Centre Imarat Vignyana Kancha Hyderabad)

      This can be introduced on experimental basis and seen how it works. (Save Grain Campaign Regional Office Deptt of Food and Public Distribution Hyderabad)

      We are given to understand mat the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the bash of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Institute of Serology Staff Association 3 Kyd Street Kolkata)

      Any scheme for imparting punctuality is welcome. As said earlier, this aspect should also be taken while imparting training. (All India Federation of Pensioners’ Association Chennai)

      Yes. (Society of Retired Forest Officers Lucknow)

      Yes, as above, but the biometric entry/exit only for the Group ‘B’, ‘C’&’D’ employees. The Group ‘A’/Executive officers/employees should be excluded for the biometric entry/exit due to their 24 hours duties & responsibility system and also to meet the disaster management system at any time. (All India Federation of Engineers New Delhi)

      With flexi-timings, the introduction of recording entry-exit timings would be required. And, the same can be monitored through punching machines log-books etc. (Central Soil and Materials Research Station Engineering Officer Grade A Association)

      This again will not be feasible, where it involves interaction with the public. However, the concept of bio-metric entry / exit can be explored. (All India Postal Officers (Accounts) Association Kolkata)

      Yes. These concepts may be adequately adopted. (Ministry of Urban Development New Delhi)

      Yes, they should be introduced. Biometric entry /exit will ensure discipline in all levels of Government servants. (IIS Group ‘A’ Officers’ Association New Delhi)

      No (Central Excise Gazetted Executive Officers’ Association Lucknow)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Jamia Administrative Staff Association New Delhi)

      no comments (Central Excise Executive Officers Association Nasik)

      The basic function of any unit is to get the job done, if supervisory staff is given free hand regarding flexibility of timing, no doubt, output will be there which will be advantageous to both i.e. employee as well as Govt. At the same time, it is necessary that staff needed for public timing should follow the norms. So flexibility and punctuality go to gather depending upon the nature of work assigned to them. (CPWD Junior Engineers’ Association(India) New Delhi)

      Flexihours : Flexitiming is not workable in a govt set-up. Use of Biometric System for entry/exit is recommended. (Directorate of Architecture Integrated HQ of MoD New Delhi)

      Introduction of biometric entry / exit be welcomed. As it would promote punctuality and discipline among employees. Further, there will be no bias in implementing these measures. Also, information about the extent of compliance will be readily and easily available to enforcing authority. (Mechanical Engineers Association Ministry of Defence Kolkata)

      Yes. Flexi time with biometric entry/exist can be thought of. However, care should be taken to avoid contradictin in application of flexi time vs. punctuality and output/performance of workforce. (Indira Gandhi National Open University Officers’ Association New Delhi)

      Let pay commission not bother about it. Let it ensure just the performance is demanded both by the administration and the public. (NGNUF All India Association)

      Yes. However, the some of the revenue department where the mobility of the officers are essential such system are of no avail. Further today in the age of mobile Internet the concept of OFFICE are getting blurred. (The All India Association of Central Excise Gazetted Officers Rajkot)

      Yes, it is required. (Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) Technical Officers Association Pune)

      Central Government Office is not a Private agency. (Indian Bureau of Mines Scientific Officers Association Nagpur)

      Yes, agreeable to limited extent, but to be adhered into oneself, before it is exercised as lesson. The flexi-time can be attempted in disciplined order in Government. (All India Akashvani & Doordarshan Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Employees Welfare Association)

      There is no second opinion that punctuality is required to be improved. As fas as the employees working in i8ndustries are concerned there is full proof system for maintaining this through recording of entry/exit time. The process is required to be devised/ streamlined for all group of employees working in offices. (ordnance factory)

      Yes new technology should be introduced (Indian Foreign Service Association Ministry of External Affairs)

      Yes, for improving punctuality/introducing new concepts like flexi may be introduced. (All India Association of Central Excise Gazetted Executive Officers Unit Indore)

      Yes. (A.G.U.P Pensioners Association Allahabad)

      Yes. Apart from that all Gazzetted officers and above, must be brought under this system. Presently all such officers not covered under this system. Unless and until all Gazetted Officers and above are not made essential to mark attendance the punctuality could not be maintained. (Technical Executive Officers’ Association Delhi)

      Yes. It is suggested instead of mere punctuality, efficiency and quick disposal of work should be given preference. (Govt. of NCT Employees Welfare Association New Delhi)

      Yes. (Centre for Advanced Technology Scientific Officer’s Association Indore)

      Flexi time may lead extra expenditure of the Department. (All India Postal Accounts Officers Association Kolkata)

      No. Mere talking of punctuality will not deliver the goods unless the State provide sufficient transport for commutation. (AFHQ ISOs Association New Delhi)

      There is no second opinion that punctuality is required to be improved. As far as the employees working in industries are concerned there is full proof system for maintaining this through recording of entry/exit time. The process is required to be devised /streamlined for all group of employees working in offices. (All India Association of Non-Gazetted Officers of Ordnance & Equipment Factories and Quality Assurance Organisations Jabalpur)

      No recruitment for fixed time period with very low fixed emoluments is desirable if govt. want its existence in delivery of services. Contracts offered are pretty high. Where the contractors do not pay more. This results into generation of creamy middle agency amounting to the equal fiscal a burden with less equality and integrity & responsibility. This should not be allowed to exist. Contract system leads to vested interests, which decline the efficiency of goods delivery system. Target oriented results in a time bound framework is not achieved. (All India Census Employees’ Association Ahmedabad)

      For employees demonstrating better attendance and punctuality some form of incentive may be considered. (Central Water and Power Research Station Pune)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Stenographers Association CPWD Sewa Bhawan R K Bhawan New Delhi)

      Not only the flexi time and biometric entry / exit system is very much required in all government offices to increase the punctuality but also the impartial attitude of work managers. (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Officers Association Tarapur)

      Suitable system but effective implementation required. (Central Government Fishing Seamen Association F S I Complex Cochin)

      Yes, strict punctuality requires to be maintained. (All India Training Officers Federation New Delhi)

      Yes. (Atomic Centralised Administrative Cadre Officers Association Mumbai)

      Please see para 17.1. Biometric logging-in and out may still be introduced to ensure that the employee is at his/her workplace/station for the duration specified till means to quantify outputs – both qualitatively and quantitatively -are put in place and streamlined (Defence Service Officers’ Institute Kerala)

      Punctuality is not a question. An individual can be punctual but what matters is that at the end of the day what is the output, the individual has delivered. (Chief Port Administrator Port Management Board A&N Islands)

      No. If the top officials maintain the punctuality, those under them will also perform well. (Central Institute of Brackishwater Aqaculture Chennai)

      Yes, it should be introduced where needed. (Indian Ex Services League Punjab and Chandigarh)

      Introduction of flextime is not desired biometric entry/exit may introduced. (Central Action Committee Highly Skilled Grade-I Jabalpur)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. The respective organization will formulate their views in this regard. (Central Staff Association of DGE & T (CSAD) Kolkata)

      Mere introduction of flexi time, biometric entry/exit is not going to improve punctuality. Accountability will automatically improve punctuality. (Madras Export Inspection Agency Employees Association Chennai)

      17.2 Honest, sincere and strife suspension can improve punctuality. Flexi time will create unnecessary hazards towards the people. However the recommendation of the Vth CPC can be introduced for maintaining punctuality. (Prosthetic and Orthotic Workshop Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation(PMR) AIIMS New Delhi)

      No (Commercial Intelligence and Statistics Employees Association Kolkata)

      This question is so vague in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the respective organisations to whom it relates. (Joint Consultative Machinery for Central Government Employees New Delhi)

      Concept of contractual appointment is considerable in following area (i) in case of group ‘D’ employees who are supposed to serve as security guard, peon and non-technical helper. (ii) other area of contractual appointment may be the project for specific period. (iii) In place of permanent appointment for all posts some posts can be filled by deputation amongst the interested/willing Central Govt. Deptt/State Govt. employees of the state, the deputation is needed. It may increase the punctuality up to some extent. (The Indian Hospital Pharmacists Association New Delhi)

      AS DECIDED BY THE COMMISSION (Civil Aviation Department Employees Union Chennai)

      No, there is no need to do this. (Ministry of Railways Delhi)

      A|is, This again will not be feasible, where it involves interaction with the public. However, the concept of bio-metric entry / exit can be explored. (Confederation of the Central Government Workers & Employees Kolkata)

      This again will not be feasible, where it involves interaction with the public. However, the concept of bio-metric entry / exit can be explored. (Confederation of Central Government Gazetted Officers Organisations)

      Yes. This can be introduced in all Government Offices. (Ministerial Staff of Metropolitan Transport Project (Railway) Chennai)

      Improving punctuality, uniform civil service duty hours to be introduced either peoples are working in industrial sector or purely working in office side. Computerized Punching system for attendance is to be introduced for the timely delivery of service to the Indian public. (India Clerical Employees Association Ambarnath)

      Yes. (Group B Association)

      Yes, may be introduced. (Paschim Railway Sthaniya Lokadhikaar Samiti Mumbai)

      17.2 New concept like flexi time should be introduced. (Association of Civilian Class Gr A Officers Survey of India Dehradun)

      The questions is very vague in the light of varied types of employees we represent all over the country. Various employees organisations would reply it. (All India State Employees Coordination Committee Central Office Chandigarh)

      Yes. (National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped Mumbai)

      yes (All India Passport Employees Association New Delhi)

      This could be discussed. (CSSS Gazetted Officers’ Association New Delhi)

      Yes, biometric entry/exit with flexi time system may be introduced (Directorate General Factory Advice Services and Labour Institutes (DGFASLI) Gazetted Officers Association Mumbai)

      We must introduce proper enforcement of punctuality in public office so that public is assured of availability of a public authority when they try to approach them. A system of Monday a public day and Tuesday a day for public representatives adopted in Gujarat is proving very useful there. It needed to be adopted every where. (Indian Administrative and Civil Service (Central) Association New Delhi)

      The time for flexi- office time has not yet arrived in our country; biometric entry/exit may be introduced for all employees in government. (The UP IAS Retired Officers Association Lucknow)

      New ways should be devised in such a manner that an employee does not feel harassed and punctuality is improved. (All India Narcotics Department Ministerial Officers Association Rajasthan)

      Yes (All India Association of Civilian Assistant Security Officers)

      AIOTA recommends application of new concepts as biometric entry/exit, flexi time etc. (All India Occupational Therapists’ Association New Delhi)

      Yes it will be difficult to monitor and need extra staff. (Senior Citizens Welfare Society Patiala)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Madhya Pradesh Sahayak Pashu Chikitsa Shetra Adhikari Sangh Bhopal)

      We are given to understand that the system of Bionieiric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it mav be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should he maintained. To us it is a question of etl , and morality, (All India Civil Accounts Employees Federation Calcutta)

      The existing system may be continued, as the new concept requires huge fund which is useless in small unit like Post office. (All India Savings Bank Control Employees’ Union West Bengal)

      Yes. Flexi time with biometric entry/exist can be thought of. However, care should be taken to avoid contradiction in application of flexi time vs. punctuality and output/performance of workforce. (Central University Employees Co-Ordination Committee New Delhi)

      This again will not be feasible, where it involves interaction with the public. However, the concept of bio-metric entry / exit can be explored. (All India Accounts & Audit Officers’ Association Mumbai)

      We have been feeling earlier also that technical staff may be given additional emoluments for their qualifications and the linked odd duty hours. As a first step, we must ensure their promotion inter alia maintaining their social status vis-a-vis their counterparts in Administrative Services by providing in-cadre scales or by such other methods. Secondly, there should be even a requisite non-practicing allowance to the extent of 30 to 40% of their basic pay, etc. (Central Electrical Mechanical Engineers Group A (DR) Association of CPWD)

      Punctuality needs very considerable improvement, Biometric entry/exit method would be useful. However, a lot more strict supervision, personal example by senior officers and, in suitable cases appropriate punishment may also be useful. (Retired Senior Police Officers’ Association Uttar Pradesh)

      Biometric entry/ exit may be introduced for improvement of punctuality. (National Test House Kolkata)

      Please call it anything – bio-metric, time-monitored etc. There must be’ a device and a register, to check/monitor the outside movement of every member of the staff every day. The man-hours loss this way in different departments in every place in the country has been very high. This must be first checked. No amount spent on this requirement would be a waste, as the return is oriented towards work-discipline and office-image. (The Karnataka Government Pensioners’ Association Bangalore)

      • We may suggest later. (All India Railway Protection Force (RPF) Association New Delhi)

      Yes. Depending on the specific functioning of the office. As to be decided by the Scientific Organizations/Advisory set up at highest level. (Government of India Directorate of Estates New Delhi)

      There are no views furnished. (All India Central P.W.D. Office Staff Association New Delhi)

      No comments. (Indian Meteorological Department Non Gazetted Administration Staff Association New Delhi)

      Yes (Technical Gazetted Officers Association New Delhi)

      We are given to understand the system of Biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (All India Malaria Workers Association Delhi)

      This question is so vague in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the respective organisations to whom it relates. (South Central Railway Mazdoor Union 7C Railway Building Secunderabad AP)

      Yes (Sardar Sarovar Construction Advisory Committee Ministry of Water Resources)

      Introduction of punching / swipe card for mustering will help to retain the good punctuality of biometric entry / exit. (Technical Assistants’ Association)

      Yes. (Indian Telecom Service Association New Delhi)

      Be introduce the new system of bipmetric entry for the better service to the citizen of India. (Member of Delhi Radiographers Welfare Association Shahadra)

      Flexi time is not advisable but biometric entry/exit should be introduced it should include all from low level till head of the Company. So as close monitoring of employees is appreciated. (Hyderabad Security Printing Press Mazdoor Union Hyderabad)

      There is no time of working of Revenue Staff at the call cf circumstances, we have to work. (All India Land and Revenue Employees Welfare Association Delhi)

      For improvement in punctuality new concepts like flexi time and biometric entry/exit be introduced. But grant of any kind of leave should not be refused. When 08 days Casual Leave & 30 days Earned Leave are authorized to the employees, they should be allowed liberty to avail leave stands in their leave account. Necessary amendment in the leave rules be proposed in this regard. (All India NCC Defence Employees Association Maharashtra)

      Yes. (Scientific Officers Association Geological Survey of India Cochin)

      Yes. (N.T.C. Employees Association Indore)

      Flexi time concept with result oriented output may be desirable (EEPZ Ministry of Commerce & Industry Mumbai)

      Electronic card access systems are already in use in many of the government offices. Though it started with security as prime objective, it is capable of serving the above needs. This can be promoted in more offices. (Scientist / Engineer-SC (Electronics) India Space Research Organisation Ahmedabad)

      Persuasion and ensuring discipline can improve punctuality. (National Library Employees Association Kolkata)

      17.2 Strict measures should be adopted to maintain the punctuality (Central Pension Union Kanpur)

      It may be introduced to some sectors. (All India Defence Accounts Association Pune)

      If flexi time concept is introduced then only it is possible to introduce biometric entry/ exist. Otherwise it is not fair to introduce such type of entry/exist system, as the employees face a lot of problems in coming to office as most of them are living far away from office premises mainly in metropolitan cities and townships as they are not capable of paying the high rent for accommodation nearest to office area. (Armed Forces Headquarters Employees Association New Delhi)

      For improving the punctuality it is not fair & affective to introduce the new concept of flexi time and biometric entry / exit as it will lead to inefficiency red tapism and hardship in the office working. It would be difficult in this system to access the dealing personnel. This will adversely effect the coherent and co-ordinate working. (All India Federation of Diploma Engineers)

      Efforts must be made to improve punctuality (Anthropological Survey of India Ministry of Culture Kolkata)

      Yes, if necessary. (WPC & Monitoring Group ‘A’ Officers’ Association Delhi)

      Only responsible empolyees should be employed as regular Govt. servants/officers and rest may be on contractual appointments as per requirements time to time. (Uttrakhand Pradesh Congress Committee Dehradun)

      Entrance gates should be closed to introduce punctuality in attendance. No concession for those who could not enter due to controllable reason. (Association of Retired IAS Officers Bihar)

      Yes, but slowly. Monthly apprisal report system, with copy endorsement to employees. (All India MES Civilian Engineers Association New Delhi)

      Yes, should be introduced with adequate monitoring mechanism in place. (Indian Forest Service Association New Delhi)

      Yes (All India Association of Clerical Employees of Ordnance Factories Ishapore West Bengal)

      This union agrees with the concept of flexi time. (WPC and Monitoring Non Gazetted Staff Union Madangir New Delhi)

      The new concept of flexy time could be introduced Introducing new concept- flexi time can improve functionality and time bared completion of job* There is no harm to introduce bio-matric entry/exit time to ensure proper puncuality but any system introduced in the Country must be applicable for the entire lot. Humbly submitted, if i?WA- TJAJA PARK -25 -ever you have/seen the availability of ‘MPs/MLAs/Councillors in the Houses, which is the highest Forum of India but there in seen very thin, presence of MPs/MLAs. In the absence of verification of the records, it cannot be said whether the Hon’ble Commission will be able to tight the puncu&lity position in the houses too. (Welfare Association Residents of Raja Park(Regd.) Delhi)

      Same as above. (Association of Scientific Assistants National Test House Kolkata)

      We agree with your suggestion in question No. 17.2 that punctuality is a pre¬requisite essence for survival and growth of any organization and hence welcome your suggestion to introduce biometric entry/exist system. (National Defence Non Gazetted Staff Association Lourdes Bldg Rambaug Lane No 6 Murbad Road Kalyan)

      Yes (Association of DAVP Professionals Soochna Bhawan CGO Complex Lodhi Road New Delhi)

      17.2 Introducing concepts like flex-time will improve punctuality and productivity. (spices board)

      This system would not work in front-line field organizations. However, this can be adopted in a pooled work environment (Staff Association (NGO))

      Ans: Punctuality is a required thing but the same is not synonymous with efficiency. Bio-metric entry/exit is not a panacea which may cure the illness afflicting the Governmental organ. Strict enforcement of the existing rules and regulations and a dedicated cadre is what is required for improving Government services. (All India Railway Accounts Staff Association Mumbai)

      Flexi time and bio -metric entry/exit can be experimented in some technical areas where continuous engagements is not required. (All India Station Masters Association New Delhi)

      Yes, it can be done. (Indian Civil Accounts Officer’s Association New Delhi)

      It is suggested that a national level convention may be called for discussion on the above subject. (All India Association of Statistical Investigators Delhi)

      Yes. (Hanuman Nagar Colony Hyderabad)

      Honest, sincere and strict supervision can improve punctuality. Flexi time will create unnecessary hazard towards the people. However, the recommendation of Vth CPC can be introduced for maintaining punctuality. (National Sample Survey Employees Organisation Kolkata)

      Present system may continue. (All India Engineering Drawing Staff Association New Delhi)

      Strict sense of discipline and motivation for work to be developed at all level of administration. (All India State Government Employees’ Federation Kolkata)

      There is a necessity of improving the punctuality. what should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organizations. The respective organizations will formulate their views in this regard. (Confederation Of Central Government Empolyees and Workers New Delhi)

      Yes (Defence Research and Development Organisation Vechicles Research and Development Establishment Ahmednagar)

      17.2. There is no compromise in maintaining punctuality in the office. Web camera can be installed in office to see the movement of employee in the office. (All India Census Electronic Data Processing Staff Association Ministry of Home Affairs)

      Punctuality in Govt. offices must be enforced with all the strictness and for that any modern measures like biometric/ entry / exit must be introduced. (MK Bakshy Air Force Association)

      Yes. New concepts like flexi time and biometric entry/exixt may be introduced for improving punctuality. (Civil Engineering Draughtsmen Welfare Association Civil Construction Wing Delhi)

      No. (Industrial Employees Union Kolkata)

      Concept of flexi time can be experimented as it appear to be quite practical in most Govt. offices in the present socio-economic setup. (Draughtsmens’ Cartographic Association Dehradun)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. In our opinion, persuasion and ensuring discipline and punctuality can be improved. Honest, sincere and strict supervision can improve it. (All India Association of Ministerial Staff (Group C) Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation Bhopal)

      Biometric entry – exit system must be introduced in all offices. This will greatly reduce late coming of staff. (Association of Retired Forest Officers Andhra Pradesh)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a quest of ethics and morality. (Central Drugs Laboratory Staff Association KYD Street Kolkata)

      Yes. (Arunachal Pradesh Secretariat Employees Association (APSEA) Itanagar)

      Yes. (Eastern Railway Engnieers’ Association Kolkata)

      Not advisable /Fair. (Indian Railway Singal and Telecommunication Staff Association Gorakhpur)

      Desirable provided they are strictly implemented for all levels of organisation. (Indian Forest Service Association Maharashtra)

      Biometric machines should be installed in all larger organizations to improve the punctuality. (Town and Country Planning Organisation)

      It depends upon the nature of work carried out by the departments (Federation of Puducherry Government Employees Associations Puducherry)

      This question is so vogue in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the relates. respective organisations to whom it (Geological Survey of India Employee’s Association Hyderabad)

      • We may suggest later. (All India Railway Protection Force (RPF) Association Railway Board Rail Bhawan New Delhi)

      Punctuality is one thing which has to be strictly enforced at each level and by what ever means. Punctuality is the key to Discipline and good governance. (Indian Defence Service of Engineers Association)

      This concept is not acceptable to GENC. The pre¬ condition for introduction of any such useful device is used to benefit the employees concerned and it should convince the employees concerned. Flexi-time concept can be considered only for needy women employees and the employees who are in distress to take care of his dependant family members in hospital, etc. (Postal Employees Federation New Delhi)

      Yes, it is required. (DRDO STAs Association ADE Branch Navin Market Kanpur)

      This would adversely affect the morale of Govt. Servants, hence this should be discouraged. (Civil Accounts Association Category III (Group C & D) Patna)

      Yes (Federation of U.P. Pensioners Lucknow)

      For us understanding of work biometric is very difficult. If it is concerned with mustering in and out of personnel even during normal time using computer, such system already functional in an establishment like ours and may be in existence elsewhere also. However, introduction of such system now gives to us an impression that such system is introduced without the force of law. In any case, no importance need be given to this concept now. (GTRE Employees Union Gas Turbine Research Establishment CV Raman Nagar Bangalore)

      Performance linked service conditions for which every person is accountable for their targets will definitely make the person punctual. In addition introduction of biometric entry/exist will yield better result. (NBCC Limited Agartala)

      This question is so vague in the light of the types of the employees we represent. Hence this may be replied on questioning by the respective organizations to which it relates. (N.F.Railway Mazdoor Union Guwahati)

      Should be re-evaluated. However, the status quo should be maintained till reevaluation. (All India National Cadet Corps Defence Civilian Employees Association Lucknow)

      Punctuality should be improved and maintained. For this chip based card system, which is required for entry and exit should be introduced. The concept of flexi-time is neither practicable nor justified. (All India Central P.W.D. Employees’ Union New Delhi)

      Yes, excluding the group A service officers as they are more mobile in view of their job requirements and any Entry/ Exit record may necessitate more paper work for explanations and substantiating their movements. (Power Engineers Association Central Electricity Authority)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry/ exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Gujarat State Employees Confederation Gandhinagar Gujarat)

      We understand that the system of Biometric entry/exit has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be considered whether the system could be introduced in general. (AIR and Doordarshan Stenographers Association New Delhi)

      In order to ensure punctuality and proper discharge of worker any step including introduction of bio-metric entry/ exit is welcome. (All India Central Govt. Health Scheme Employees Association New Delhi)

      No (All India Central Labour Welfare Staff Association)

      As mentioned above. (E.S.I.S. Hospital Worli Mumbai)

      Yes, but slowly. (Confederation of Defence Recognised Association (CDRA) Delhi)

      Yes (Income Tax Appellate Tribunal Bar Association Maharishi Karve Marg Mumbai)

      Family Pension : On the death of the employee the spouse should not receive less pension but should continue to receive same pension and allowances until the youngest child is 25 years of age. (Air Force Association (Western Zone) Pune)

      By persuasion and ensuring discipline punctuality can be improved. (Zoological Survey of India Staff Association Gr C and D (Regd) Kolkata)

      Yes, it should be introduced. (Northen Railway Mens Union New Delhi)

      Now new tactics is required to be introduced as the government employees are already punctual. There is already the provision of maintaining an attendance register in the supervisor of a Gazetted officer as per Office Procedure Manuel. The higher authorities may also check the attendance by surprise/regular personal visits and also call the attendance register. Moreover, the tactics of biometric entry/exit can’t be applied in the case of the field offices. Actually, it is devised for the industrial labour class engaged in the true sense productivity of the goods. The productivity produced by the Govt. employees is, actually, in the field of the services and they can never be given a treatment like an industrial labour. Even more, the reporting officers would not be able to assess the punctuality of the officers under them to fill up the said column in the ACR from by the use of the biometric system of entry/exit. Now, they are able to do it very well because of the attendance register being in their direct custody & regular supervision. It is also well pertinent to mention that the Govt. employees are already doing work rather beyond the duty hours due to being over work-loaded & facing acute shortage of the staff with the lack of basic amenities and other requirements. Such tactics can never be applied in the case of the Superintendents of Central Excise as they are the field works already doing their duties in the oddest hours of the day as well as night. They are working in the early hours of the morning, late hours in the night and the midnight without taking rest irrespective of the weather either it is severe cold or acute heat or high rains. Actually, they are already performing their duties beyond the prescribed duty hours. (All India Federation of Central Excise Gazetted Executive Officers Delhi Unit)

      Bio-metric attendance machines may be introduced to monitor the attendance of officers/staff. This should be enforced strictly. (Foreign Trade Employees Union)

      Fixed the responsibility and get the work. (GEODESY Kolkata)

      Biometric entry/exit for all officers and staff. Discharged armed forces personnel should be recruited through exams in Central Sectt. (Ishwar Datt Charitable Trust Delhi)

      May be introduced at selective cases. (Indian Forest Service Association Tripura Unit)

      Bio metric entry/exit should certainly be introduced wherever possible. (Securities Appellate Tribunal Mumbai)

      Yes. (Nagarik Hakka Samrakshan Manch Pune)

      Yes. (Senior Citizen Resident Welfare Association Delhi)

      Yes. (Animal Welfare Board of India Chennai)

      This could be specified by the proposed study group as suggested above. (Commercial Intelligence Union Kolkata)

      Sufficient transportation facility is to be provided. (Kendreeya Sarkar Hindi Karmachari Sangh Kerala)

      We are given to understand that the system of Biometric entry / exist has already been introduced in certain organizations. On the basis of the experience drawn from such practice, it may be decided whether this system may be made general. But we would like to emphasis that punctuality should be maintained. To us it is a question of ethics and morality. (Rastriya Natya Vidhayalaya Workers Union)

      Yes. This will improve the delivery of service and waiting time for the public to get any service from Govt. departments. (National Productivity Council New Delhi)

      No. (Uttariya Railway Mazdoor Union Ludhiana Branch)

      Yes. (Union Territory of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli)

      The flexi time is a good concept but not only the entry and exit time control is sufficient to improve the Govt. Sector working. It is widely seen that some one, who is a good worker having rush of work where as those who are getting pay as pension having on burden being not sincere. The system not want to waste its energy to tight up such employee, who are neither good worker nor sincere to their assigned work. It is there fore suggested to provide out put generating system and an individual should be analyzed periodically not yearly and grading system of performance(A to E) should be introduced in place of ACRs, which should not be confidential but be circulated quarterly by the controlling officer so that efforts can be made to improve the working. (All India Railway Engineers Federation Jhansi)

      No. (Scientific Officers Association Geological Survey of India Jabalpur Unit)

      Yes, biometric (use of this technology). (DANICS Association Delhi)

      Yes, Biometrice entry/ exit should be introduced. (Western Railway Engineers Association Valsad Branch)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organizations to organization. The respective organizations should formulate their approach in consultation with the employees organizations. (The Association of Junior Engineers Central Water Commission Ministry of Water Resources Faridabad)

      YES. (Universities Officers Association West Bengal)

      For improving punctuality, strict and quick disciplinary action is required. (Office of the Supdt of Police Neemuch Bhopal)

      ANS: Should be left to organizations to decide. (National Human Rights Commission New Delhi)

      We agree with the necessity of improving the punctuality. What should be done in the matter will vary from organisation to organisation. The respective organizations will formulate their views in this regard. (Commercial Audit Association of Assistant Audit Officers and Section Officers)

      May be tried. (CRI Employees Union Kasauli)

      By introducing flexi time. (Ministry of Health Family Welfare Department of Ayush Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine)

      For improving punctuality, rules need to be more strict as after a specificied number of late comings or early goings from the offices, the proportionate deduction in the pay of concerned employee be allowed. (Central Council of Homoeopathy)

      yes, biometric entry should be introduced in the Govt. Offices. (Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha Janakpuri New Delhi)

August 29, 2007

Biometrics India – E-passports

The Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs, Shri E. Ahamed informed the Lok Sabha today in a written reply to a question that the Government have decided to introduce e-passports, also known as bio-metric passports, initially for diplomats and officials as a pilot project by the end of 2007. Based on the experience gained from this pilot project, it is proposed to start issuance of e-passports in the ordinary category by the end of 2008. A Technical Committee has been constituted to finalise the technical specifications of the e-passports and this matter is under examination.The cost of converting ordinary into bio-metric passports will be worked out on the basis of the technical specifications that are finalised.

The Government have been continually taking a number of steps to bring about more transparency in Passport Offices. These include computerisation of all Passport Offices, introduction of on-line registration, tele-enquiry, passport adalats, strengthening of grievance redressal mechanism, etc. The National Institute of Smart Government (NISG), Hyderabad has prepared a comprehensive study on passport issuance system. The implementation of this report will, inter alia, enhance further transparency in the functioning of Passport Offices.

Source: Government of India Press Information Bureau

August 24, 2007

Biometrics in 40,000 Schools of India

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Project Titled : “Fingerprint Biometric Attendance System for Primary Schools in Narmada District (Gujarat)”.

Brief Description:

Supply, installation and commissioning of 600 numbers of standalone Fingerprint Biometric Machines in various primary schools in Narmada District (Gujarat)

Tender Ref.: DPN/FBAS/01/2006

District Panchayat – Narmada
Jilla Panchayat Bhawan-Narmada,
Near Karjan Irrigation Project Office,
Rajpipla, Dist. Narmada (Gujarat) 393 145

Background:

To ensure full enrolment of all eligible students and to reduce drop-out rate in primary education, Government of Gujarat launched “Shala Praveshotsav” (Enrolment Drive) and “Kanya Kelavani Rath” (Girl Chid Education Campaign) from the year 2003. This programme has been very successful and is achieving full enrolment of all the eligible students. 

The extent of coverage of primary education in the state has been satisfactory but high rate of drop-out is a matter of serious concern. In the last three years, the Primary Education Department of Government of Gujarat has introduced several schemes to address the problem of drop-outs.

While lots of initiatives are being taken to improve primary education, it is equally important to sustain and deepen these reforms. After the success of enrolment drives with the achievement of full enrolment, the challenge now is to improve retention and reduce the drop-out.

Apart from socio-economic reasons, absenteeism of teachers, particularly in tribal areas and remote villages is one of the most important reasons for high dropout rates. All noble initiatives of the State Government lose effectiveness and seriousness, when teachers remain absent without due permission, for a long period. Above entioned areas, which are also the areas of lowest female literacy rates are suffering a lot because of this problem. It is urgently needed to have a strong and reliable mechanism to monitor attendance of teachers and students.

In order to have strict watch on the attendance of the teachers and the students, a Fingerprint Biometric School Attendance System was proposed for Narmada District. Government of Gujarat has accepted the proposal and has sanctioned a pilot project of a Fingerprint Biometric Attendance System for all primary schools in Narmada District to be implemented by the District Panchayat – Narmada (Rajpipla). After implementation, Narmada probably will become the first district in the country to cover all primary schools by a Fingerprint Biometric Attendance System.

Pilot Project:

The pilot project is planned to cover 680 primary schools, 70 Cluster Resource Centres (CRCs) and 4 Block Resources Centres (BRCs) in Narmada District. It will cover around 2508 teachers and 76,000 students. A stand alone fingerprint biometric machine with external un-interrupted power supply upto 12 hours will be installed in each primary school for recording attendance of teachers as well as students. At the end of the month, the attendance data will be transported to the taluka (Block) HQ in a portable memory device like a pen drive. This attendance data will be processed with the help of a software application for getting pay rolls of teachers and other various reports.

The pilot project has a great scope of further expansion depending upon its success in Narmada district. Narmada district is one of the most backward districts of Gujarat having predominant tribal population and low literacy indicators. The pilot model of biometric attendance system is most likely to be replicated in all other districts of Gujarat if it is tested successful in a district like Narmada. The expanded project is expected to cover around 40,000 schools, which are to be covered, in a phased manner, in the coming 2-3 years.

Pilot Project Implementation:

As an implementing agency District Panchayat – Narmada (Rajpipla) has decided that the procurement of the standalone Fingerprint Biometric Machines (FBMs) along with accessories would be through National Competitive Bidding while the software application would be developed by the NIC-Gujarat. To carry out this objective, District Panchayat – Narmada proposes to finalise a rate contract with only manufacturers of Fingerprint Biometric Machines (FBMs) in India for supply, installation and commissioning of standalone FBMs as per specifications given in the tender document.

Card-Based Systems and Biometric Applications to Drive Security Markets

Source: http://www.networkcomputing.in/InfSecurityAug10-07CardBasedSystemsandBiometricApplicationstoDriveSecurityMarkets.aspx 

Heightened concerns over security along with liberalization and strong economic growth have driven the Asia Pacific region toward high-end electronic access control systems in recent years.

The sheer size of the market combined with low penetration levels make for huge market potential, and the advent of IP-based surveillance systems, the development of property sector in Asia acific, and fewer biometrics regulatory issues in Asia Pacific as compared to other markets such as the United States and the United Kingdom are all expected to contribute to the future growth of electronic access control systems (EACS) in the region, said a new analysis from Frost and Sullivan.

The analysis on Electronic Access Control Systems Market in Selected APAC Countries, revealed that revenues in this market totaled $0.50 billion in 2006, and are likely to reach $1.34 billion in 2013.

“EACS have been growing in importance since the last ten years and the primary reasons for this are the sophistication and increased security offered by them and also the flexibility in their deployment that provides numerous reconfiguring options to customers,” said Frost & Sullivan Analysts Parul Oswal and Navin Rajendra. “Additionally, the overriding need to reduce fraud across government and commercial settings is boosting the demand for EACS. Both governments and corporate are deploying access control technology for applications ranging from time and attendance to physical access.”

Among EACS product types, keypads presently account for the highest revenue percent share in the EACS markets of countries examined in this study. However, this is likely to change by 2013, with some countries expected to leapfrog keypads and go to card-based or biometrics-based technologies that provide higher security.

“On the other hand access cards, comprising proximity and contactless, are likely to experience increased adoption rates, and their share is expected to increase from 32.6 percent in 2008 to almost 60.0 percent by 2013,” said Oswal. “Demand for biometrics is also likely to increase due to technology advancement, increasing concerns over security and the growing urgency to catch up with the western markets.”

Notwithstanding these positives, high investment and the cost of integration of the technology with the existing backend system are likely to be key restraints for the markets growth. Moreover, as there are no local integrators in the Asia Pacific region, there is a dearth of quality integration services, leading to poor market penetration for many technologies.

“Employee ID projects in private organizations do not enjoy the same economies of scale as government projects, due to the lower rate of card shipments, leading to an increased cost of deployment,” she said. “Hence, the resultant ROI for medium-sized companies with a few tens of thousands of employees is relatively low.”

Overall, market growth is expected to be driven primarily by cards-based systems and biometric applications. Offering competitive prices to end users is likely to be a key success factor due to increasing competition from lower cost providers, especially those from China and Taiwan.

A fingerprint for the future

Source: http://www.businessworldindia.com/feb2304/invogue.asp 

Never underestimate the importance of a one-millimeter piece of flesh. It matters if you are going to jail, receiving rations, or late to work. It matters while going to the temple, trading in the market or flying to the US. The minute ridges of skin that make up your fingerprint are set to be among your most precious possessions. Biometric solutions are entering public life.

Biometrics is the science of identifying a person using some unique physical characteristic. There are five basic ways to identify humans through biometric technology: fingerprint, voiceprint, retina/iris scan, hand geometry and facial recognition. Of these, the fingerprint is the most popular. It’s easy to use and reliable, with an average accuracy of 98%.

Of course, there are many things that could reduce the accuracy of a print. Like a hand covered in dust. Or oil. Or sandalwood. That’s what Bartronics was up against when it developed the largest biometric system in the world for the temples of Tirupati and Tirumala. With roughly 4,000 pilgrims arriving daily, and over one lakh during festivals, they had to develop a system of crowd control that could take on the numbers – and the puja powder.

Tirupati Tirumala Devasthanam (the organisation that runs the temples) first worked with Bartronics four years ago to help pilgrims avoid waiting all day for their chance to enter. “When I visit the temple, I’m not sure when I will see the Lord,” says Bhanu Prakash, vice-president (operations and projects) of Bartronics. They initially developed a system of bar codes on taffeta wristbands. But these were hard to stock, the waste was not biodegradable, and they suspected people were selling bands with better timings. A biometric system with touchless fingerprint scanning became the answer to their prayers.

Though the high-tech security and access restriction that biometric solutions provide may seem a strange brew when mixed with religion, it is a sign that the technology is moving beyond top-secret places like military installations. The biometrics market in India has moved up from about $1 million three years ago to $2.5 million-3 million in 2003. Indeed, biometrics is now cropping up in all sorts of unlikely areas.

Chandrababu Naidu’s government in Andhra Pradesh uses biometrics and smart cards for security. Various state, police and city offices in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka use fingerprint clock-in systems for workers, which ensures both accurate paycheques and punctual employees. The UN Refugee Association recently hauled an iris scanner to Pakistan to prevent locals posing as Afghan refugees from receiving aid disbursements. Kerala issued fingerprint-enabled ration cards. And the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) recently created a central market database called Mapin. Sebi requires biometric information (among other things) from any market intermediary in order to monitor market transactions and provide transparency. The database will eventually cover everyone involved, including retail investors.

But perhaps the most far-reaching use of biometrics in India will start in the next few weeks. The Indian Census, with the support of the Central government, will roll out its National ID Card pilot programme in 13 districts of 13 states. The mundane information, like name, date of birth, etc., has already been collected from the pilot’s three million participants. Now each village in the 13 districts will be visited by a fingerprint scanner and a camera for picture identification. The fingerprint data will be encoded in smart cards, which will serve as permanent national IDs.

“We are making this facility available to people at their doorsteps, literally,” says J.K. Banthia, Census commissioner and registrar general. Census employees will knock on doors and get people to registration facilities, which will fingerprint about 150 persons a day. They hope to put an ID that will be linked to all government databases – pensions, healthcare, rations, land records et al -in the hands of every Indian.

Having such a card would not only make governance easier, it would also lift the domestic biometric industry. Though Banthia does not discuss costs, he believes the project will be “a big boost to the IT sector as a whole”. Bartronics’ Prakash says the industry is expecting a windfall from the national ID plan. “Everybody (in the biometrics business) is trying to get contracts and tie up with companies abroad,” he says.

Waiting for God: Fingerprint scanning quickens entry into a Tirupati temple

Domestic companies need to have good contacts abroad, as no one in India is capable of producing the core technology – the scanning apparatus – yet. This is because it requires huge investments and specialist expertise. Dheeraj Kumar of BioEnable, an Indian firm that develops and manufactures non-core hardware and software for biometric systems, says: “There are some things which we need, and we weave the system around them.” Mumbai-based biometrics firm Jaypeetex has tied up with US-based Bioscript to get the core technology. And while the US, Europe and Japan are still the sources for most core technology, companies in Taiwan and Korea are also starting to manufacture the technology.

Biometrics At Your Desktop?

In 2000, Frost & Sullivan found the size of the Indian biometrics market was just 6% of the total electronic access control (EAC) market then. But it was also projected as the fastest growing EAC market segment: Frost & Sullivan expected it to touch $2.5 million-3 million by end 2003. That figure, say industry folk, has been reached. About 20 companies are involved in biometrics in India now. Though the market is still very open, companies like Jaypeetex, Datamatics, Zicom and Johnson Controls are leaders.

In the rest of the world, the market is rising, but isn’t reaching any lofty heights. There is no identifiable leader; the main players are NEC, Infineon, Fujitsu MicroElectornics, Atmel and Iridian, to name a few. According to Acuity Market Intelligence, a US company that publishes regular biometrics reports, the post 9/11 projections for the industry were overblown. Having set global revenues targets between $500 million and $1 billion by 2003 for the core biometrics technology (which accounts for around one-fourth of the entire biometrics market), the actual 2003 numbers were just $240 million-400 million. One reason for the lag is that pro-privacy groups have lobbied hard against the use of biometrics in public spheres. Another was the technology’s high cost.

But now, costs are coming down world-wide. When Girish Podar started Jaypeetex back in 1994, he sold fingerprint scanning devices for over Rs 2 lakh. Now, he sells working devices with fingerprint scanners for Rs 25,000. This price includes an intelligent processor, memory – the works. Also, the 100%-plus tax on imported technology is down to around 30%. Face and iris scanners are still expensive, with prices above Rs 1 lakh.

Iris recognition is expensive and inconvenient, but it’s the most accurate, measuring more than 250 distinct features. Fingerprint scanning captures 40-60. Finger scanning has several methods such as optical, ultrasound and silicon sensors, which work in different ways. Atmel’s silicon sensor chip, for example, measures temperature differences between ridges of the fingertip.

Though higher growth is expected in the physical security sector, like at airports and offices, the logical security sector is expected to follow. Personal biometric product prices are down, and more fingerprint scanners are being added to keyboards, mice and mobile phones for those who seek extra security. Some experts say that some predict the technology will be included in every PC shipped out after 2005. A stand-alone personal biometric solution made and sold in the US costs $120. A personal iris scanner costs $250.

Brave New World

Police have used fingerprints to track the bad guys for a century, but what happens to data collected from lawful citizens? In the US, new immigration laws require foreigners who enter the country to get a fingerprint scan. It’s part of the work of the Department of Homeland Security, which recently awarded a $10-million contract for the technology. The department wants to collect as much information about people as possible, and use computer algorithms and human analysis to detect potential criminal or terrorist activity. Biometric technology has been proposed (some claim it is already being used) to identify and track individuals from a distance through technologies like face recognition or gait recognition. Some members of the international community, as well as many US citizens, feel these programmes invade privacy.
In India, biometric technology has not created a stir yet. Officials acknowledge the technology’s uses in security and the privacy issues they could throw up, but are hesitant to talk about them in detail. Instead, they talk of the benefits.

US Homeland Security head Tom Ridge (C) at a US airport: Getting the fingerprint

Census commissioner Banthia says: “Obviously, security will be one of the issues, but not the theme.” V.R. Narasimhan, the senior vice-president of the National Securities Depository (which is implementing Mapin for Sebi), says: “The system can be used for different purposes, depending upon the user’s imagination.” However, he wants to wait and see the Mapin system in place and working before he starts looking at any other uses.

Both men stress that the technology would actually improve personal security by tracking and preventing fraud, both in the markets and in the government sphere. “It should make life easy for the people…. The interaction should be made transparent,” Banthia says. Narasimhan hopes that Mapin can curb illegal activities. The database would contain comprehensive information of market participants, which would be available online for anyone interested in checking out their intermediaries before they enter into transactions.

Jaypeetex’s Podar sees the potential for privacy problems on the horizon, though he thinks there are none at present. “For all applications, other than the really large ones, we do not store fingerprint images. We create simple ASCII files from the images and then discard the images.”

Then, there is the fear that the technology, especially fingerprinting, is not unbeatable. European papers reported that two German hackers have said they developed a technique using latex fingertip patches to defeat scanners without being detected by security cameras. Also, Japanese students say they can dupe some scanners using gelatin finger moulds, known as ‘gummy fingers’.

Yet the world is full of true believers like Podar, who sees biometrics changing the future. “If you are looking for a positive identification or verification of persons, this is the best technology,” he says. “God has given it to us for free, we just need to work on it.”

Thumb-Print Banking Takes India

source: http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2007/01/72284

CHENNAI, India — Banks and ATM machines are an unfamiliar sight in the rural countryside here, but the government hopes to change that with new technology that could ease the transition from cash to computers.

A pilot program will put 15 biometric ATMs at village kiosks in five districts across southern India. The machines are expected to serve about 100,000 workers who will use fingerprint scanners, rather than ATM cards and PINs, to obtain their funds.

Biometric ATMs are already in use in Colombia and a few locations in Japan, but haven’t caught on in much of the rest of the world. As a result, biometrics companies are watching the experiment closely as a potential watershed for the industry.

Nagaraj Mylandla, managing director of Financial Software and Systems, which helped design security protocol for the new system, said there are 35,000 non-biometric ATMs in India today. In three years the number of machines is expected to triple to more than 100,000, leaving a window of opportunity for suppliers to make the new technology standard issue for all new machines.

The increase will mean that just about every rural village and outpost will have access to the world’s financial backbone and, if the pilot program is successful, fingerprint identification could become standard, even for private bank transactions.

“Many banks here are keen on this idea of doing away with ATM cards,” said Sunil Udupa, CEO of AGS Infotech, the company supplying the first batch of ATMs to the five districts in India. “Whether it is practically possible is a very different question, but the interest is huge.”

Officials hope the plan will bring billions of rupees currently being held in private hands into the banking mainstream, and that it might even shelter the country’s poor from the ravages of inflation, theft and widespread corruption.

For example, some believe e-banking will help eliminate several layers of middlemen who manage, and often siphon off, government-allocated funds earmarked for low-income workers.

Under the current system, money gets sent from the government coffers and passes through the desks of dozens of bureaucrats and private contractors. Each tends to take a cut along the way so the money that reaches workers is usually only a fraction of what was allocated. Electronic banking will eliminate the middlemen, and provide a real increase in rural wages.

“This is really meant to cut down on corruption,” said Mylandla. “The whole structure is designed so that only the people at the end get the money. No one in between can steal it along the way.”

The program is not without its critics, however.

For example, privacy issues may arise in switching from user-generated numeric codes to bio-data. According to Mylandla and Udupi, law-enforcement agencies have already expressed interest in having access to the data for fraud prevention and to track known criminals through fingerprint transactions. It is unknown what other agencies might be able to see the data.

Another concern is that in some of the more crime-ridden areas of the country, fingerprint IDs could give rise to a new sort of crime where bandits chop off digits in order to withdraw cash from ATMs. Without a PIN code, a robber would be able to enter an account using a severed thumb.

In the last several years there have been several incidents of bandits chopping off hands to retrieve gold bangles from women’s wrists, and last year in Malaysia bandits cut off the thumb of a man driving a sports car in order to activate the biometric thumbprint ignition.

Those implementing the biometric machines in India scoff at the idea that this could become a problem.

“I have heard of instances where people get held up and gunpoint and told to enter their ATM pins with ordinary cards,” said Gopal Shekar, director of corporate communications at FSS. “The danger of violence is the same with biometric cards. Besides, the most anyone can withdraw in a day is 10,000 rupees ($230). Who would kill someone for so little?”

Whether that proves true or not, bringing poor farmers into the banking fold won’t be easy. The project will have to overcome communication barriers posed by the thousands of dialects in the country, not to mention illiteracy and unfamiliarity with computers.

The first prototype ATMs used PIN codes and written instructions, and failed miserably.

“The main problem is that most farmers are illiterate and only speak local dialects,” said Udupa. “The farmers couldn’t remember their PIN codes and didn’t understand the on-screen instructions. So we developed a fingerprint interface with audio and visual instructions that they could understand.”

Udupa thinks farmers are comfortable with fingerprint technology because they have already been introduced to other government projects that use biometrics. Bhoomi, a widely accepted land-record program in the state of Karnataka, uses fingerprints to verify owners of land records.

Biometric solution to avoid duplication of PAN cards


P Chidambaram

New Delhi: Concerned over increasing misuse of Permanent Account Number (PAN) cards, the Government is likely to introduce biometric solution so that no one can get a duplicate card. A joint Working Group in the Ministry of Finance has given its report after obtaining technical and commercial proposals from leading biometric solution providers, Finance Minister P Chidambaram said in Lok Sabha during Question Hour. “The report is under consideration at present,” the minister said. He also informed the House, that the number of persons suspected to have duplicate PANs are estimated to be 13,10,127 through out the country. The verification exercise as of August 10, 2007 has been completed in respect of 11,43,919 persons, out of which 10,18421 PAN cards have been found to be duplicate and have been deactivated. On the biometric solution, the Minister said “it was being considered so that no one could obtain duplicate card”. Replying to another question with regard to cloning of credit cards resulting in frauds, Chidambaram said: Out of millions of cards issued through out India only 127 instances were reported in 2006 and the amount involved was Rs 235.42 lakh. While in 2007, till June, 61 cases have come forward involving Rs 123.11 crore. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) as a part of its supervisory process has been sensitising banks from time to time about common fraud prone areas, modus operandi and the measures to be taken by them to prevent or reduce the incidence of frauds in banks. Chidambaram, however, said that it was the responsibility of owner of a credit card to ensure that no body could misuse it. Asked whether any bank employee was involved in cloning of credit cards, the minister said no such instance has been reported. On the proposed unique identification card for multi purposes, Chidamabaram said: The Ministry of Home Affairs was examining the matter and had also launched a pilot project in the border areas before taking a final decision. (PTI)

August 23, 2007

Biometric tracking gives a tamper proof identity to villagers

Remote Gurrampeta, a tribal hamlet, seemed hardly the ideal place to distribute smart cards after an experiment with sophisticated personal tracking or access control systems. The backward village with 150 families was poverty-stricken and calamity prone. All that the tribals here wanted was a decent livelihood that would give them at least a meal a day. So, when Kris Dev and his IT savvy team from Chennai hit this rural reach of Andhra Pradesh, carrying their ‘access technology’ equipment, comprising a biometric device, a 9″ by 6 “equipment weighing barely 500 gms, and a laptop, the villagers did not exactly jump with joy.

”In fact, after setting up the equipment to start their experiment, it suddenly struck us that there was no power supply to Gurrampeta village,” says Kris Dev, a management and ICT consultant, specialising in decentralization and e-governance, co-founder of the Life Line 2 Business (LL2B). He recently won the Manthan Award in the category of ‘e-inclusion and livelihood creation.” The April 2006 experiment by Kris and his team in three villages of Andhra Pradesh, Gurrampeta (V R Puram Mandal in Khammam District), Mohammedabad and Jakulla Kootha Palli (Amadugur Mandal in Ananthapur district) coming under the National Rural Development Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGA) for ‘Biometric Tracking of Payments under NREGA and others’ was adjudged the best among 25 states in India.

Back in Gurrampeta, Kris and his colleagues, found a 6-volt car battery and kicked off their experiment which promised to usher in radical changes at the grass root level ”where villagers working in agricultural fields, construction sites or factories were always being exploited by greedy, corrupt middlemen.” Their village initiative had been possible only after several rounds of counselling and explanations. It was quite understandable, as the villagers had only recently been taken for a big ride.

Soon after the 2005 floods in coastal Andhra Pradesh spread over Khammam district, the Hyderabad-based Centre for World Solidarity, a NGO, announced solatium of Rs. 500 each for many villages including Gurrampeta. ”A middleman, authorised to distribute the relief money, put his thumbprints across 135 names of affected villagers and pocketed funds worth Rs. 75,000,” says Kris. Only 15 villagers actually got the relief. Kris explained to the disillusioned villagers that this would never happen with a biometric device where each of them would have a ‘unique identity’ by registering their thumbprint into the machine and their photographs integrated through software. So, every time they put their thumb on the optical scan for verification, their photographs would pop up. The biometric device has a provision to enter the citizen’s ID and displays the ID and name on a LCD screen.

”When a villager signs in for work, he registers on he biometric device. He does the same when he finishes work. So, there is an official record of the man days he puts in which cannot be tampered with and he has to be paid for work done on those days. We have work records (muster-rolls) in villages showing how supervisors have tampered with number of working days of villagers so that they could pocket the extra cash,” said Kris. ”A biometric-based smart card where the citizen uses the information of what he has, what he knows and what he is, ensures a high level of security,” he added.

Now, villagers of Gurrampeta, neighbouring Mohammedabad and J K Palli are thrilled with their new identity. But this was just an experiment. Convincing the policy makers to introduce the process on a permanent basis has proved to be more difficult. In fact, one officer wanted to know if the biometric device would work as well with work-worn hands as it did with his ‘soft’ fingers. ”We showed him that the device worked with everyone —a villager working with machines in a factory, whose work-roughened palms were full of corns and those working in cement factories,” points out Kris. So, while he had convinced villagers that a unique ‘biometric’ citizen identity would dramatically change their lives, the greater challenge has been to convince the various state and district administrations.

The investment would be a mere Rs. 20,000 in every village for a battery-run biometric device in conjunction with a suitable software that can register citizens uniquely, avoid duplication, create a data base of citizens and permit online transfer of information for the district and state administrations to view online. Kris is still waiting with crossed fingers for the first invitation to a village in India for implementing the project.

http://www.indianexpress.com/story/21904.html

Villagers working under NREG scheme get tamper-proof identity cards through biometric authentication

Villagers working under NREG scheme get tamper-proof identity cards through biometric authentication

CHENNAI, JUNE 11: Devanti Devi, Dilip Shaw and Bisuandayal Manjhi of the Gonpura panchayat in Bihar will soon be sporting smart job cards that also double up as ATM/debit cards. They are workers under the National Rural Employment Guarantee programme (NREG) and are among 170 men and women in two villages who would be the first to be registered as NREG members through a foolproof biometric verification device.

For three days from last Tuesday, after the initial hostility and scepticism, villagers in Kurkuri and Dhuparchak Mushahari in Phulwarisharif block of Patna district, gathered at the Panchayat office to place their fingers (all 10) on a Korean-made biometric device. Each finger was registered twice for getting the best value of minutiae counts (the whorls and ridges on a finger).

Then the villagers were photographed and all their personal data was registered on their NREG Card. With the photograph and details scanned and attached to their names, the state created a permanent database on the workers.

After the registration process was completed, the verification was done immediately by entering the NREG ID number, and the beneficiary was asked to place any finger on the biometric device, a small machine that is easily portable to the worksite. The individual’s photograph instantly popped up from the database on the computer monitor.

“The technology has been proven through a transparent system. Now we have to link it to our NREG process which will give every member a job card or a smart card and cover entire Bihar,” Anup Mukherji, Commissioner of the Rural Development Department, told The Indian Express.

All that a panchayat would need for implementing a fool-proof registration and verification process is a biometric device costing about Rs. 20,000, a laptop computer of about Rs. 25,000, a webcam or a digital camera and a personnel for operating the devices.

With Nitish Kumar keen on making the poverty alleviation programme a success in his state, his government had initially hit on the idea of fingerprinting each of the NREG workers at the time of registration and during payment of their wages. But this was hardly effective since verification of the fingerprints was a mind-boggling process and required a forensic expert to certify each of them.

It was around this time that an article in The Indian Express on January 28 this year on a biometric tracking concept devised by Kris Dev, a Chennai-based e-governance consultant, caught the attention of the Bihar administration. Mukherji got in touch with Kris Dev and asked him to prove to the state government that the technology worked at the ground level. “If your solution does all that the article describes, it would be ideal for Bihar where people find ways to beat all systems,” Mukherji told Kris Dev.

Dev went to Patna in February to make a presentation to the Bihar State Electronics Corporation and later at two villages. On June 7, Nitish Kumar watched the demo in the two villages that Kris Dev presented and gave a spot clearance for the concept to be implemented throughout Bihar.

“It is surprising that Bihar should become the first state in India to introduce biometric tracking for NREG,” said Dev today.

Fingerprint Biometric Attendance System for Primary Schools

Project Titled : “Fingerprint Biometric Attendance System for Primary Schools in Narmada District (Gujarat)”.

Brief Description:

Supply, installation and commissioning of 600 numbers of standalone Fingerprint Biometric Machines in various primary schools in Narmada District (Gujarat)

Tender Ref.: DPN/FBAS/01/2006

District Panchayat – Narmada
Jilla Panchayat Bhawan-Narmada,
Near Karjan Irrigation Project Office,
Rajpipla, Dist. Narmada (Gujarat) 393 145

Background:

To ensure full enrolment of all eligible students and to reduce drop-out rate in primary education, Government of Gujarat launched “Shala Praveshotsav” (Enrolment Drive) and “Kanya Kelavani Rath” (Girl Chid Education Campaign) from the year 2003. This programme has been very successful and is achieving full enrolment of all the eligible students. 

The extent of coverage of primary education in the state has been satisfactory but high rate of drop-out is a matter of serious concern. In the last three years, the Primary Education Department of Government of Gujarat has introduced several schemes to address the problem of drop-outs.

While lots of initiatives are being taken to improve primary education, it is equally important to sustain and deepen these reforms. After the success of enrolment drives with the achievement of full enrolment, the challenge now is to improve retention and reduce the drop-out.

Apart from socio-economic reasons, absenteeism of teachers, particularly in tribal areas and remote villages is one of the most important reasons for high dropout rates. All noble initiatives of the State Government lose effectiveness and seriousness, when teachers remain absent without due permission, for a long period. Above entioned areas, which are also the areas of lowest female literacy rates are suffering a lot because of this problem. It is urgently needed to have a strong and reliable mechanism to monitor attendance of teachers and students.

In order to have strict watch on the attendance of the teachers and the students, a Fingerprint Biometric School Attendance System was proposed for Narmada District. Government of Gujarat has accepted the proposal and has sanctioned a pilot project of a Fingerprint Biometric Attendance System for all primary schools in Narmada District to be implemented by the District Panchayat – Narmada (Rajpipla). After implementation, Narmada probably will become the first district in the country to cover all primary schools by a Fingerprint Biometric Attendance System.

Pilot Project:

The pilot project is planned to cover 680 primary schools, 70 Cluster Resource Centres (CRCs) and 4 Block Resources Centres (BRCs) in Narmada District. It will cover around 2508 teachers and 76,000 students. A stand alone fingerprint biometric machine with external un-interrupted power supply upto 12 hours will be installed in each primary school for recording attendance of teachers as well as students. At the end of the month, the attendance data will be transported to the taluka (Block) HQ in a portable memory device like a pen drive. This attendance data will be processed with the help of a software application for getting pay rolls of teachers and other various reports.

The pilot project has a great scope of further expansion depending upon its success in Narmada district. Narmada district is one of the most backward districts of Gujarat having predominant tribal population and low literacy indicators. The pilot model of biometric attendance system is most likely to be replicated in all other districts of Gujarat if it is tested successful in a district like Narmada. The expanded project is expected to cover around 40,000 schools, which are to be covered, in a phased manner, in the coming 2-3 years.

Pilot Project Implementation:

As an implementing agency District Panchayat – Narmada (Rajpipla) has decided that the procurement of the standalone Fingerprint Biometric Machines (FBMs) along with accessories would be through National Competitive Bidding while the software application would be developed by the NIC-Gujarat. To carry out this objective, District Panchayat – Narmada proposes to finalise a rate contract with only manufacturers of Fingerprint Biometric Machines (FBMs) in India for supply, installation and commissioning of standalone FBMs as per specifications given in the tender document.

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August 24, 2004

BMP set to introduce hi-tech attendance recording system

Source: http://www.hindu.com/2003/11/06/stories/2003110612250300.htm


The Biometrics equipment at the Bangalore Mahanagara Palike building in Bangalore on Wednesday. — Photo: K. Bhagya Prakash

BANGALORE Nov. 5. Over 700 employees working in the Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BMP) head office will soon have a new attendance recording system called Biometrics.

The system, part of the BMP’s information technology initiatives, is likely to be launched on November-end. Ten of these machines, developed by Radiant Info Systems, have been installed at the head office for trial runs. The employees have been practising the use of these machines in the past week.

The BMP, in its budget for the year 2002-2003, promised to introduce Biometrics, a technology more advanced than the magnetic swipe card system installed at the Vidhana Soudha and other government offices in the State. In the first phase, the technology is being introduced in the head-office only. Based on its success, it would be introduced for all the 14,000 BMP employees at all levels, including the three zonal and field offices in the city, sources said.

Under the technology, an employee has to press his or her thumb on the small machine fixed on a wall to record their attendance. The impression of the thumb matches with the one already stored in a computer, and this enters his or her attendance.

The sources said though the system was also designed to record entry and exit timings of the employees and also for access control (to allow only BMP employees inside the office), the BMP planned to use it just to record the attendance for the time being. The technology was foolproof than a swipe card system wherein employees have to swipe a card issued to them on the machine. Under the latter, there were chances of malpractice as an employee can swipe the card for his colleague.

The attendance recording system was basically to monitor the BMP’s workforce. Introduction of the technology would not only save paper work but also enable streamlining of administration, the sources added.

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