eSSL Biometric Secuwatch

March 3, 2011

CCTVs may keep tabs on examinees

BANGALORE: High-resolution close circuit television (CCTV) cameras and online delivery of question papers could be used in state medical examination halls to catch cheats and prevent invigilators from helping students in writing papers.

The medical education department is planning to try this out at some exam centers on the recommendations of committees which probed the recent malpractices unearthed in nursing and post-graduate exams.

Medical education minister S A Ramadas on Monday said cheats are using hi-tech methods and invigilators themselves fear more complaints from students. “Some schools and colleges already use CCTVs to monitor teaching and students’ behaviour. If a examinee knows CCTV cameras are around, it acts as a deterrent __ like speeding motorists tend to slow down if there’s a camera on a main road,” he added.

The committees, which were constituted following media reports of malpractices and a raid by the minister himself, also recommended that CCTVs be switched on from the time of giving question-and-answer sheets to students till they are sealed in the security box by invigilators.

 

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February 22, 2011

Biometric attendance system at Karnataka University

HUBLI: Irregular and non-punctual staff will be dealt with an iron hand if they fail to be in Karnatak University (KUD) on time, thanks to biometrics fingerprints attendance system which has been installed at all the departments.

Hundreds of employees work at various sections of 52 departments at KUD. The manual attendance system is said to be a cause for concern among the heads of various departments to keep track of the attendance of their subordinates. Their not being punctual was adding to the problem.

The biometric system is expected to instil discipline among the employees so their efficiency is increased. KUD has also installed IP-based CCTV at libraries, administration building, examination building and the main annex to keep a watch on the behaviour of students in libraries and the movement of employees elsewhere.

R M Vatnal, chairman of IT department, which designed and implemented the system, told `The Times of India’ that biometric system is being used in important departments like finance, administration and examination. The biometric devices installed at all other departments are yet to be activated. “The biometric system is being run on a trial basis in some departments. It should be in place at all the departments in the next two months,” he added.

WHAT’S NEW

Instead of signing in the register, the employees will have to put the impression of their fingers on the device to register their attendance daily. The fingerprints of all employees have been uploaded in the system. The fingerprint-specific system also checks registration of proxy attendance.

The biometric devices will be operated from the main server located at the IT department. “We will send attendance report of each department to the heads concerned everyday so they can know the regularity/ punctuality of their subordinates,” Vatnal said, and added that the new system has cost KUD around Rs 5 lakh.

Source: Biometrics Attendance System

February 21, 2011

Biometric Fingerprint Reader as Valuable Technological Tool

Technological advancement is the planet over in our day to day life starting from our home to office. Everyone is aware of their home appliance advancement, considering the office, now in this current century there is no need to maintain the pile of ID anymore to maintain the records of workers log. We can store the detail of time constraints even electronically which even saves sere wastage of time. Just a portable device made of fabric can be hung up somewhere and a beep sound easily audible whenever it senses a skin touch. Even it can easily admit the frauds and can alarm the other ones. The device is so small that it can be full or stirred to any place according to our convenience. Technically this device normally plotted with fuzzy logic, when a person is allowed to touch the thin dinghy plate for once this device maps each and every detail of the person’s touch, the various mapping contains the length and size by the side of with some other detail which is necessary for the detection of the individual, it depends on the programming of how it has been plotted.Biometric fingerprint reader has been establish out by an US citizen for office purpose so that everything could be doneautomatically as because time and cash both are valuable like nothing else. This discovery became so very helpful as well as essential that throughout the globe human beings started adapting the same. Taking consideration of India why should India live behind. India adapted this system and very soon throughout the country it gained its popularity for its usefulness. Nowadays it is an established device which is not only used in the office but also it is used at home, where people use it for multiple purposes.

PURPOSES :OFFICE : In office, it is generally used to store the details of theattendance of the employees, it also store the details of the break timings of variousemployee.

That is, instead of by a huge pile of ID this fiddle with print device does the work. Since details are stored in terms of electronic means therefore it saves the precious time as well as it saves from fraud. These keeps the records everlastingly in the computerso that any time you want to have a look you can always get it. 

HOME : In home, if someone want to keep a track of log that is, who is coming, when is coming, also in foreign it is used as a security like, in order to enter into the house one needs to scan the fiddle with if the device is plotted by the concerned fiddle with then only the person would be allowed to enter into the place or else it is generally attached with the security alarm so when the device does not find a match it blows the security alarm, thus it prevents the attack of burglars.

This rate has been full into adaption by our country also, after all why to stay behind, nowadays few Indian Jails also by this rate as because tracking every employee individually becomes very tedious so they are electronically protected. Thus, this device is proving very beneficial in technological, mechanical and user friendly point of view.

January 19, 2011

eSSL Biometrics keeps mid-day meal scheme on track

A simple use of technology has helped streamline gross misuse of funds in government’s mid-day meal programme in government primary schools. Not just the meals; the inexpensive biometric device using general packet radio service (GPRS) technology developed by a Bengaluru-based techie has also come in handy to check teachers’ attendance in these schools and more importantly, the drop-out rate of students, which is rampant and often ignored by school authorities for various reasons.

A pilot project taken up by Bengaluru-based software entrepreneur — Mallikarjun Patil in a village school – Government Composite High School in Nagenahalli, Mysore taluk — has done wonders in controlling pilferage of food grains meant for mid-day meals and saved government lakhs of rupees. Ms G. Satyavathi, chief executive officer, Zilla Panchayat, Mysore taluk had sanctioned permission for the unique project.

“I had heard about the rampant misuse of government funds in the mid-day meal programme. I wondered how technology could be used to help reduce the pilferage and improve school administration in general. I devised a battery-operated biometric gadget using GPRS technology but I needed to conduct a field test to check its functioning.

I found this village school, which is 10 km from Mysore and I approached Ms Satyavathi, chief executive officer, Zilla Panchayat, Mysore taluk for permission. The pilot was launched in November last year with her support,” said Mr Patil. The biometric device has been tailor-made for remote villages, where power supply and net work connectivity are poor.

“The GPRS technology comes in handy to push the data from remote locations to the server in Bengaluru. We have also created various web reports, which have brought in greater transparency and has cut down on the paper work,” said Mr. Patil. He added that hardware is supplied by eSSL— a hardware firm in Bengaluru.

Deccan Chronicle visited the Government School in Nagenhalli to see how the device works.
The portable biometric device has a stored data of finger prints of all the students – from primary section to the high school and when they come to school at around 9 am they have to punch the machine to record attendance. Even the teachers including the heads of the institution have to record their attendance.

By 10 am Mr Patil gets the information on how many children have turned up for the day and he then sends an SMS to the head cook of the school on the amount of rice, lentils and vegetables she should use for the day. The names of regular absentees are sent to the head master — Rajendracharya and head mistress H. Hemaksha so that they can visit the child’s home and draw her/him back to school.

“The Deputy Director of Primary Education and department heads are kept in the loop on the teachers’ attendance. The web-based system also allows government to analyse the database on boy-girl ratio; caste and annual income of parents with the use of graphs and bar charts,” said Mr. Patil.

The Revenue Secretary, Rajiv Chawla, impressed with the project said that it’s a “foolproof method to check pilferage of food grains; students and teachers attendance. It’s a simple, inexpensive multi-purpose device, which has controlled many irregularities in government run primary schools; from the mid-day meal programme to checking teacher absenteeism and drop out rate of children,” said Mr. Chawla.

eSSL Mid Day Meal Article

January 17, 2011

Indian biometrics booming

A new report by Frost & Sullivan has found that biometrics is the fastest emerging technology in the Indian securities and identification market and is finding increased traction in various government and non-government applications such as driving licenses, ePassports, land records, as well as time and attendance.

Frost says that biometrics is gradually gaining ground at the expense of conventional methods of identification and security checks such as physical checks, photo IDs, tokens, and passwords.

The Indian Biometric Market report finds that the market earned revenues of INR 5.43 billion from the combined sale of biometric readers and cards in 2009 and estimates this to reach INR 52.55 billion in 2015.

“There is an increasing need to secure people, assets, information, and facilities by managing access control for authorized people,” says Frost & Sullivan Research Analyst Sagarina Rai. “The Indian biometrics market is receiving a huge boost from large-scale government projects, increasing public awareness, and rising security concerns.”

Owing to India’s large population, identifying oneself in the country is a major hurdle, especially in the rural areas. This has made a solid case for the use of biometrics in the interiors, says Frost.

Furthermore, due to a rapidly rising economy, there has been a spurt in the need for safety and security solutions among organizations dealing with private and confidential data. The escalation in security threats has also spawned a need for authenticated physical access to building premises, creating vast opportunities for biometrics companies.

Despite the market’s potential, the poor awareness, lack of a unified standard for biometric readers, as well as inadequate expertise and investments are restraining the market. India has not yet started manufacturing biometric devices domestically because the sensors have to be imported. Owing to a surfeit of imports, the market is flooded with low-cost, low-quality devices. As these devices often fail to meet quality standards, customers’ confidence in the technology is fast eroding.

Source: Frost & Sullivan

August 12, 2008

Leading player in Attendance, Access, CCTV, Fire Safety Solutions industry

eSSL

eSSL

September 27, 2007

High Level Security Using Biometric – Fingerprint Access Control with Video phone

Biometric based applications guarantee for resolving numerous security hazards. As a method of preserving of privacy and the security of sensitive information, biometrics has been studied and used for the past few decades. Fingerprint is one of the most widely used biometrics. A number of fingerprint verification approaches have been proposed until now. However, fingerprint images acquired using current fingerprint input devices that have small field of view are from just very limited areas of whole fingertips. Therefore, essential information required to distinguish fingerprints could be missed, or extracted falsely. The limited and somewhat distorted information are detected from them, which might reduce the accuracy of fingerprint verification systems. In the systems that verify the identity of two fingerprints using fingerprint features, it is critical to extract the correct feature information. In order to deal with these problems, compensation of imperfect information can be performed using multiple impressions of enrollee’s fingerprints.

eSSL

 We at eSSL believe our solutions are among the best in the industry.  A special emphasis of our company’s vision is the utilization of advanced biometric technology to increase the security of our clients’ homes, workplaces, networks and data.  The small and medium business environments make up the bulk of the Indian economy and their security is fundamental to the defense of our national financial system.  Effective solutions must offer increased security of data, networks and access to facilities while maintaining personal privacy.

September 24, 2007

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs) About Biometrics for Time and Attendance

What is biometrics?

Biometrics is the practice of automatically identifying people by one or more physical characteristics. The use of biometrics in time and attendance systems makes it much more difficult for one employee to clock in or out on behalf of another (i.e. “buddy punching”).

What are the different kinds of biometrics?

Hand geometry, fingerprint, voice, signature, face geometry and iris or retinal scans are all in use today. Each different type has its advantages and disadvantages, making each suitable for different types of applications. Fingerprint and hand geometry are the most commonly usedtypes for time and attendance applications.

Are there any health concerns with the use of biometrics?

No. Biometric identification and verification systems have been in use for over 25 years, with no reported health hazards. The methods used for commercial biometric identification andverification are non-invasive and pose no health risks.

What is the difference between “biometric identification” and “biometric verification”?

Biometric identification compares a biometric “signature” to all the records stored in a database to determine if there is a match. Because it requires comparing each existing record in the database against the new biometric characteristic, it can be slow and is usually not suitable for real-time applications such asaccess control or time and attendance. You’ll find biometric identification used most frequently in such applications as law enforcement — for instance, the comparison of a fingerprint from a crime scene to a database of prints collected from convicted criminals. Biometric verification compares a newly-scanned biometric characteristic to a measurement previously collected from that same person to verify that individual’s identity.For instance, when an employee is hired, that employee’s fingerprint will be enrolled into the company’s biometric time and attendance system. When that employee attempts to clock in the next day, her newly-scanned fingerprint will be compared to the fingerprint scan collected when she was enrolled into the system. If there is a match, the employee’s punch will be recorded. Because of this one-to-one comparison, biometric verification systems are generally much faster than biometric identification systems. Most commercial applications of biometrics for time and attendance or access control use biometric verification. 

What is a “false acceptance” (FAR) ? What is a “false reject”(FRR)?

You will often hear biometric system vendors touting their system’s low false-acceptance or false-reject rate. These refer to how accurate and reliable the system is in correctly identifying people. For time and attendance systems, a false acceptance occurs when the system registers a punch from an employee even when someone else’s finger or hand (or an artificial finger or hand) is offered for validation. A false reject happens when the system refuses to accept theemployee’s own fingerprint or hand as valid. Biometric systems all strive to have rates of false acceptances and false rejects as low as possible. False acceptances may allow instances of buddy punching to “slip through the cracks.” False rejects can lead to employee frustration when they aren’t able to clock in and out successfully using their own hands or fingerprints.

How does fingerprint biometrics work?

When an employee is first enrolled in a fingerprint-based biometric time and attendance system, the software records a template of the employee’s fingerprint and associates that template with the employee’s ID number. This template measures the relationship betweenvarious points in the fingerprint. Each time the employee attempts to clock in or out, the time and attendance software verifies that the newly scanned fingerprint matches the template originally stored for that ID number. If there is a match, the punch is recorded. Occasionally, employees will have privacy concerns about having their fingerprint scanned. The fingerprint templates used for biometric verification such as with ATRx Secure PunchIn are stored in encrypted format and cannot be used to re-create anyone’s fingerprint. Additionally, because biometric verification uses relatively few points of comparison, the templates used in commercial time and attendance systems are useless without another fingerprint with which to compare them. They cannot be used for biometric identification.

What are the advantages of fingerprint biometrics?

Fingerprint biometric readers are generally lower cost and are often used for entry-level systems such as Acroprint’s ATRx Secure PunchIn. They represent an easy and affordable way for businesses to get started using biometric-enabled time and attendance systems. Depending on the system, fingerprint-based biometric systems can have a false-acceptance rate that is lower than other technologies.

How does hand geometry work?

When an employee is first enrolled in a hand-geometry-based biometric time and attendance system, the hand reader records a 3-D image of the hand. The image is stored as a templateassociated with that employee’s ID number. Each time the employee attempts to clock in or out, the hand reader verifies that the newly scanned hand image matches the template originally stored for that employee ID number. Ifthere is a match, the punch is recorded. The scanners used by Acroprint’s ATRx Biometric 1000 system are highly accurate, taking 90 different measurements of the hand. The scanners also update the template every time the employee’s hand is successfully scanned. This means that the system can accommodate changes such as natural aging, weight gain, weight loss and other normal variations in the hand geometry. Artificial fingernails and small adhesive bandages are not usually a problem. If worn consistently, jewelry such as wedding bands will likewise normally not affect the accuracy of the scan. Some employees have hygiene concerns about placing their hand on the reader. Generally speaking, there is no greater health risk involved in using the hand reader than there would be in using a doorknob that has been touched by other people, handling money, or shaking hands. When necessary, the HandPunch reader can be easily cleaned with glass cleaner and a soft cloth.

What are the advantages of hand geometry biometrics?

Hand geometry has been in use longer than any other biometric technology, starting with the use of 2-dimensional devices in the 1970s. HandPunch systems from  such as the ATRx Biometric 1000 use an advanced 3-dimensional hand reader for highly accurate results. In most cases, hand geometry systems will have a lower false reject rate than fingerprint systems.

This resource has been brought to you by enterprise Software Solutions lab (eSSL) headquarters in Bangalore, India, eSSL is a leading global manufacturer and distributor of time and attendance products with thousands of dealers and distributors across India and products that are exported to many foreign countries.

visit http://www.esslindia.com

September 23, 2007

Biometric Fingerprint Time Clocks

Buddy punching—not the violent connotation, but equally malicious and punishable under most corporate guidelines on proper employee behavior—is the practice of cheating time clocks by punching in the attendance card or swiping the ID of a co-worker in his absence.

Attendance monitoring used to mean endless paperwork, sifting though documents and manual computation. That has changed with the onslaught of biometric fingerprint time clocks that have high-tech applications but simple implementation.

There are several brands in the market, and they offer basically the same features, although some may be a bit more sophisticated (they allow several program schemes adaptable per employee specifications). A device can be programmed to quickly identify special work-schedule arrangements made for certain employees, for example.

A biometric fingerprint time clock generally is composed of three major components that make it work: scanner (on which one places a finger for the print to be scanned); software (that transforms the scanned information into digital format); and database (where authorized fingerprints are stored in digital format).

Biometric fingerprint time clocks may be installed on each side of a door to facilitate close monitoring of employee ins and outs. The biometric clock is wired into the door latch, allowing it to mechanically open and shut it. But if it’s just attendance monitoring you desire, one unit for your whole office may suffice. A device is capable of storing large amounts of data.

Once installed, you will have to get each employee to register a fingerprint. You may need to have your IT (information technology) employees help you with this. They will create a master list of names and their corresponding fingerprints. Additional programming is needed for flexi-time employees who do not subscribe to the general work-schedule hours.

After completing the database, the device ready. Employees will only need to put a finger on the scanning interface of the time clock. The print will be processed, and if it matches an image stored in the database, the door will open mechanically. If not, access will be denied; there’s no prying open the door or getting around the system.

eSSL

September 15, 2007

UK to outsource biometric visa checks to Mumbai

The UK is to outsource visa application checks “wherever there is an outsource partner”, following trials in its largest visa posts in Mumbai, Delhi and Islamabad. This process, which will be implemented alongside the introduction of biometrics for all visa applications, is intended to cover at least 60 per cent of an annual total of 2.5 million applications by 2008, saving £3.7 million via a reduction of “46 staff years per year”.

The cunning outsourcing plan by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, which handles overseas visa applications, will be implemented as the UK Passport Office tightens security via the introduction of biometrics and by requiring new (and subsequently all) passport applicants attend a personal interview. Which could, one speculates, result in a country it was a hell of a lot easier to get into than out of, but the outsourcing partners will, we feel sure, be thoroughly vetted.

The process, the FCO tells us, “cost just £35,000 to develop” (did they outsource this too?) and allows UK visa staff to advise the outsourcing partner what information is needed. The partner then collects this from the application, puts it into electronic format and passes it on to the British Mission. As biometrics are rolled out, outsourcing partners are likely to deal with this too. “From our experience of fingerprinting in a variety of posts in East Africa,” says the FCO, “we have learned that we can safely scan fingerprints within our outsourced operations.”

The decision to fingerprint all visa applicants was taken after “the success of the Colombo fingerprinting trial in 2003”, which as we noted at the time was so ‘successful that it caught a maximum of xxx fraudsters. In common with other UK Government departments, the FCO claims that the UK “is committed by EU regulations to introducing biometrics into the worldwide visa operation” – as far as the FCO is concerned this is sort of, nearly true, but not quite, and the FCO’s current visa plans are rather different from what it will have to do if it ever really is “committed by EU regulations”.

The EU’s visa plans aren’t directly connected to its biometric passports ones, nor do they directly connect to the FCO ones. European ministers intended to have a blueprint for the introduction of biometric visas in place by the end of last year, but the discovery that the plans didn’t work put things up in the air. Ministers still intend to go ahead with biometric visas, and a trial of a separate visa card is commencing, but as far as we’re aware the European Parliament hasn’t yet been blackmailed into rubber-stamping a firmed-up scheme.

That however is neither here nor there as far as what the FCO is doing is concerned. The European system is intended to be part of the Schengen II/Visa Information System database network, with the biometric visa itself available for checking via standard border control equipment on entry to the EU. The FCO system fingerprints visa applicants in order to give the UK the capability to check for duplicate applications. The EU system means the subject of the visa carries their biometric data with them, whereas the UK’s doesn’t. If the UK is to participate in the EU system then the FCO will have to upgrade (if that’s the word) its plans and issue whatever the EU decides on, either a sticker in the passport or a separate card, probably the latter.

The FCO’s claim to be committed by regulations therefore appears to be based on its pretending that the UK is a signatory to Schengen when it really isn’t. The FCO explains the Schengen position here, so we don’t have to, but the UK’s attitude to Schengen can probably best be summed up as one of being in for the bits we like, but out for the bits we don’t. How ‘in’ we are on this one might turn out to be less clear than is immediately apparent.

Matters will be further complicated if the UK ID scheme flies. Those resident in the UK for over three months will be required to register for a card, so might this process take place via an overseas office on the granting of visas for over three months? How, if at all, will the current/planned FCO system intersect with the ID scheme, or with Europe’s VIS or a European ID card for non-EU residents?

The FCO claims it will cost £77 million to handle 2.5 million biometric visa applications, and our anonymous tipster for this story suggests this might imply a one-off cost of around £1.8 billion for biometric capture of the entire UK, but we’re not so sure. It’s not clear how much of the FCO cost is capital investment or the annual cost of the system, and what the FCO is planning isn’t necessarily comparable to the Home Office’s ID plans. Unless the FCO intends to maintain its own system in splendid, stripped-down isolation, however, we’d expect the actual cost to climb as the need for compatibility with the other systems increases.

Foreign Minister Jack Straw did not however like the ID scheme in the first place, so may not be willing to bust a gut to keep step with it now, particularly given heartening news that Ireland (another non-Schengen country) may junk biometric passports, and that the US might be about to conclude that biometric passports aren’t nearly as much fun as it initially thought.

Source: http://www.theregister.co.uk/2005/06/27/bio_visa_check_outsource/

September 13, 2007

40,000 Schools fingerprint system project – India

“40,000 Schools fingerprint system pilot project (eSSL) inauguration by Hon. Chief Minister of Gujarat, Shri Narendra Modi”

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The Gujarat state government has initiated a pilot project to ensure full enrolment of all eligible students and to reduce dropout rate in primary schools.

The pilot project covers 680 primary schools, 70 Cluster Resource Centres (CRCs) and 4 Block Resources Centres (BRCs) in Narmada district, one of the most backward districts of Gujarat having predominant tribal population and low literacy. It will cover around 2,508 teachers and 76,000 students.

The pilots being implemented by Bangalore based enterprise Software Solutions Lab (ESSL).

In 2003, Gujarat Government had launched “Shala Praveshotsav” (Enrolment Drive) and “Kanya Kelavani Rath” (Girl Child Education Campaign), which has been very successful and is achieving full enrolment of all the eligible students.

However, while the extent of coverage of primary education in the state has been satisfactory, the high rate of dropout is a matter of serious concern.

Having achieved the successful enrolment, the challenge facing the Government is to improve retention and reduce the dropout.

It was discovered that apart from socio-economic reasons, absenteeism of teachers, particularly in tribal areas and remote villages is one of the most important reasons for high dropout rates,

“ All noble initiatives of the State Government lose effectiveness and seriousness, when teachers remain absent without due permission, for a long period. It was, therefore, urgently needed to have a strong and reliable mechanism to monitor attendance of teachers and students,” said a senior official.

A standalone fingerprint biometric machine with external uninterrupted power supply up to 12 hours will be installed in each primary school for recoding attendance of teachers as well as students. At the end of the month, the attendance data is transported to the taluka (Block) HQ in a portable memory device like a pen drive. This attendance data is processed with the help of a software application for getting pay rolls of teachers and other various reports.

The pilot project has great scope of further expansion depending upon its success in Narmada district. The pilot model of biometric attendance system is most likely to be replicated in all other districts of Gujarat if it is tested successfully in district like Narmada.

The expanded project is expected to cover around 40,000 schools, which are to be covered, in a phased manner, in the coming 2-3 years. 

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